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Re: MD5 To Be Considered Harmful Someday
From: Jack Lloyd <lloyd () randombit net>
Date: Wed, 8 Dec 2004 14:19:27 -0700

On Tue, Dec 07, 2004 at 06:46:20PM -0700, Joel Maslak wrote:

The short-term fix seems to be something I've been recommending for a
while:

Compute hashes with both SHA-1 and MD5.

The chance of one algorithm becoming compromised in the mid-term is
relatively high IMHO (I was responsible for a PKI system which had to keep
integrity for 20 year periods of time - not an easy task considering what
we don't know about the future).  The chance of two becoming compromised
is relatively less.  The chance of a problem with MD5 and SHA-1 allowing
two different files to have collisions in both algorithms in *BOTH* is
very very small.

You might want to read this:
  http://www.mail-archive.com/cryptography () metzdowd com/msg02611.html

Essentially you can use Joux's attack to generate 2^64 collisions for SHA-1
with about 64*2^80 effort; out of those 2^64 collisions you have an even chance
that at least one of them will also collide in MD5. That's still 2^86 hash
computations, nothing to sneeze at, but nowhere near the expected 2^144
operations. That workfactor might be doable in a 20 year timeframe.

It actually looks like it's better to generate 2^80 MD5 collisions instead of
2^64 SHA-1 collisions, since the initial collisions would be trivial to
generate, and even if MD5 wasn't broken 80*2^64 + 2^80 << 64*2^80 + 2^64. So in
fact you can generate a MD5||SHA collision with only a tiny bit more work than
generating a SHA collision.

So this really doesn't buy you anything.

Jack


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