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SuSE Security Announcement: kernel (SuSE-SA:2003:034)
From: krahmer () suse de (Sebastian Krahmer)
Date: Tue, 12 Aug 2003 18:57:52 +0200 (CEST)

-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----

______________________________________________________________________________

                        SuSE Security Announcement

        Package:                kernel
        Announcement-ID:        SuSE-SA:2003:034
        Date:                   Tue Aug 12 18:15:00 CEST 2003
        Affected products:      7.2, 7.3, 8.0, 8.1, 8.2
                                SuSE Linux Database Server,
                                SuSE eMail Server III, 3.1
                                SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 7, 8
                                SuSE Linux Firewall on CD/Admin host
                                SuSE Linux Connectivity Server
                                SuSE Linux Office Server
                                SuSE Linux Openexchange Server
                                SuSE Linux Desktop 1.0
                                United Linux 1.0
        Vulnerability Type:     local privilege escalation,
                                remote Denial of Service (DoS)
        Severity (1-10):        7
        SuSE default package:   yes
        Cross References:       CAN-2003-0476
                                CAN-2003-0501
                                CAN-2003-0464

    Content of this advisory:
        1) security vulnerability resolved: a race condition in the ELF loader,
           a minor information leakage problem in the proc-fs,
           re-binding problem of UDP port 2049 sockets,
           DoS in netfilter and NFSv3 code
        2) pending vulnerabilities, solutions, workarounds:
            - xfstt
            - heartbeat
            - KDE config files
            - several minor bug fixes
        3) standard appendix (further information)

______________________________________________________________________________

1)  problem description, brief discussion, solution, upgrade information

    During the last weeks a couple of security relevant fixes have been
    accumulated for the kernel. These fix local vulnerabilities and
    remote DoS conditions. The list of the fixed vulnerabilities is
    as follows:

      - fix for a possible denial of service attack (DoS) in the routing code
      - fix for a possible attack of an unpriviledged user via ioport
      - fix for a re-binding problem of UDP port 2049 (NFS) sockets
      - fix for a kernel panic with pptpd when mss > mtu
      - fix for console redirect bug
      - fix for the execve() file read race vulnerability
      - fix for several race conditions in procfs
      - fix for possible DoS in netfilter code
      - fix for possible DoS in NFSv3 code
  
    Not all kernel-versions are affected by all of these vulnerabilities.
    However, since there is no easy workaround for all of the vulnerabilities,
    we recommend an update of the kernel package.
 
    Please follow the steps in the "SPECIAL INSTALL INSTRUCTIONS" section to
    update your system.

    Note: Managing the necessary patches, building and mostly testing
    kernel update packages is an extremely worksome and therefore also
    time-consuming process. SuSE wishes to provide the same quality and
    reliability in update packages as customers are used to from the
    shipped original products. Even though our kernel updates are
    thoroughly tested, the numerous possible hardware configurations for the
    x86 platform give a certain probability for a functional failure of
    parts of the kernel after the update has been performed. Some of the
    possible failures cannot be handled by SuSE by definition. These
    include (and are not limited to) possible problems with NVIDIA chipset
    graphics boards that make use of hardware 3D acceleration.
      SuSE cannot deliver the binary only driver for the NVIDIA graphics
    boards in the kernel RPM. It is known that the NVIDIA hardware acceleration
    will not continue to work after a reboot, resulting in a failure to start
    the X-server. Hardware acceleration support for NVIDIA graphics chipsets on
    SuSE Linux 8.1 and 8.2 will be automatically disabled if the kernel update
    is performed by YOU (Yast Online Update). If you are committing the update
    by hand (necessary for SuSE Linux 8.0 and older), you should either turn
    off hardware acceleration support for your X Server configuration, or you
    may want to link the acceleration driver with binaries directly from
    nvidia's ftp server yourself, using the provided kernel-source RPM package.

    The kernel of a Linux system is the most critical component with respect
    to stability, reliability and security. By consequence, an update of that
    component requires some care and full attention to succeed.

    SPECIAL INSTALL INSTRUCTIONS:
    ==============================
    The following paragraphs will guide you through the installation
    process in a step-by-step fashion. The character sequence "****"
    marks the beginning of a new paragraph. In some cases, you decide
    if the paragraph is needed for you or not. Please read through all
    of the steps down to the end. All of the commands that need to be
    executed are required to be run as the superuser (root). Each step
    relies on the steps before to complete successfully.


