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deV!L`z Clanportal - Arbitrary File Upload [061124b]
From: Tim Weber <scy-adv () scytale de>
Date: Fri, 1 Dec 2006 10:45:03 +0100
/ -[061124b]- \
| deV!L`z Clanportal - Arbitrary File Upload |
S Y N O P S I S /
-( access: remote severity: high )-
deV!L`z Clanportal allows nearly arbitrary files to be uploaded and stored on
the server's filesystem, which enables anyone, even without a user account, to
upload PHP code and execute it, leading to arbitrary code execution.
B A C K G R O U N D /
deV!L`z Clanportal (short "DZCP") is a suite of PHP scripts that allow anybody
to create a feature-rich website for her online gaming clan.
A F F E C T E D V E R S I O N S /
verified on: 1.3.6
possibly vulnerable: <= 1.3.6
fixed in: 18.104.22.168
I M P A C T /
The attacker can run own code on the web sever with the same privileges as DZCP
itself, enabling her to do almost anything from getting the MySQL password to
hosting own files and scripts or getting a shell on the server.
P R E R E Q U I S I T I E S /
o the attacker needs a file that is both a valid JPEG or GIF file and valid
PHP (or probably other) code
D E S C R I P T I O N /
upload/index.php is not checking the file extension of uploaded files. Instead
it is simply checking the MIME type (that can be spoofed) and the format of an
uploaded image. A skilled attacker could upload an image file that has been
specially crafted to contain PHP code and yet be recognized as a valid image.
The file will be stored on the server, using a file name supplied by the
attacker (ending in .php, for example), and can then be executed via HTTP.
W O R K A R O U N D /
o Add something like this before the "switch" statement in upload/index.php:
if (isset($_FILES['file']['name']) && !preg_match('/\.(jpg|gif)$/i', $_FILES['file']['name'])) die();
o Remove upload/index.php or make it inaccessible.
o Quit using DZCP. I mean it! There are tons of other vulnerabilites just
waiting to be exploited; some of them might be as severe as this one. IMHO,
DZCP is just a chaotic bunch of vulnerabilities that, by some coincidence,
happen to look like a clan portal.
P R O O F O F C O N C E P T /
Get a JPEG file, open it in a hex editor, add some PHP inside the EXIF data or
in similar places. Make sure PHP's getimagesize() does not return false and
that the file does not throw parse errors or the like when fed to PHP. Then:
curl -F 'file= () img php;type=image/jpeg' 'http://<dzcp>/upload/index.php?action=userpic&do=upload'
Then check http://<dzcp>/inc/images/uploads/userpics/.php
T I M E L I N E (CET) /
2006-11-24 2:00 started searching
15:05 advisory finished
17:31 informed vendor that anybody can run arbitrary code
25 23:00 full disclosure to vendor
27 14:36 hotfix available on vendor website
12-01 10:45 full disclosure to the general public
A B O U T T H E A U T H O R /
Tim Weber, computer science student at the University of Mannheim, Germany,
currently looking for an internship at some IT security or pentesting company,
can be reached via e-mail: scy-adv-061124b at the host scytale.de.
T H A N K S /
o the cat in the fridge
o the DZCP authors for the fun in secure.php
- deV!L`z Clanportal - Arbitrary File Upload [061124b] Tim Weber (Dec 01)