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Microsoft Security Bulletin (MS00-080)
From: Microsoft Product Security <secnotif () MICROSOFT COM>
Date: Mon, 20 Nov 2000 17:32:33 -0800

The following is a Security  Bulletin from the Microsoft Product Security
Notification Service.

Please do not  reply to this message,  as it was sent  from an unattended
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                    ********************************

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Microsoft Security Bulletin (MS00-080)
- --------------------------------------

Patch Available for "Session ID Cookie Marking" Vulnerability

Originally posted: October 23, 2000
Updated: November 20, 2000

Summary
=======
On October 23, 2000, Microsoft released the original version of this
bulletin, to discuss the availability of a patch that eliminates a
security vulnerability in Microsoft(r) Internet Information Server.
The vulnerability could allow a malicious user to "hijack" another
user's secure web session, under a very restricted set of
circumstances.

On November 20, 2000, we re-released the bulletin to advise customers
using IIS 4.0 on Alpha platforms, or IIS 5.0 on x86 platforms, that
new versions of these patch are available, to correct an error in the
original version of the patch. The x86 IIS 4.0 patch was not affected
by the error, and customers using these systems do not need to take
any action.

Frequently asked questions regarding this vulnerability and
the patch can be found at
http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/fq00-080.asp

Issue
=====
IIS supports the use of a Session ID cookie to track the current
session identifier for a web session. However, .ASP in IIS does not
support the creation of secure Session ID cookies as defined in RFC
2109. As a result, secure and non-secure pages on the same web site
use the same Session ID. If a user initiated a session with a secure
web page, a Session ID cookie would be generated and sent to the
user, protected by SSL. But if the user subsequently visited a
non-secure page on the same site, the same Session ID cookie would be
exchanged, this time in plaintext. If a malicious user had complete
control over the communications channel, he could read the plaintext
Session ID cookie and use it to connect to the user's session with
the secure page. At that point, he could take any action on the
secure page that the user could take.

The conditions under which this vulnerability could be exploited are
rather daunting. The malicious user would need to have complete
control over the other user's communications with the web site. Even
then, the malicious user could not make the initial connection to the
secure page - only the legitimate user could do that. The patch
eliminates the vulnerability by adding support for secure Session ID
cookies in .ASP pages. (Secure cookies already are supported for all
other types of cookies, under all other technologies in IIS).

The original version of patches for IIS 4.0 Alpha and the IIS 5.0
systems did not install correctly. The IIS 4.0 x86 version of the
patch does install correctly.

Affected Software Versions
==========================
 - Microsoft Internet Information Server 4.0
 - Microsoft Internet Information Services 5.0

Patch Availability
==================
 - IIS 4.0:
   x86 platforms:
   http://www.microsoft.com/ntserver/nts/downloads/critical/q274149
   Alpha platforms:
   Available from Microsoft Product Support Services
 - IIS 5.0:
   http://www.microsoft.com/Windows2000/downloads/critical/q274149

Note: The patch installs support for secure Session ID cookies, but
does not enable it for reasons of application compatibility. As
discussed in the Knowledge Base article, it can be enabled or
disabled on a site-by-site basis.

Note:
 - The IIS 4.0 version of this patch can be installed on Windows
   NT 4.0 systems running Service Pack 6a, and will be included
   in Service Pack 7.
 - The IIS 5.0 version of this patch can be installed on Windows
   2000 systems with or without Service Pack 1, and will be
   included in Service Pack 2.

Note: Additional security patches are available at the Microsoft
Download Center

More Information
================
Please see the following references for more information related to
this issue.
 - Frequently Asked Questions: Microsoft Security Bulletin MS00-080,
   http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/fq00-080.asp
 - Microsoft Knowledge Base article Q274149 discusses this issue
   and will be available soon.
 - RFC 2109, HTTP State Management,
   http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2109.txt.
 - Microsoft TechNet Security web site,
   http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/default.asp

Obtaining Support on this Issue
===============================
This is a fully supported patch. Information on contacting Microsoft
Product Support Services is available at
http://support.microsoft.com/support/contact/default.asp.

Acknowledgments
===============
Microsoft thanks ACROS Security (http://www.acros.si/) and Ron Sires
and C. Conrad Cady of Healinx (http://www.healinx.com/) for reporting
this issue to us and working with us to protect customers.

Revisions
=========
 - October 23, 2000: Bulletin Created.
 - November 20, 2000: Bulletin updated to indicate availability of
   updated patches for IIS 4.0 on Alpha platforms, and IIS 5.0
   on x86 platforms.

- ----------------------------------------------------------

THE INFORMATION PROVIDED IN THE MICROSOFT KNOWLEDGE BASE IS PROVIDED
"AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND. MICROSOFT DISCLAIMS ALL
WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. IN NO EVENT
SHALL MICROSOFT CORPORATION OR ITS SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY
DAMAGES WHATSOEVER INCLUDING DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
CONSEQUENTIAL, LOSS OF BUSINESS PROFITS OR SPECIAL DAMAGES, EVEN IF
MICROSOFT CORPORATION OR ITS SUPPLIERS HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE
POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION
OR LIMITATION OF LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES SO
THE FOREGOING LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY.


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