Home page logo

bugtraq logo Bugtraq mailing list archives

Re: base64
From: David Wilson <David.Wilson () isode com>
Date: 24 Sep 2003 20:01:50 +0100

99.99% of all software should create the standard form, so please
let the tiny fraction of users with broken software suffer
when their mails get rejected.

(Note: this of course applies not only to Base64 but to all aspects
 of header-parsing, file-format guessing etc...)

I wish it were true...

I see many invalid messages, e.g.

- Using CR or LF not as CR LF, or including NUL. (Forbidden for MIME
messages, except for Content-transfer-encoding: binary, which needs an
SMTP Extension which few MTAs support).

- Using encoded words in MIME header parameter values (forbidden by RFC
2047 Page 8).

- Not quoting parameters when required

- Not setting Content-transfer-encoding: 8bit on all enclosing MIME
composite types (multipart or message/rfc822) when 8bit is used in a
data part (see RFC 2045 Section 6.4).

- Using characters outside the advertised character set. (E.g. using the
MS 'smart quotes' in something advertised as iso-8859-1).

- Not using the 'minimum' character set (e.g. saying iso-8859-1 when
us-ascii would do).

- Using 8bit characters in headers.

That's just in the structure of the message.

The original post in this thread made the valid point that different
interpreters of MIME messages make different assumptions. That applies
to other areas as well as base64 decoding.


David Wilson                             David.Wilson () isode com
Isode Limited                            Tel: +44 (0) 20 8783 2961

  By Date           By Thread  

Current thread:
[ Nmap | Sec Tools | Mailing Lists | Site News | About/Contact | Advertising | Privacy ]