  **** Step 1: Determine the needed kernel type

    Please use the following command to find the kernel type that is
    installed on your system:

      rpm -qf /boot/vmlinuz

    The following options are possible (disregarding the version and build
    number following the name, separated by the "-" character):

      k_deflt   # default kernel, good for most systems.
      k_i386    # kernel for older processors and chipsets
      k_athlon  # kernel made specifically for AMD Athlon(tm) family processors
      k_psmp    # kernel for Pentium-I dual processor systems
      k_smp     # kernel for SMP systems (Pentium-II and above)

  **** Step 2: Download the package for your system

    Please download the kernel RPM package for your distribution with the
    name starting as indicated by Step 1. The list of all kernel rpm
    packages is appended below. Note: The kernel-source package does not
    contain any binary kernel in bootable form. Instead, it contains the
    sources that the binary kernel rpm packages are made from. It can be
    used by administrators who have decided to build their own kernel.
    Since the kernel-source.rpm is an installable (compiled) package that
    contains sources for the linux kernel, it is not the source RPM for  
    the kernel RPM binary packages.

    The kernel RPM binary packages for the distributions can be found at these
    locations under ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/i386/update/ :

      7.2/kernel/2.4.18-20030812
      7.3/kernel/2.4.18-20030812
      8.0/kernel/2.4.18-20030812
      8.1/rpm/i586
      8.2/rpm/i586

    After downloading the kernel RPM package for your system, you should
    verify the authenticity of the kernel rpm package using the methods as
    listed in section 3) of each SuSE Security Announcement.


  **** Step 3: Installing your kernel rpm package

    Install the rpm package that you have downloaded in Steps 3 or 4 with
    the command
        rpm -Uhv --nodeps --force <K_FILE.RPM>
    where <K_FILE.RPM> is the name of the rpm package that you downloaded.

    Warning: After performing this step, your system will likely not be
             able to boot if the following steps have not been fully
             applied.


    If you run SuSE Linux 8.1 and use the freeswan package, you also need
    to update the freeswan rpm as a dependency as offered by YOU (Yast
    Online Update). The package can be downloaded from
    ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/i386/update/8.1/rpm/i586/

  **** Step 4: configuring and creating the initrd

    The initrd is a ramdisk that is being loaded into the memory of your
    system together with the kernel boot image by the bootloader. The
    kernel uses the content of this ramdisk to execute commands that must
    be run before the kernel can mount its actual root filesystem. It is  
    usually used to initialize scsi drivers or NIC drivers for diskless
    operation.

    The variable INITRD_MODULES (set in the files /etc/rc.config up to
    7.3) or /etc/sysconfig/kernel (after and including 8.0)) determines
    which kernel modules will be loaded in the initrd before the kernel
    has mounted its actual root filesystem. The variable should contain
    your scsi adapter (if any) or filesystem driver modules.   

    With the installation of the new kernel, the initrd has to be
    re-packed with the update kernel modules. Please run the command

      mk_initrd

    as root to create a new init rmadisk (initrd) for your system.


  **** Step 5: bootloader

    If you have a 7.x system, you must now run the command

      lilo

    as root to initialize the lilo bootloader for your system. Then
    proceed to the next step.

    If you run a SuSE Linux 8.x or a SLES8 system, there are two options:
    Depending on your software configuration, you have the lilo bootloader
    or the grub bootloader installed and initialized on your system.
    The grub bootloader does not require any further actions to be
    performed after the new kernel images have been moved in place by the
    rpm Update command.
    If you have a lilo bootloader installed and initialized, then the lilo
    program must be run as root. Use the command

      grep LOADER_TYPE /etc/sysconfig/bootloader

    to find out which boot loader is configured. If it is lilo, then you
    must run the lilo command as root. If grub is listed, then your system
    does not require any bootloader initialization.

    Warning: An improperly installed bootloader may render your system
             unbootable.

  **** Step 6: reboot

    If all of the steps above have been successfully applied to your
    system, then the new kernel including the kernel modules and the  
    initrd should be ready to boot. The system needs to be rebooted for
    the changes to become active. Please make sure that all steps are  
    complete, then reboot using the command
        shutdown -r now
    or
        init 6

    Your system should now shut down and reboot with the new kernel.


    Download sources for all kernel RPM packages:
    Our maintenance customers are being notified individually. The packages
    are being offered to install from the maintenance web.

    Due to the large amount of package-names you will not find the usual
    list of package-names with the corresponding MD5 sums here. However the
    integrity of the packages is ensured and can be verified as described in
    section 3.2.

______________________________________________________________________________

2)  Pending vulnerabilities in SuSE Distributions and Workarounds:

    - xfstt
    The X truetype font-server can be crashed my sending
    malicious packets over the network. It may even be
    possible to execute arbitrary commands with the
    privileges of the xfstt server.
    Update packages are available on our FTP servers now.

