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util-linux: unintentional grant of privileges by umount
From: David Watson <baikie () ehwhat freeserve co uk>
Date: Mon, 12 Sep 2005 21:16:32 +0100

Affected: Linux umount command as provided in the util-linux package in 
versions 2.8 to 2.12q, 2.13-pre1 and 2.13-pre2.

Privileges needed to exploit: local account with permission to unmount a 
user-mountable file system with Unix-type features (set-id bits or device 

Effect: removal of nosuid, nodev and other flags from the file system, thus 
allowing setuid and setgid bits to take effect and device nodes to be 
interpreted. While this may be undesirable in itself, someone who can write 
to the underlying device or otherwise provide its contents can use this to 
obtain root privileges (for example by creating a setuid-root binary in the 
file system and having its setuid bit take effect when run).


When mounting a user-mountable file system, the mount command always imposes 
the nosuid and nodev flags by default, and only the superuser or an explicit 
setting in the fstab entry can override this. However, I recently discovered 
that the umount command allowed users to remove these flags again by using 
the -r option.

The -r option tells umount to try to remount the file system read-only if it 
is currently busy and cannot be unmounted fully (for example, if it is the 
current directory of some process). However, the file system is remounted 
with the MS_RDONLY ("ro") flag alone, thus clearing all its other flags, 
including nosuid and nodev. In the affected versions, the user who mounted 
the file system can use this option and easily force the unsafe remount, even 
if the file system is already read-only. If "users" was given in the fstab 
entry, then any user can do so.

Workaround: edit /etc/fstab to limit the (un)mounting of filesystems 
appropriately, or just remove the setuid bit from umount.

Fix: fixed in util-linux 2.12r-pre1 and 2.13-pre3, by refusing to accept
the -r option from a non-root user.

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