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copy() Safe Mode Bypass PHP 4.4.2 and 5.1.2
From: cxib () securityreason com
Date: 9 Apr 2006 18:10:13 -0000

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[copy() Safe Mode Bypass PHP 4.4.2 and 5.1.2]

Author: Maksymilian Arciemowicz (cXIb8O3)
Date:
- -Written: 2.4.2006
- -Public: 8.4.2006
from SECURITYREASON.COM
CVE-2006-1608

- --- 0.Description ---
PHP is an HTML-embedded scripting language. Much of its syntax is borrowed from C, Java and Perl with a couple of 
unique PHP-specific features thrown in. The goal of the language is to allow web developers to write dynamically 
generated pages quickly.

A nice introduction to PHP by Stig Sæther Bakken can be found at http://www.zend.com/zend/art/intro.php on the Zend 
website. Also, much of the PHP Conference Material is freely available. 

The PHP safe mode is an attempt to solve the shared-server security problem. It is architecturally incorrect to try to 
solve this problem at the PHP level, but since the alternatives at the web server and OS levels aren't very realistic, 
many people, especially ISP's, use safe mode for now.

- --- 1. Safe Mode Bypass ---
General problem exists in safe mode function, because safe mode accept path like "compress.zlib://". 

PHP442 File "main/safe_mode.c"
- -78-80---
        wrapper = php_stream_locate_url_wrapper(filename, NULL, STREAM_LOCATE_WRAPPERS_ONLY TSRMLS_CC);
        if (wrapper != NULL)
                return 1;
- -78-80---

if php_stream_locate_url_wrapper() return something.. safe mode is going to stop.
Let`s see the function php_stream_locate_url_wrapper().

PHP442 File "main/streams.c"

- -2522-2588---
PHPAPI php_stream_wrapper *php_stream_locate_url_wrapper(const char *path, char **path_for_open, int options TSRMLS_DC)
{
        HashTable *wrapper_hash = (FG(stream_wrappers) ? FG(stream_wrappers) : &url_stream_wrappers_hash);
        php_stream_wrapper *wrapper = NULL;
        const char *p, *protocol = NULL;
        int n = 0;

        if (path_for_open)
                *path_for_open = (char*)path;

        if (options & IGNORE_URL)
                return (options & STREAM_LOCATE_WRAPPERS_ONLY) ? NULL : &php_plain_files_wrapper;
        
        for (p = path; isalnum((int)*p) || *p == '+' || *p == '-' || *p == '.'; p++) {
                n++;
        }

        if ((*p == ':') && (n > 1) && !strncmp("://", p, 3)) {
                protocol = path;
        } else if (strncasecmp(path, "zlib:", 5) == 0) {
                /* BC with older php scripts and zlib wrapper */
                protocol = "compress.zlib";
                n = 13;
                if (options & REPORT_ERRORS) {
                        php_error_docref(NULL TSRMLS_CC, E_WARNING, "Use of \"zlib:\" wrapper is deprecated; please use 
\"compress.zlib://\" instead.");
                }
        }

        if (protocol)   {
                if (FAILURE == zend_hash_find(wrapper_hash, (char*)protocol, n, (void**)&wrapper))      {
                        char wrapper_name[32];

                        if (options & REPORT_ERRORS) {
                                if (n >= sizeof(wrapper_name))
                                        n = sizeof(wrapper_name) - 1;
                                PHP_STRLCPY(wrapper_name, protocol, sizeof(wrapper_name), n);
                        
                                php_error_docref(NULL TSRMLS_CC, E_NOTICE, "Unable to find the wrapper \"%s\" - did you 
forget to enable it when you configured PHP?",
                                                wrapper_name);
                        }

                        wrapper = NULL;
                        protocol = NULL;
                }
        }
        /* TODO: curl based streams probably support file:// properly */
        if (!protocol || !strncasecmp(protocol, "file", n))     {
                if (protocol && path[n+1] == '/' && path[n+2] == '/')   {
                        if (options & REPORT_ERRORS)
                                php_error_docref(NULL TSRMLS_CC, E_WARNING, "remote host file access not supported, 
%s", path);
                        return NULL;
                }
                if (protocol && path_for_open)
                        *path_for_open = (char*)path + n + 1;
                
                /* fall back on regular file access */
                return (options & STREAM_LOCATE_WRAPPERS_ONLY) ? NULL : &php_plain_files_wrapper;
        }

        if (wrapper && wrapper->is_url && !PG(allow_url_fopen)) {
                if (options & REPORT_ERRORS)
                        php_error_docref(NULL TSRMLS_CC, E_WARNING, "URL file-access is disabled in the server 
configuration");
                return NULL;
        }
        
        return wrapper;
}
- -2522-2588---

So if you use in your path (for example "compress.zlib://"), function php_stream_locate_url_wrapper() return something 
variable and safe mode return 1.

Let's see now the source of function copy().

PHP442: ext/standard/file.c

- -2114-2138---
PHP_FUNCTION(copy)
{
        zval **source, **target;

        if (ZEND_NUM_ARGS() != 2 || zend_get_parameters_ex(2, &source, &target) == FAILURE) {
                WRONG_PARAM_COUNT;
        }

        convert_to_string_ex(source);
        convert_to_string_ex(target);

        if (PG(safe_mode) &&(!php_checkuid(Z_STRVAL_PP(source), NULL, CHECKUID_CHECK_FILE_AND_DIR))) {
                RETURN_FALSE;
        }

        if (php_check_open_basedir(Z_STRVAL_PP(source) TSRMLS_CC)) {
                RETURN_FALSE;
        }

        if (php_copy_file(Z_STRVAL_PP(source), Z_STRVAL_PP(target) TSRMLS_CC)==SUCCESS) {
                RETURN_TRUE;
        } else {
                RETURN_FALSE;
        }
}
- -2114-2138---

http://pl2.php.net/manual/en/function.copy.php

Description
bool copy ( string source, string dest )

example:
copy("compress.zlib:///etc/passwd", "/home/cxib/to/bandyta/passwd.txt");

safe mode return 1 and skip security.

        if (PG(safe_mode) &&(!php_checkuid(Z_STRVAL_PP(source), NULL, CHECKUID_CHECK_FILE_AND_DIR))) {
                RETURN_FALSE;
        }

return true.

Rest functions have checking safe_mode without path and safe mode works. I don't have tested all functions in php ;].

- --- 2. How to fix ---
CVS
http://cvs.php.net/viewcvs.cgi/php-src/NEWS

- --- 3. Exploit ---
http://securityreason.com/achievement_exploitalert/8

- --- 4. Greets ---

For: sp3x
and
p_e_a, eax, Infospec

- --- 5. Contact ---
Author: SecurityReason.Com [ Maksymilian Arciemowicz ( cXIb8O3 ) ]
Email: max [at] jestsuper [dot] pl or cxib [at] securityreason [dot] com
GPG: http://securityreason.com/key/Arciemowicz.Maksymilian.gpg
SecurityReason.Com

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