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Update: Microsoft Security Bulletin (MS00-086)
From: Microsoft Product Security <secnotif () MICROSOFT COM>
Date: Tue, 21 Nov 2000 18:55:39 -0800

The following is a Security  Bulletin from the Microsoft Product Security
Notification Service.

Please do not  reply to this message,  as it was sent  from an unattended
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                    ********************************

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Microsoft Security Bulletin (MS00-086)
- --------------------------------------

Patch Available for "Web Server File Request Parsing" Vulnerability

Originally posted: November 06, 2000
Updated: November 21, 2000

Summary
=======
On November 06, 2000, Microsoft released the original version of this
bulletin, announcing the availability of a patch that  eliminates a
security vulnerability in Microsoft(r) Internet Information Services
5.0. The vulnerability could enable a  malicious user to run
operating system commands on a web server. On November 10, 2000, we
updated the bulletin to clarify the  scope of the issue. On November
21, 2000, we updated it again, to discuss two newly-discovered
variants of the original  vulnerability.

The new variants don't change the effect of exploiting the
vulnerability. However, they do affect a larger number of  products.
The original variant affected IIS 5.0 in all cases, but only affected
IIS 4.0 when a service pack prior to Windows  NT 4.0 Service Pack 6a
was in use. The new variants affect both IIS 4.0 and IIS 5.0
regardless of the service pack is in use.  Microsoft recommends that
all affected customers apply the new versions of the patches.

Frequently asked questions regarding this vulnerability
and the patch can be found at
http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/fq00-086.asp

Issue
=====
When IIS receives a valid request for an executable file, it passes
the name of the requested file to the underlying  operating system
for processing. However, due to an implementation flaw, it is
possible to create a specially-malformed file  request that contains
both a file name and one or more operating system commands. Upon
receiving such a request, IIS would  pass the entire string to the
operating system, which would first process the file and then execute
the commands.

The ability to execute operating system commands on the web server
would enable a malicious user to take virtually any action  that an
interactively-logged on user could take. Although this would not give
the malicious user administrative control over  the server, it would
nevertheless enable him to cause widespread damage. He could, for
instance, add, delete or change files  on the server, run code that
was already on the server, or upload code of his choice and run it.

There are three signficant restrictions on type of file request that
could be used to exploit this vulnerability:
 - The malicious user would need to request a .bat or .cmd file.
 - The file would need to exist.
 - The malicious user would need to have execute permissions on
   the file.

Although these restrictions limit the scope of the vulnerability, it
is important not to discount it. Many third-party  software products
for web servers install batch files by default. As a result,
Microsoft recommends that all customers  running affected versions of
IIS verify whether their systems contain any .bat or .cmd files that
can be executed by visitors  to the site, and apply the patch
immediately if this is the case. The patch for this issue also
eliminates the "Web Server  Directory Traversal" vulnerability
discussed in Microsoft Security Bulletin MS00-078.

Affected Software Versions
==========================
 - Microsoft Internet Information Server 4.0
 - Microsoft Internet Information Services 5.0

Patch Availability
==================
 - Internet Information Server 4.0:
   http://www.microsoft.com/ntserver/nts/downloads/critical/q277873
 - Internet Information Services 5.0:
   http://www.microsoft.com/Windows2000/downloads/critical/q277873

Note: The IIS 5.0 patch can be applied atop systems running either
Windows 2000 Gold or Service Pack 1. It will be included  in Windows
2000 Service Pack 2.

Note: The IIS 4.0 patch can be applied atop systems running Windows
NT 4.0 Service Pack 6a. It will be included in Windows NT  4.0
Service Pack 7.

Note: Additional security patches are available at the Microsoft
Download Center

More Information
================
Please see the following references for more information related to
this issue.
 - Frequently Asked Questions: Microsoft Security Bulletin MS00-086,
   http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/fq00-086.asp
 - Microsoft Knowledge Base (KB) article Q277873,
   http://www.microsoft.com/technet/support/kb.asp?ID=277873
 - Microsoft TechNet Security web site,
   http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/default.asp

Obtaining Support on this Issue
===============================
This is a fully supported patch. Information on contacting Microsoft
Product Support Services is available at
http://support.microsoft.com/support/contact/default.asp.

Acknowledgments
===============
Microsoft thanks  NSFocus (http://www.nsfocus.com) for reporting the
original and new variants of this vulnerability to us  and working
with us to protect customers.

Revisions
=========
 - November 06, 2000: Bulletin Created.
 - November 10, 2000: Bulletin updated to indicate that IIS 4.0
   is affected when running on pre-SP6 versions of Windows NT 4.0,
   and to provide information on additional restrictions on the
vulnerability.
 - November 21, 2000: Bulletin updated to discuss availability of
patch
   that addresses new variants of vulnerability.

- ------------------------------------------------------------------

THE INFORMATION PROVIDED IN THE MICROSOFT KNOWLEDGE BASE IS PROVIDED
"AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND. MICROSOFT  DISCLAIMS ALL
WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR  PURPOSE. IN NO EVENT
SHALL MICROSOFT CORPORATION OR ITS SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY
DAMAGES WHATSOEVER INCLUDING DIRECT,  INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
CONSEQUENTIAL, LOSS OF BUSINESS PROFITS OR SPECIAL DAMAGES, EVEN IF
MICROSOFT CORPORATION OR ITS  SUPPLIERS HAVE BEEN ADVISED OF THE
POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION
OR LIMITATION OF  LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES
SO THE FOREGOING LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY.


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