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Re: IIS dosn't check existance of local file before calling CGI
From: bronek () WPI COM PL (Bronek Kozicki)
Date: Wed, 1 Mar 2000 12:25:44 +0100


From: Bugtraq List [mailto:BUGTRAQ () SECURITYFOCUS COM]On Behalf Of 3APA3A
Sent: wtorek, 29 lutego 2000 20:12
To: BUGTRAQ () SECURITYFOCUS COM
Subject: IIS dosn't check existance of local file before calling CGI


Hello,

  There  is  another one way to retrieve a full path to local files in
  IIS4:

  If  there  is external CGI application configured for some file type
  and  this  application  doesn't  produce  correct  HTTP  headers IIS
  generates  an  error  with  output  of  application (both stdout and
  stderror).  The  problem is, that IIS doesn't check existance of the
  requested file before calling CGI application.

Hello

you can set IIS to verify that requested file (CGI script) exits, before it
calls external application. It's recommended that you always set this option
on (AFAIR it's set by ActivePerl setup for .pl files) ,  however Microsoft
own ISAPI applications do not have it set by default - administrator has to
do it himself . IMHO nothing bad about it - anyway he/she must take some
actions to fortify IIS4, as its default installation is not even supposed to
be secure. All necessary steps are well described in MS whitepaper (but I do
not remember what it says about his particular option :-/ ).

Here goes example:

1) option "check that file exists" is NOT set, called external CGI (not
ISAPI) application (behavior described by 3APA3A )

<head><title>Error in CGI Application</title></head>
<body><h1>CGI Error</h1>The specified CGI application misbehaved by not
returning a complete set of HTTP headers.  The headers it did return
are:<p><p><pre>Can't open perl script
"C:\InetPub\wwwroot\cgi-bin\nosuchfile.pl": No such file or directory
</pre>

2) option "check that file exists" IS set , called external CGI (not ISAPI)
application:

<html><head><title>Error 404</title>
<meta name="robots" content="noindex">
<META HTTP-EQUIV="Content-Type" CONTENT="text/html;
charset=iso-8859-1"></head>
<body>
<h2>HTTP Error 404</h2>
<p><strong>404 Not Found</strong></p>
<p>The Web server cannot find the file or script you asked for. Please check
the URL to ensure that the path is correct.</p>
<p>Please contact the server's administrator if this problem persists.</p>
</body></html>

If application called is a "script engine" (ISAPI application - as ASP and
SSI is) AND option "check that file exists" is NOT set, you will receive
response specific to this particular ISAPI application (usually error 404,
eventually some kind of invalid response). Probably this is why MS does not
set this option for own ISAPI applications - these are supposed to return
error 404 on their own. Well, it reminds me well known buffer overflow in
ism.dll - which could not be exploited if IIS verifies that requested .htr
file exists, before calling ISAPI.

I believe that what 3APA3A descriped is rather result of poor administration
practices, not error in IIS implementation

Regards

B. Kozicki


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