    - heartbeat
    New heartbeat packages which fix an overflow are available on our
    ftp servers.

    - KDE config files
    Due to an mistake some files in /etc/opt/kde3/share/config/
    of SuSe Linux 8.2 are world-writeable. Under certain
    circumstances these files can be used to gain higher
    privileges. Please add an entry for each file in your
    /etc/permissions.local file. Example:
       /etc/opt/kde3/share/config/kmailrc root.root 0644

    This bug was reported by nordi <nordi () addcom de>.

    - several minor bug fixes
    There are alot more minor security updates in the queue. YOU (Yast 
    Online Update) will inform you when they appear. Alternatively you 
    may want to monitor the following website:
      http://www.suse.de/de/private/download/updates/index.html
    or:
      http://www.suse.de/en/private/download/updates/index.html

______________________________________________________________________________

3)  standard appendix: authenticity verification, additional information

  - Package authenticity verification:

    SuSE update packages are available on many mirror ftp servers all over 
    the world. While this service is being considered valuable and important
    to the free and open source software community, many users wish to be 
    sure about the origin of the package and its content before installing
    the package. There are two verification methods that can be used 
    independently from each other to prove the authenticity of a downloaded
    file or rpm package:
    1) md5sums as provided in the (cryptographically signed) announcement.
    2) using the internal gpg signatures of the rpm package.

    1) execute the command 
        md5sum <name-of-the-file.rpm>
       after you downloaded the file from a SuSE ftp server or its mirrors.
       Then, compare the resulting md5sum with the one that is listed in the
       announcement. Since the announcement containing the checksums is 
       cryptographically signed (usually using the key security () suse de), 
       the checksums show proof of the authenticity of the package.
       We disrecommend to subscribe to security lists which cause the 
       email message containing the announcement to be modified so that
       the signature does not match after transport through the mailing 
       list software.
       Downsides: You must be able to verify the authenticity of the
       announcement in the first place. If RPM packages are being rebuilt
       and a new version of a package is published on the ftp server, all 
       md5 sums for the files are useless.

    2) rpm package signatures provide an easy way to verify the authenticity
       of an rpm package. Use the command
        rpm -v --checksig <file.rpm>
       to verify the signature of the package, where <file.rpm> is the
       filename of the rpm package that you have downloaded. Of course, 
       package authenticity verification can only target an un-installed rpm
       package file.
       Prerequisites:
        a) gpg is installed
        b) The package is signed using a certain key. The public part of this
           key must be installed by the gpg program in the directory 
           ~/.gnupg/ under the user's home directory who performs the
           signature verification (usually root). You can import the key
           that is used by SuSE in rpm packages for SuSE Linux by saving
           this announcement to a file ("announcement.txt") and
           running the command (do "su -" to be root):
            gpg --batch; gpg < announcement.txt | gpg --import
           SuSE Linux distributions version 7.1 and thereafter install the
           key "build () suse de" upon installation or upgrade, provided that
           the package gpg is installed. The file containing the public key
           is placed at the top-level directory of the first CD (pubring.gpg)
           and at ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/suse/pubring.gpg-build.suse.de .


  - SuSE runs two security mailing lists to which any interested party may
    subscribe:

    suse-security () suse com
        -   general/linux/SuSE security discussion. 
            All SuSE security announcements are sent to this list.
            To subscribe, send an email to 
                <suse-security-subscribe () suse com>.

    suse-security-announce () suse com
        -   SuSE's announce-only mailing list.
            Only SuSE's security announcements are sent to this list.
            To subscribe, send an email to
                <suse-security-announce-subscribe () suse com>.

    For general information or the frequently asked questions (faq) 
    send mail to:
        <suse-security-info () suse com> or
        <suse-security-faq () suse com> respectively.

    =====================================================================
    SuSE's security contact is <security () suse com> or <security () suse de>.
    The <security () suse de> public key is listed below.
    =====================================================================
______________________________________________________________________________

    The information in this advisory may be distributed or reproduced,
    provided that the advisory is not modified in any way. In particular,
    it is desired that the clear-text signature shows proof of the
    authenticity of the text.
    SuSE Linux AG makes no warranties of any kind whatsoever with respect
    to the information contained in this security advisory.

Type Bits/KeyID    Date       User ID
pub  2048R/3D25D3D9 1999-03-06 SuSE Security Team <security () suse de>
pub  1024D/9C800ACA 2000-10-19 SuSE Package Signing Key <build () suse de>

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