Home page logo
/

bugtraq logo Bugtraq mailing list archives

Multiple vulnerabilities in Open Journal Systems (OJS)
From: advisory () htbridge com
Date: Wed, 21 Mar 2012 11:43:22 +0100 (CET)

Advisory ID: HTB23079
Product: Open Journal Systems (OJS)
Vendor: Public Knowledge Project
Vulnerable Version(s): 2.3.6 and probably prior
Tested Version: 2.3.6
Vendor Notification: 29 February 2012 
Vendor Patch: 16 March 2012 
Public Disclosure: 21 March 2012 
Vulnerability Type: Arbitrary File Manipulation, Arbitrary File Upload, XSS
CVE Reference(s): CVE-2012-1467, CVE-2012-1468, CVE-2012-1469
Solution Status: Fixed by Vendor
Risk Level: Critical 
Credit: High-Tech Bridge SA Security Research Lab ( https://www.htbridge.com/advisory/ ) 

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Advisory Details:

High-Tech Bridge SA Security Research Lab has discovered multiple vulnerabilities in Open Journal Systems which can be 
exploited to manipulate local files, upload arbitrary files and perform Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) attacks.

1) Arbitrary File Manipulation in Open Journal Systems: CVE-2012-1467

1.1 Arbitrary File Deletion
Input passed via the "param" parameter to "/lib/pkp/lib/tinymce/jscripts/tiny_mce/plugins/ibrowser/scripts/rfiles.php" 
is not properly validated before being used in unlink() function. This can be exploited to delete arbitrary files via 
directory traversal sequences.
The vulnerability exists in "iBrowser" software component that is a built-in part of OJS 2.3.6 by default. 

The following PoC (Proof-of-Concept) code is available:


http://[host]/lib/pkp/lib/tinymce/jscripts/tiny_mce/plugins/ibrowser/scripts/rfiles.php?lang=en&param=delete|/../../../../../../../../../../../../../../../../../../../temp/file_to_delete



1.2 Arbitrary File Renaming  
Input passed via the "param" parameter to "/lib/pkp/lib/tinymce/jscripts/tiny_mce/plugins/ibrowser/scripts/rfiles.php" 
is not properly validated before being used in rename() function.

This can be exploited to rename and assign an arbitrary extension to files on the vulnerable system via directory 
traversal sequences, that can lead to arbitrary PHP code execution (if permitted by server configuration).
The vulnerability exists in "iBrowser" software component that is a built-in part of OJS 2.3.6 by default. 

This PoC will rename a previously uploaded ".jpg" file to ".php" file using the null-byte technique:


http://[host]/lib/pkp/lib/tinymce/jscripts/tiny_mce/plugins/ibrowser/scripts/rfiles.php?lang=en&param=rename|file.jpg|file.php%00.jpg


File upload is available by default to registered users. Registration is also enabled by default.

The second PoC will move "file_to_move" to "1x.jpg" in uploads directory via directory traversal technique:


http://[host]/lib/pkp/lib/tinymce/jscripts/tiny_mce/plugins/ibrowser/scripts/rfiles.php?lang=en&param=rename|/../../../../../../../../../../../../../../../../../../../tmp/file_to_move|1x.jpg



2) Arbitrary File Upload in Open Journal Systems: CVE-2012-1468

Open Journal Systems does not properly verify malicious file extensions before upload, which may lead to arbitrary file 
upload and further arbitrary PHP code execution (if permitted by server configuration). Upper-register file extensions 
are not filtered (e.g. ".pHp"), as well as some potentially malicious file extensions (e.g. ".asp", ".cgi", ".html").

The following PoC code demonstrates exploitation of the vulnerability:

Malicious registered user shall start a new Submission:
http://[host]/index.php/[journal]/author/submit/1
on the second step of the Submission:
http://[host]/index.php/[journal]/author/submit/2?articleId=14
the user should upload test.pHp, test.asp, test.cgi, test.php3 or test.html file. The uploaded file will be available 
on the following URL:
http://[host]/files/journals/[journalid]/articles/[articleid]/submission/original/[newfilename]
The original file name will be changed, however it will be displayed to the user after upload (for example 
"16-28-1-SM.pHp"). File extension will remain the same.

