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IRIX 6.4 diskperf/diskalign Vulnerabilities
From: agent99 () BOYTOY CSD SGI COM (SGI Security Coordinator)
Date: Wed, 27 May 1998 15:27:12 -0700


DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTIONS - NONE - FOR PUBLIC RELEASE

-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----

______________________________________________________________________________
                Silicon Graphics Inc. Security Advisory

        Title:   IRIX 6.4 diskperf/diskalign Vulnerabilities
        Number:  19980502-01-P3030
        Date:    May 27, 1998
______________________________________________________________________________

Silicon Graphics provides this information freely to the SGI user community
for its consideration, interpretation, implementation and use.   Silicon
Graphics recommends that this information be acted upon as soon as possible.

Silicon Graphics provides the information in this Security Advisory on
an "AS-IS" basis only, and disclaims all warranties with respect thereto,
express, implied or otherwise, including, without limitation, any warranty
of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.  In no event shall
Silicon Graphics be liable for any loss of profits, loss of business, loss
of data or for any indirect, special, exemplary, incidental or consequential
damages of any kind arising from your use of, failure to use or improper
use of any of the instructions or information in this Security Advisory.
______________________________________________________________________________

- ------------------------
- ---- Issue Specifics ---
- ------------------------

IRIX 6.4 Patch 2291 and its successors introduced several new tools for
the Digital Media Community. Two of these new tools introduced are
diskalign(1) and diskperf(1) which are used to assist in configuring
IRIX for data streaming applications, like uncompressed digital video,
to/from an XLV volume set of stripped disks.

Unfortunately, a security hole was discovered that allows diskalign(1) and
diskperf(1) to create arbitrary root-owned files which can lead to a root
compromise.

Silicon Graphics Inc. has investigated the issue and recommends the
following steps for neutralizing the exposure.  It is HIGHLY RECOMMENDED
that these measures be implemented on ALL vulnerable SGI systems.  This
issue will be corrected in future releases of IRIX.


- ---------------
- ---- Impact ---
- ---------------

The diskalign(1)/diskperf(1) programs are installed by default from the
January Recommended/Required Patch Set for IRIX 6.4.

Patch 2291 and 2848 are vulnerable to this exploit.

A user account on the vulnerable system is required in order to exploit
diskalign(1)/diskperf(1) locally and remotely.

This vulnerability has been publically discussed in Usenet newsgroups
and mailing lists.


- ---------------------------
- ---- Temporary Solution ---
- ---------------------------

Although patches are available for this issue, it is realized that
there may be situations where installing the patches immediately may
not be possible.

The steps below can be used to remove the vulnerability by removing
the setuid permissions of the diskalign(1)/diskperf(1) programs.



     1) Become the root user on the system.

           % /bin/su -
           Password:
           #


     2) Verify the vulnerable diskalign(1)/diskperf(1) programs
        are installed. Only patch 2291 and 2848 are vulnerable.

           #  versions -b patchSG0002291 patchSG0002848
           I = Installed, R = Removed

              Name            Date      Description
           I  patchSG0002291  02/02/98  Patch SG0002291: rollup for platform
                                        independent dmedia

           I  patchSG0002848  03/04/98  Patch SG0002848: rollup for platform
                                        independent dmedia


     3) Change the permissions on the vulnerable diskalign(1)/diskperf(1)
        programs.

           # /bin/chmod 500 /usr/sbin/diskalign
           # /bin/chmod 500 /usr/sbin/diskperf

                           ************
                           *** NOTE ***
                           ************

            Removing the permissions from the vulnerable program will
            prevent non-root users from accessing diskalign(1)/diskperf(1).


     4) Verify the new permissions on the program.
        Note that the program size may be different depending on release.

                # ls -al /usr/sbin/diskalign /usr/sbin/diskperf
                -r-x------    1 root sys   17756 Mar  4 14:02 diskalign
                -r-x------    1 root sys   42424 Mar  4 14:02 diskperf



     5) Return to previous user level.

                # exit
                $



- -----------------
- ---- Solution ---
- -----------------

   OS Version     Vulnerable?     Patch #      Other Actions
   ----------     -----------     -------      -------------

   IRIX 3.x          no
   IRIX 4.x          no
   IRIX 5.0.x        no
   IRIX 5.1.x        no
   IRIX 5.2          no
   IRIX 5.3          no
   IRIX 6.0.x        no
   IRIX 6.1          no
   IRIX 6.2          no
   IRIX 6.3          no
   IRIX 6.4          yes           3030



Patches are available via anonymous FTP and your service/support provider.

The SGI anonymous FTP site is sgigate.sgi.com (204.94.209.1) or its
mirror, ftp.sgi.com.  Security information and patches can be found
in the ~ftp/security and ~ftp/patches directories, respectfully.



