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base64
From: "Ilya Teterin" <alienhard () mail ru>
Date: Mon, 22 Sep 2003 16:49:59 +0400

Consider we decoding data which contains padding character ('=') at the unexpected place. What we should do with such 
data? The specification of base64 decoding does not tell us what we MUST or even MAY do with such data... So, we can do 
anything we like to do:

1. threat padding character as end of the encoded data
2. ignore padding character
3. decode padding character as well as some other character from base64 alphabet
4. do something else ;-)

I have tested some popular implementations (such as email clients, GNU utilities, RTL and other development's 
libraries). All items (1)-(4) are actually present.

Is it dangerous? Sure. Consider antiviral software, which implements behaviour (1), and e-mail client, which implements 
behaviour (2). Attacker can insert padding character in the beginning of the encoded data, and antiviral software will 
think encoded data is empty. But e-mail client will think differentother way ;-) So, bypassing of content-filtering and 
antiviral protection is obvious subject for this issue.

How to solve this issue? I believe we should rewrite at least filtering systems to block malformed base64-encoded data 
because we don't know is it malicious or not. Otherwise, we can meet new powerful e-mail worm.

-----
"Will research information security for food!"


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