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Oracle - Hardcoded Password and Password Reset of OUTLN User [DB13]
From: ak () red-database-security com
Date: 16 Apr 2008 08:01:36 -0000

Oracle - Hardcoded Password and Password Reset of OUTLN User [DB13]

Systems Affected   9i Rel. 1 - 10g Rel. 2
Severity           High Risk
Category           Hardcoded Default Password & Password Reset
Vendor URL             http://www.oracle.com/
Author             Alexander Kornbrust
Advisory               16 April 2008 (V 1.00)
Advisory URL           http://www.red-database-security.com/advisory/oracle_outln_password_change.html



Details
During the creation of a materialized view the package DBMS_STATS_INTERNAL is called and resets the password of the 
user OUTLN to OUTLN and grants DBA privileges to this user. 

[...]
GRANT_DBA_OUTLN:= 'grant dba to outln identified by outln';
[...]
GRANT_DBA_OUTLN:= 'grant on commit refresh to outln identified by outln';
[...]

Many people are not aware that the GRANT command ("GRANT CONNECT TO SYS IDENTIFIED BY ALEX") can be used to change 
passwords in Oracle instead of using the "ALTER USER" command . It's a bad idea to hardcode passwords and it took only 
1 year to fix this issue. 

In most Oracle default installations the account OUTLN is locked but some security guidelines (e.g. Oracle Practical 
Security from Syngress) recommend to unlock the account OUTLN and set an invalid password (to avoid the error message 
"ORA-28000 account is locked"). 
Following this advisory and setting an invalid password is opening a default user with default password with DBA 
privileges in the Oracle database (OUTLN/OUTLN) if a materialized view was created. 

I found this vulnerability during the search for backdoors in Oracle databases for the Oracle malware report of our 
vulnerability scanner Repscan. I was looking for the strings like "grant dba to" and found that dbms_stats_internal is 
executing these commands in an internal package. In Oracle 9i you can find these strings using the grep command in 
$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin because strings literals are not encrypted in wrapped PL/SQL 9i Code. 

BTW: During this research I found also 3 Oracle procedures modifying the Oracle Audit-Table (Insert/Update/Delete rows 
from SYS.AUD$). I think procedures modifying the Audit-Log (especially delete and update) are a bad coding practice.


Patch Information
Apply the patches for Oracle CPU April 2008.


History
4-apr-2007 Oracle secalert was informed
15-apr-2008 Oracle published CPU April 2008 [DB13]
16-apr-2008 Advisory published


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