                 ##### Patch File Checksums ####

The actual patch will be a tar file containing the following files:


Filename:                 README.patch.3030
Algorithm #1 (sum -r):    05597 34 README.patch.3030
Algorithm #2 (sum):       21922 34 README.patch.3030
MD5 checksum:             DD5ABFFEAEAF479FEFF1FE0FB6DD9C0D

Filename:                 patch3030.chksums.only
Algorithm #1 (sum -r):    06000 4 patch3030.chksums.only
Algorithm #2 (sum):       45369 4 patch3030.chksums.only
MD5 checksum:             7D994C28C59CCF796F6FC5E7C8E44D65

Filename:                 patch3030.pgp.and.chksums
Algorithm #1 (sum -r):    39517 11 patch3030.pgp.and.chksums
Algorithm #2 (sum):       12406 11 patch3030.pgp.and.chksums
MD5 checksum:             503702949B44D83249E2C27747F3E411

Filename:                 patchSG0003030
Algorithm #1 (sum -r):    57797 20 patchSG0003030
Algorithm #2 (sum):       41233 20 patchSG0003030
MD5 checksum:             D9CDFB195EB0EF3928AE5752E62817A8

Filename:                 patchSG0003030.desktop_eoe_sw
Algorithm #1 (sum -r):    32697 48 patchSG0003030.desktop_eoe_sw
Algorithm #2 (sum):       25898 48 patchSG0003030.desktop_eoe_sw
MD5 checksum:             55CB2D9182FE8CE45F240DFFC2D10342

Filename:                 patchSG0003030.dmedia_dev_man
Algorithm #1 (sum -r):    26486 51 patchSG0003030.dmedia_dev_man
Algorithm #2 (sum):       26722 51 patchSG0003030.dmedia_dev_man
MD5 checksum:             700D287F5A02173EFD68B34E7434AF68

Filename:                 patchSG0003030.dmedia_dev_src
Algorithm #1 (sum -r):    57124 209 patchSG0003030.dmedia_dev_src
Algorithm #2 (sum):       35449 209 patchSG0003030.dmedia_dev_src
MD5 checksum:             DC07141CDF0A989A3D7CAA8C2BA5FBD6

Filename:                 patchSG0003030.dmedia_dev_sw
Algorithm #1 (sum -r):    40323 4971 patchSG0003030.dmedia_dev_sw
Algorithm #2 (sum):       39176 4971 patchSG0003030.dmedia_dev_sw
MD5 checksum:             B52C5EC6B0822EEFBB11DBEA1589D12A

Filename:                 patchSG0003030.dmedia_eoe_man
Algorithm #1 (sum -r):    12852 125 patchSG0003030.dmedia_eoe_man
Algorithm #2 (sum):       63193 125 patchSG0003030.dmedia_eoe_man
MD5 checksum:             8909E51934CDCF28058B54FDE17FD1AB

Filename:                 patchSG0003030.dmedia_eoe_sw
Algorithm #1 (sum -r):    06229 12946 patchSG0003030.dmedia_eoe_sw
Algorithm #2 (sum):       28437 12946 patchSG0003030.dmedia_eoe_sw
MD5 checksum:             7D33CFF002A66B6A1C1A9914F4C01A48

Filename:                 patchSG0003030.eoe_sw
Algorithm #1 (sum -r):    65347 227 patchSG0003030.eoe_sw
Algorithm #2 (sum):       16579 227 patchSG0003030.eoe_sw
MD5 checksum:             08AC9BE254FAEB7E7880EA32B2FA3D3E

Filename:                 patchSG0003030.idb
Algorithm #1 (sum -r):    33473 42 patchSG0003030.idb
Algorithm #2 (sum):       8655 42 patchSG0003030.idb
MD5 checksum:             3BFC27BA00AEE38686FA0961240F1F23

Filename:                 patchSG0003030.sysadmdesktop_sw
Algorithm #1 (sum -r):    16622 27 patchSG0003030.sysadmdesktop_sw
Algorithm #2 (sum):       52053 27 patchSG0003030.sysadmdesktop_sw
MD5 checksum:             8837A995D8439365442BF8E95188236D


- -------------------------
- ---- Acknowledgments ---
- -------------------------

Silicon Graphics wishes to thank AUSCERT for their assistance in this matter.


- ------------------------------------------------------------
- ---- Silicon Graphics Inc. Security Information/Contacts ---
- ------------------------------------------------------------

If there are questions about this document, email can be sent to
cse-security-alert () sgi com 

                      ------oOo------

Silicon Graphics provides security information and patches for
use by the entire SGI community.  This information is freely
available to any person needing the information and is available
via anonymous FTP and the Web.

The primary SGI anonymous FTP site for security information and patches
is sgigate.sgi.com (204.94.209.1).  Security information and patches
are located under the directories ~ftp/security and ~ftp/patches,
respectively. The Silicon Graphics Security Headquarters Web page is
accessible at the URL http://www.sgi.com/Support/security/security.html.

For issues with the patches on the FTP sites, email can be sent to
cse-security-alert () sgi com 

For assistance obtaining or working with security patches, please
contact your SGI support provider.

                      ------oOo------

Silicon Graphics provides a free security mailing list service
called wiretap and encourages interested parties to self-subscribe
to receive (via email) all SGI Security Advisories when they are
released. Subscribing to the mailing list can be done via the Web
(http://www.sgi.com/Support/security/wiretap.html) or by sending email
to SGI as outlined below.

% mail wiretap-request () sgi com
subscribe wiretap <YourEmailAddress>
end
^d

In the example above, <YourEmailAddress> is the email address that you
wish the mailing list information sent to.  The word end must be on a
separate line to indicate the end of the body of the message. The
control-d (^d) is used to indicate to the mail program that you are
finished composing the mail message.


                      ------oOo------

Silicon Graphics provides a comprehensive customer World Wide Web site.
This site is located at http://www.sgi.com/Support/security/security.html.

                      ------oOo------

For reporting *NEW* SGI security issues, email can be sent to
security-alert () sgi com or contact your SGI support provider.  A
support contract is not required for submitting a security report.

______________________________________________________________________________
  This information is provided freely to all interested parties and may
  be redistributed provided that it is not altered in any way, Silicon
  Graphics is appropriately credited and the document retains and
  includes its valid PGP signature.



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