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[CAN-2004-1022] Insecure Credential Storage on Kerio Software
From: Secure Computer Group <scg () udc es>
Date: Tue, 14 Dec 2004 11:00:48 +0100
Secure Computer Group - University of A Coruna
-- x --
dotpi.com Information Technologies Research Labs
Document title: Insecure Credential Storage on Kerio
Document revision: 1.0
Coordinated release date: 2004/12/14
Vendor Acknowledge date: 2004/10/06
Reported date: 2004/10/01
CVE Name: CAN-2004-1022
Other references: N/A
Impact: Insecure Credential Storage
Recommendation: Update to latest version
Vendor: Kerio Technologies Inc.
Affected software: Kerio WinRoute Firewall (all versions)
Kerio ServerFirewall (all versions)
Kerio MailServer (all versions)
Updates/Patches: Yes (see below)
1. Executive summary:
As a result of its collaboration relationship the Secure Computer
Group (SCG) along with dotpi.com Research Labs have determined
this security issue on Kerio WinRoute Firewall (KWF), Kerio
ServerFirewall (KSF) and Kerio MailServer (KMS).
KWF, KSF and KMS user credential database system uses symmetric
encryption to protect passwords stored on it.
Anyone with a cyphertext of this database (that is, with access to
the configuration files) could reverse the encryption using a
universal secret key hidden into the program logic.
New versions of the software solve this and other minor problems
so it is upgrade its highly recommended.
2. Technical details:
Following the latest trends and approaches to responsible
disclosure, SCG and dotpi.com are going to withhold details of
this flaw for three months.
Full details will be published on 2005/03/14. This three month
window will allow system administrators the time needed to
obtain the patch before the details are released to the general
3. Risk Assessment factors:
The attacker needs access to the user database, which is not
normally a usual condition on a properly hardened firewall and/or
Despite this, special care should be taken on shared environments
where more than one technical staff work together on the firewall
and/or the mail server. This kind of scenarios offer a potential
opportunity for the insiders on the work of stealing identities
and, therefore, breaking access control measures.
It is also important to note that this could be an important
second-stage resource for a successful attacker on an already
compromised firewall and/or mail server.
4. Solutions and recommendations:
Upgrade to the latest versions:
o Kerio Winroute Firewall 6.0.9
o Kerio ServerFirewall 1.0.1
o Kerio MailServer 6.0.5
As in any other case, follow, as much as possible, the Industry
'Best Practices' on Planning, Deployment and Operation on this
kind of services.
Kerio Winroute Firewall 6.0.7 fixed CAN-2004-1022. Kerio Winroute
Firewall 6.0.9 is the current version fixing CAN-2004-1022 and
5. Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project:
The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project has
assigned the name CAN-2004-1022 to this issue. This is a
candidate for inclusion in the CVE list (http://cve.mitre.org),
which standardizes names for security problems.
1. Special thanks to Vladimir Toncar and Pavel Dobry and the whole
Technical Team from Kerio Technologies (support at kerio.com)
for their quick response and professional handling on this issue.
3. The whole Research Lab at dotpi.com and specially to Carlos Veira
for his leadership and support.
3. Secure Computer Group at University of A Coruna (scg at udc.es),
and specially to Antonino Santos del Riego powering new research
paths at University of a Coruna.
Javier Munoz (Secure Computer Group) is credited with this discovery.
 Kerio Technologies Inc.
 Kerio WinRoute Firewall Downloads & Updates
 Kerio ServerFirewall Downloads & Updates
 Kerio MailServer Downloads & Updates
 Secure Computer Group. University of A Coruna
 Secure Computer Group. Updated advisory
 dotpi.com Information Technologies S.L.
 dotpi.com Research Labs
Copyright (c) 2002-2004 Secure Computer Group. University of A Coruna
Copyright (c) 2004 dotpi.com Information Technologies S.L.
Permission is granted for the redistribution of this alert
electronically. It may not be edited in any way without the express
written consent of the authors.
If you wish to reprint the whole or any part of this alert in any
other medium other than electronically, please contact the authors
for explicit written permission at the following e-mail addresses:
(scg at udc.es) and (info at dotpi.com).
Disclaimer: The information in the advisory is believed to be
accurate at the time of publishing based on currently available
information. Use of the information constitutes acceptance for use
in an AS IS condition.
There are no warranties with regard to this information. Neither the
author nor the publisher accepts any liability for any direct,
indirect, or consequential loss or damage arising from use of, or
reliance on, this information.
- [CAN-2004-1022] Insecure Credential Storage on Kerio Software Secure Computer Group (Dec 14)