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Asterisk vmail.cgi vulnerability
From: advisories+asterisk () assurance com au
Date: Mon, 7 Nov 2005 11:19:19 +1100

Assurance.com.au - Vulnerability Advisory
-----------------------------------------------
Release Date:
 07-Nov-2005

Software:
 Asterisk Web-VoiceMail (Comedian VoiceMail)
 http://www.asterisk.org/

 Asterisk is a complete PBX in software. It runs on Linux, BSD and MacOSX and 
 provides all of the features you would expect from a PBX and more. 
 Asterisk does voice over IP in many protocols, and can interoperate with almost
 all standards-based telephony equipment using relatively inexpensive hardware.

Versions affected:
 Asterisk Versions <= 1.0.9
 Asterisk Beta Versions <= 1.2.0-beta1
 Asterisk @ Home Versions <= 1.5
 Asterisk @ Home Beta Versions <= 2.0 Beta 4 


Vulnerability discovered:

 A vulnerability in the voicemail retrieval system allows an authenticated
 user to download any .wav/.WAV file from the system, including other
 users voicemail messages.

Vulnerability impact:

 Low - Insecure web-ui causes breach of privacy

Vulnerability information

 vmail.cgi doesn't clean a parameter passed by the web user which is
 later used to open a file and return a raw stream to the user.
 This allows any authenticated user of the voicemail system to listen to
 other peoples messages, or to open any file with the extension .wav/.WAV
 on the system.

 Example:
  http://asterisk.example.org/cgi-bin/vmail.cgi?action=audio&; \
  folder=../201/INBOX&mailbox=200&context=default&password=12345 \
  &msgid=0001&format=wav

 This will return /var/spool/asterisk/voicemail/default/201/INBOX/msg0001.wav
 when logged in as the 'extension 200' user.

Solution:
 Asterisk has released patches for the vulnerabilities.
 Ensure you are running Asterisk versions > 1.0.9 / 1.2.0-beta1
 Ensure you are running Asterisk @ Home versions > 1.5 / 2.0 beta 4

References:
 Assurance.com.au advisory
 http://www.assurance.com.au/advisories/200511-asterisk.txt

 Asterisk advisory note
 http://www.asterisk.org/changelog

Credit:
 Adam Pointon of Assurance.com.au
 http://www.assurance.com.au/

Disclosure timeline:
 17-Oct-2005 - Discovered during a quick audit of the asterisk web ui
 18-Oct-2005 - Email sent to support and the primary author
 18-Oct-2005 - Immediate response received
 31-Oct-2005 - Patched version committed to CVS
 07-Nov-2005 - Advisory released

About us:
 Assurance.com.au is a specialised information security consultancy.
 Our mission is to help organisations identify and secure their information
 assets. Our expertise concentrates in security architecture design,
 managed security and professional services in security testing/review
 and compliance.

 Supporting this approach are professional and managed services in the
 following areas:

   * Compliance Services - Penetration testing, security reviews, 
     compliance and audit services
   * Wireless and mobility solutions - design, installation and management
     of IEEE 802.11a/b/g (WiFi), tele-mobility and other wireless solutions
   * UNIX-like systems, network and security advice and consulting

 Assurance.com.au also provides organisations with services to support
 compliance to legislative, public and internal/private standards. While
 primarily specialising in Australian & New Zealand standards efforts
 Assurance.com.au also works with other international standards related
 to information security

 These include:
  * ISO/IEC 17799:*, AS/NZS 17799:*, BS7799
  * ISO 15408 (Common Criteria), ITSEC, TCSEC
  * ISO 13569, ISO 11131
  * ACSI33, AS2805, AS3806, AS4360, AS4539, AS8018, HB231:2001, NPP4 (privacy)
  * Sarbanes-Oxley





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