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iDEFENSE Security Advisory 10.02.2002: Net-SNMP DoS Vulnerability
From: "David Endler" <dendler () idefense com>
Date: Wed, 2 Oct 2002 16:14:45 -0400

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iDEFENSE Security Advisory 10.02.2002: Net-SNMP DoS Vulnerability
20:00 GMT, October 2, 2002

I. BACKGROUND

The Net-SNMP package, formerly known as ucd-snmp, is a suite of tools
relating to the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP). It
includes an extensible agent, an SNMP daemon, tools to request or set
information from SNMP agents, tools to generate and handle SNMP
traps, a version of the Unix 'netstat' command using SNMP, and a
graphical Perl/Tk/SNMP based mib browser. More information about the
package is available at http://net-snmp.sourceforge.net .

II. DESCRIPTION

The SNMP daemon included in the Net-SNMP package can be crashed if it
attempts to process a specially crafted packet. Exploitation requires
foreknowledge of a known SNMP community string (either read or
read/write). This issue potentially affects any Net-SNMP installation
in which the "public" read-only community string has not been
changed.

III. ANALYSIS

By sending the SNMP daemon a packet without having first setup a
session, a vulnerability in the following segment of code from
agent/snmp_agent.c, handle_var_requests(), line 1,876, can be
exploited:

    for (i = 0; i <= asp->treecache_num; i++) {
        reginfo = asp->treecache[i].subtree->reginfo;
        status = netsnmp_call_handlers(reginfo, asp->reqinfo,
                     asp->treecache[i].requests_begin);

Despite the fact that “asp->treecache_num” is NULL, the “<=”
comparison in the for() loop allows entry into the block. At this
point, the SNMP daemon attempts to de-reference a NULL pointer
leading to a SIGSEGV. Since the SNMP daemon must parse the attack
packet, an attacker must pass the appropriate ACL (public/read is
sufficient).

IV. DETECTION

Net-SNMP 5.0.1, 5.0.3 and 5.0.4.pre2 are vulnerable.

V. WORKAROUND/RECOVERY

Restart the affected SNMP daemon to restore normal functionality.

VI. VENDOR FIX/RESPONSE

Net-SNMP 5.0.5 has been released which fixes the described
vulnerability. It is available at
http://sourceforge.net/project/showfiles.php?group_id=12694.

VII. CVE INFORMATION

The Mitre Corp.'s Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) Project
has assigned the identification number CAN-2002-1170 to this issue. 

VIII. DISCLOSURE TIMELINE

9/01/2002       Issue disclosed to iDEFENSE
9/24/2002       Maintainer of Net-SNMP notified at
http://net-snmp.sourceforge.net/ 
9/24/2002       iDEFENSE clients notified
9/27/2002       Response received from Wes Hardaker,
hardaker () users sourceforge net
10/1/2002       Vendor fix made available
10/2/2002       Issue disclosed to public

IX. CREDIT

Andrew Griffiths (andrewg () d2 net au) disclosed this vulnerability to
iDEFENSE


Get paid for security research
http://www.idefense.com/contributor.html

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About iDEFENSE:

iDEFENSE is a global security intelligence company that proactively
monitors sources throughout the world — from technical
vulnerabilities and hacker profiling to the spread of viruses and
other malicious code. iALERT, our security intelligence service,
provides decision-makers, frontline security professionals and
network administrators with timely access to actionable intelligence
and decision support on cyber-related threats. For more information,
visit http://www.idefense.com.


- -dave

David Endler, CISSP
Director, Technical Intelligence
iDEFENSE, Inc.
14151 Newbrook Drive
Suite 100
Chantilly, VA 20151
voice: 703-344-2632
fax: 703-961-1071

dendler () idefense com
www.idefense.com

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