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Firewall-1 Reserved Keywords Vulnerability
From: aleph1 () NATIONWIDE NET (Aleph One)
Date: Mon, 11 May 1998 12:33:58 -0500

This vulnerability in Firewall-1 has been made public by CheckPoint
but hasn't been well publicized.

Most of this information is taken verbatim from the CheckPoint web page
on this issue. You can find this page at


If you use one of several reserved keywords to represent any user defined
object in a rule the default definition of "ANY" will be used instead.
This behavior may grant (or deny) access to a greater number of addresses
or services than expected.


The following keywords should not be used to represent any user defined
object in a FireWall-1 installation:

         Short, Long, Account, Alert, SnmpTrap, Mail, UserDefined, spoof,
         spoofalert, Auth, AuthAlert, Duplicate basewin, serviceswin,
         netobjwin, viewwin, users, resources, time, true, false, last,
         first, status_alert, fwalert

If any of these keywords are used to represent either a network or a
service object and are subsequently used in a security policy, FireWall-1
will interpret the object definition as "undefined". If no other object is
used either in the source/destination or service field of the rule, then
the default address definition of "ANY" is used for that particular field.

Note that in practice only objects in the "tracking" menu of type "alert"
seem to behave this way. Objects such as "Long", of type "log", do not
show this behavior.


If you have a rule that allows SMTP access to a machine called "Mail" on
your DMZ you are actually giving SMTP access to any machines behind the


If any of these keywords are defined as network objects or service objects
and used in a rule base, then the object should be renamed and the
security policy reloaded.

Additional Notes

Mechanisms are being built into future releases of FireWall-1 to prevent
using these keywords as user defined objects.

Aleph One / aleph1 () dfw net
KeyID 1024/948FD6B5
Fingerprint EE C9 E8 AA CB AF 09 61  8C 39 EA 47 A8 6A B8 01

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