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability requires the attacker to be registered and have "Author Role". 
Registration is enabled by default. Registered user is allowed to assign "Author Role" to himself by default.
Upload directory should also be located inside of web root (by default).


3) Multiple XSS in Open Journal Systems: CVE-2012-1469

3.1 Input passed via the "editor" and "callback" parameters to 
"/lib/pkp/lib/tinymce/jscripts/tiny_mce/plugins/ibrowser/ibrowser.php" script is not properly sanitised before being 
returned to the user. This can be exploited to execute arbitrary HTML and script code in user's browser session in the 
context of the affected website.
The vulnerability exists in "iBrowser" software component that is a built-in part of OJS 2.3.6 by default. 

The following PoC codes are available:


http://[host]/lib/pkp/lib/tinymce/jscripts/tiny_mce/plugins/ibrowser/ibrowser.php?editor=z&callback=x;};};alert%2834%29;{{&lang=en

http://[host]/lib/pkp/lib/tinymce/jscripts/tiny_mce/plugins/ibrowser/ibrowser.php?editor=%27%29;};};alert%2834%29;{{a=x%28%27&callback=iBrowser_callback&lang=en



3.2 Input passed via the "URL" parameter to "index.php" script is not properly sanitised before being stored in the 
application's database. This lead to stored XSS vulnerability.  

The following PoC code demonstrates the vulnerability:

On the submissions page URL:
http://[host]/index.php/[journal]/author/submit/3?articleId=[id]
the attacker should add a malicious code to the "URL" field:
"><script>alert(document.cookie)</script>
the XSS will be displayed here:
http://[host]/index.php/[submission]/author/submission/[id]


3.3 Method "String::stripUnsafeHtml()" in "/lib/pkp/classes/core/String.inc.php" that is used to sanitise user-supplied 
input does not sanitise user input properly. This lead to numerous stored XSSs in scripts where this method is used.

The following PoC demonstrates vulnerability exploitation:

On the following URL:
http://[host]/index.php/[journal]/author/submit/3?articleId=[id]
the attacker should inject malicious scripting code to the "Bio Statement" or "Abstract of Submission" fields:
<img src="x"/onerror=alert(document.cookie)>
or (browser specific):
<img style="width:expression(alert(document.cookie));"></a> 
The stored XSS will be displayed here:
http://[host]/index.php/[submission]/author/submission/[id]

Successful exploitation of the 3.2 and 3.3 vulnerabilities requires the attacker to be registered and have "Author 
Role". Registration is enabled by default. Registered user is allowed to assign "Author Role" to himself by default.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Solution:

Upgrade to OJS 2.3.7

More Information: http://pkp.sfu.ca/support/forum/viewtopic.php?f=2&t=8431

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

References:

[1] High-Tech Bridge Advisory HTB23079 - https://www.htbridge.ch/advisory/HTB23079 - Multiple vulnerabilities in Open 
Journal Systems (OJS).
[2] Open Journal Systems - http://pkp.sfu.ca/?q=ojs - Open Journal Systems (OJS) is a journal management and publishing 
system that has been developed by the Public Knowledge Project through its federally funded efforts to expand and 
improve access to research.
[3] Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) - http://cve.mitre.org/ - international in scope and free for public 
use, CVE® is a dictionary of publicly known information security vulnerabilities and exposures.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Disclaimer: The information provided in this Advisory is provided "as is" and without any warranty of any kind. Details 
of this Advisory may be updated in order to provide as accurate information as possible. The latest version of the 
Advisory is available on web page [1] in the References.


  By Date           By Thread  

Current thread:
  • Multiple vulnerabilities in Open Journal Systems (OJS) advisory (Mar 21)
[ Nmap | Sec Tools | Mailing Lists | Site News | About/Contact | Advertising | Privacy ]