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Symantec Enterprise Firewall (SEF) SMTP proxy inconsistencies
From: Martin O'Neal <BugTraq () corsaire com>
Date: Wed, 20 Feb 2002 21:04:28 -0000



-- Corsaire Limited Security Advisory --

Title: Symantec Enterprise Firewall (SEF) SMTP proxy inconsistencies
Date: 18.01.02
Application: Symantec Enterprise Firewall (SEF) 6.5.x 
Environment: WinNT, Win2000
Author: Martin O'Neal [martin.oneal () corsaire com]
Audience: General distribution


-- Scope --

The aim of this document is to clearly define some issues related to 
a some SMTP proxy inconsistencies within the Symantec Enterprise 
Firewall (SEF) environment as provided by Symantec [1]. 


-- History --

Vendor notified: 18.01.02 
Document released: 21.02.02


-- Overview --

The SEF firewall product uses an application proxy strategy to provide
enhanced security features for a variety of common protocols. For the
SMTP proxy, part of this additional functionality allows the firewall 
to restrict the sender / recipient domains and to hide internal 
infrastructure information from external recipients.

However, when the firewall is configured to provide network address 
translation (NAT) to an SMTP connection (effectively hiding the internal 
server behind a publicly routable address), this might not always be 
conducted as desired.


-- Analysis --

The SMTP proxy works by analysing the SMTP format and optionally rewriting 
some of the headers to achieve the desired aim.

When an inbound or outbound SMTP connection is NATed to an address other 
than the one assigned to the physical firewall interface, then the SMTP 
proxy still uses the physical interface name and address within the SMTP 
protocol exchange.

This has two potential issues:

The first issue is that there is now a potential information leak; 
additional information is contained within the SMTP protocol exchange that
could aid an attacker in analysing the firewall configuration.

The second issue is that any receiving / sending host that is configured 
to enforce strict checks on the SMTP protocol exchange, might not accept 
the connection due to the inconsistencies in the fields.


-- Proof of concept --

To reproduce this issue, place an SMTP host on an internal interface of the 
SEF firewall. Create a rule that allows inbound and outbound traffic to this

host, then create an address translation and redirection entry that maps 
SMTP connections to and from an external address other than the physical 
interface address.

smtp address (internal)                1.1.1.1 (twist.dance.org)
firewall address (external physical)   2.2.2.2 (waltz.dance.org)
firewall address (external SMTP NAT)   2.2.2.254 (foxtrot.dance.org)
firewall name                          tango
firewall domain                        dance.org

redirect                               2.2.2.254 -> 1.1.1.1 (for SMTP only)
NAT                                    1.1.1.1 -> any (use 2.2.2.254)
NAT                                    any -> 1.1.1.1 (use client address)
rule                                   1.1.1.1 -> any (for SMTP only)
rule                                   any -> 1.1.1.1 (for SMTP only)

For inbound connections to 2.2.2.254:
-> 220 tango.dance.org Generic SMTP handler

For outbound connections from 2.2.2.254:
<- 220 ...
-> HELO waltz.dance.org
<- 250 ... talking to foxtrot.dance.org ([2.2.2.254])


-- Recommendations --

The SMTP proxy behaviour should be revised to resolve the information 
within the protocol exchange to the correct host / address combination.


-- References --

[1] http://enterprisesecurity.symantec.com/products/products.cfm?ProductID
    =47&PID=9674250&EID=0


-- Revision --

a. Initial release.


Copyright 2002 Corsaire Limited. All rights reserved. 



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