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RE: MIMESweeper For Web 5.X Cross Site Scripting
From: "Erez Metula" <erezmetula () 2bsecure co il>
Date: Tue, 11 Jul 2006 10:40:54 +0300


Hi list,
I've been asked the following question:

"It sounds like the net impact of this vulnerability is that an attacker can steal cookies for a site the user isn't 
allowed to visit anyway.  In other words, there aren't going to be any interesting cookies to steal.  Is there more to 
this attack scenario?"

It's a good question. Here are at least 2 attack scenarios:

1. Stealing user cookie. Since it requires that the client should already have such a cookie, it requires that the 
client visit the banned site first. This situation is minimized to the time window in which the user is logged in and 
the site got banned. Can happen in 2 situations:
        1. The product blacklist file is updated (automatically, on a daily     basis) with the added blacklisted site.
        2. The administrator adds the specific site to the blacklist file.
The attacker will make the product / administrator believe that a site should be blacklisted - even a short period is 
enough, to launch the XSS.

2. Phising/Defacement (using HTML Injection). In this scenario, the attacker is actually using the fact that some site 
is banned, and replace the page content with a forged page.
Example:
http://BannedSite.com/<HTML>forged_page_content_in_here</HTML>

The client will think that he is in the requested site (the browser will also indicate that),but in fact he will see 
the forged content - sounds to me like defacement and/or phishing.
Think about a banned bank web site, in which the attacker will replace the login page and send the credentials to him.

There are more scenarios, but I think that this is bad enough.

________________________________


Erez Metula, CISSP    
Application Security Department Manager
Security Software Engineer
E-Mail:  erezmetula () 2bsecure co il      Mobile:  972-54-2108830      Office: 972-39007530     
 

-----Original Message-----
From: Erez Metula [mailto:erezmetula () 2bsecure co il] 
Sent: Monday, July 10, 2006 2:53 PM
To: bugtraq () securityfocus com; support () securiteam com; html-list () securiteam com; full-disclosure () lists grok 
org uk; news () securiteam com; submissions () packetstormsecurity org; partners () secunia com
Subject: RE: MIMESweeper For Web 5.X Cross Site Scripting



MIMESweeper For Web 5.X Cross Site Scripting


I. INTRODUCTION

MIMESweeper For Web is a policy-based content security for web applications. It analyzes web content and blocks pages 
or files that are prohibited by the organizational security policy.

For more Information please refer to:
http://www.clearswift.com/products/msw/msw_web/default.aspx


II. DESCRIPTION

A XSS vulnerability was discovered by Erez Metula. When accessing a URL which is not permitted the user is redirected 
to an "access denied" page that is vulnerable to XSS. The page does not input validate / HTML Encode the input and 
displays the data "as is".

Usually this means that it enables an attacker to inject HTML or Javascript code into users's browsers, and by that 
bypassing the browser DOM restrictions.
This javascript code can perform actions on behalf of the user, steal authentication cookies, change the appearance of 
web pages, perform phishing ,and generally can do everything to the original page.
 

III. EXPLOITATION

The vulnerability can be exploited by just redirecting the client to some URL that is restricted by MIMESweeper policy 
and adding the script at the end of the URL.

Example PoC:
http://SomeBlackListedSite/<script>PAYLOAD</script>

 
IV. IMPACT

Using the MIMESweeper capabilities of a central gateway to spread malicious scripts to users.
An example attack scenario could be that an attacker will redirect many users (by email, posting in the organization 
portal, etc.) to some blocked URL and an accompanying script that will steal their authentication cookies.

V. DETECTION

Detection of this vulnerability involves injecting some HTML tags / scripts to a blocked URL that will be responded by 
the MIMESweeper with the vulnerable page.

VI. WORKAROUND

Clearswift released a patch for this vulnerability, following the initial contact &notification.
The patch can be obtained from:
http://www.clearswift.com/support/msw/patch_MswWeb.aspx
termed as "MIMEsweeper for Web 5.1.15 Hotfix"


VII. VENDOR RESPONSE

Clearswift has been informed on the 27/6/06 by e-mail to their support.
Clearswift released a fixed version of the software.


VIII. DISCLOSURE TIMELINE

27/06/06            Identification of the flaw
27/06/06            Reporting the flaw to clearswift by email
27/06/06            Response from clearswift, asking for more description
27/06/06            Providing the full description to clearswift
28/06/06            Clearswift acknowledge of the vulnerability
06/07/06            Patch released by clearswift
09/07/06            Public advisory


IX. CREDITS

The vulnerability was discovered by Erez Metula.

Erez Metula, CISSP    
Application Security Department Manager
Security Software Engineer
E-Mail:  erezmetula () 2bsecure co il




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