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[OpenSSL Advisory] Klima-Pokorny-Rosa attack on PKCS #1 v1.5 padding
From: Bodo Moeller <bodo () openssl org>
Date: Wed, 19 Mar 2003 20:36:19 +0100
OpenSSL Security Advisory [19 March 2003]
Klima-Pokorny-Rosa attack on RSA in SSL/TLS
Czech cryptologists Vlastimil Klima, Ondrej Pokorny, and Tomas Rosa
have come up with an extension of the "Bleichenbacher attack" on RSA
with PKCS #1 v1.5 padding as used in SSL 3.0 and TLS 1.0. Their
attack requires the attacker to open millions of SSL/TLS connections
to the server under attack; the server's behaviour when faced with
specially made-up RSA ciphertexts can reveal information that in
effect allows the attacker to perform a single RSA private key
operation on a ciphertext of its choice using the server's RSA key.
Note that the server's RSA key is not compromised in this attack.
This problem affects all applications using the OpenSSL SSL/TLS library.
OpenSSL releases up to 0.9.6i and 0.9.7a are vulnerable. The enclosed
patch modifies SSL/TLS server behaviour to avoid the vulnerability.
The following patch can be applied to OpenSSL releases 0.9.6b up to 0.9.6i,
0.9.7, and 0.9.7a.
--- s3_srvr.c 29 Nov 2002 11:31:51 -0000 188.8.131.52
+++ s3_srvr.c 19 Mar 2003 18:00:00 -0000
@@ -1447,7 +1447,7 @@
if (i != SSL_MAX_MASTER_KEY_LENGTH)
+ /* SSLerr(SSL_F_SSL3_GET_CLIENT_KEY_EXCHANGE,SSL_R_BAD_RSA_DECRYPT); */
if ((al == -1) && !((p == (s->client_version>>8)) && (p == (s->client_version & 0xff))))
@@ -1463,30 +1463,29 @@
(p == (s->version>>8)) && (p == (s->version & 0xff))))
- goto f_err;
+ /* SSLerr(SSL_F_SSL3_GET_CLIENT_KEY_EXCHANGE,SSL_R_BAD_PROTOCOL_VERSION_NUMBER); */
+ /* The Klima-Pokorny-Rosa extension of Bleichenbacher's attack
+ * (http://eprint.iacr.org/2003/052/) exploits the version
+ * number check as a "bad version oracle" -- an alert would
+ * reveal that the plaintext corresponding to some ciphertext
+ * made up by the adversary is properly formatted except
+ * that the version number is wrong. To avoid such attacks,
+ * we should treat this just like any other decryption error. */
+ p = (char)(int) "CAN-2003-0131 patch 2003-03-19";
if (al != -1)
- goto f_err;
/* Some decryption failure -- use random value instead as countermeasure
* against Bleichenbacher's attack on PKCS #1 v1.5 RSA padding
- * (see RFC 2246, section 184.108.40.206).
- * But note that due to length and protocol version checking, the
- * attack is impractical anyway (see section 5 in D. Bleichenbacher:
- * "Chosen Ciphertext Attacks Against Protocols Based on the RSA
- * Encryption Standard PKCS #1", CRYPTO '98, LNCS 1462, pp. 1-12).
+ * (see RFC 2246, section 220.127.116.11). */
i = SSL_MAX_MASTER_KEY_LENGTH;
p = s->client_version >> 8;
p = s->client_version & 0xff;
RAND_pseudo_bytes(p+2, i-2); /* should be RAND_bytes, but we cannot work around a failure */
Report "Attacking RSA-based Sessions in SSL/TLS" by V. Klima, O. Pokorny,
and T. Rosa:
The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures project (cve.mitre.org) has
assigned the name CAN-2003-0131 to this issue.
URL for this Security Advisory:
- [OpenSSL Advisory] Klima-Pokorny-Rosa attack on PKCS #1 v1.5 padding Bodo Moeller (Mar 19)