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Photo Server 2.0 iOS - Multiple Critical Vulnerabilities
From: Vulnerability Lab <research () vulnerability-lab com>
Date: Tue, 23 Jul 2013 00:57:47 +0100

Title:
======
Photo Server 2.0 iOS - Multiple Critical Vulnerabilities


Date:
=====
2013-07-23


References:
===========
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=1029


VL-ID:
=====
1029


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
8.6


Introduction:
=============
Photo Server is the free (photos only) version of Video Server. Access your device`s camera roll from any computer or 
device with a web browser on your local network router`s WiFi. With proper configuration of your WiFi router, access 
can be made from the web browser of any computer or device connected to the internet.

Video transfer can be enabled either through the in-app upgrade or by clicking on and viewing an iAd (iAds not 
available 
in all countries yet).

The Bluetooth option allows you to transfer photos stored in your camera roll between Apple iMobile devices such as the 
iPhone, iPod Touch, and iPad without WiFi. Once the BlueTooth connection is established between the devices, choose 
your 
picture and the app automatically begins transmitting it via BlueTooth to the other device. Once received on the other 
device you can view the photograph and save it to your camera roll.

(Copy of the Homepage: https://itunes.apple.com/en/app/photo-server/id397545365 )


Abstract:
=========
The Vulnerability Laboratory Research Team discovered a command injection and file include (arbitrary file upload) 
vulnerability in the Photo Server 2.0 application (Apple iOS - iPad & iPhone).


Report-Timeline:
================
2013-07-23:    Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)


Status:
========
Published


Affected Products:
==================
Apple AppStore
Product: Photo Server - Application 2.0


Exploitation-Technique:
=======================
Remote


Severity:
=========
Critical


Details:
========
1.1
A local command/path injection web vulnerability is detected  in the Photo Server 2.0 application (Apple iOS - iPad & 
iPhone).
The vulnerability allows to inject local commands via vulnerable system values to compromise the apple mobile iOS 
application.

The vulnerability is located in the index file dir listing module when processing to request and list the ipad or 
iphone devicename.
Local attackers can change the name of the device to inject the code and request any local path or inject commands on 
application-side.
The malicious context with the path request executes when a user or victim is watching the file dir index listing.

Exploitation of the web vulnerability requires a local privilege iOS device account with restricted access and no user 
interaction.
Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results unauthorized execution of system specific commands and path 
requests.

Vulnerable Application(s):
                                [+] Photo Server v2.0  - ITunes or AppStore (Apple)

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
                                [+] device name

Affected Module(s):
                                [+] Index File Dir Listing




1.2
A file include web vulnerability is detected in the Photo Server 2.0 application (Apple iOS - iPad & iPhone).
The file include vulnerability allows remote attackers to include (upload) local file or path requests to compromise 
the application or service.

The vulnerability is located in the upload module when processing to upload files with manipulated names via POST 
method. The attacker can inject 
local path or files to request context and compromise the device. The validation has a bad side effect which impacts 
the risk to combine the attack 
with persistent injected script code.

Exploitation of the file include web vulnerability requires no user interaction or privilege application user account. 
Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results in unauthorized local file and path requests to compromise the 
device or application.

Vulnerable Module(s):
                                [+] Upload (Files)

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
                                [+] filename 

Affected Module(s):
                                [+] Index File Dir Listing



1.3
An arbitrary file upload web vulnerability is detected in the Photo Server 2.0 application (Apple iOS - iPad & iPhone).
The arbitrary file upload issue allows a remote attacker to upload files with multiple extensions to bypass the 
validation for unauthorized access.

The vulnerability is located in the upload module when processing to upload files with multiple ending extensions. 
Attackers are able to upload 
a php or js web-shells by renaming the file with multiple extensions. He uploads for example a web-shell with the 
following name and 
extension image.jpg.js.php.jpg . He deletes in the request after the upload the jpg to access unauthorized the 
malicious file (web-shell) to 
compromise the web-server or mobile device.

Exploitation of the arbitrary file upload web vulnerability requires no user interaction or privilege application user 
account.
Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results in unauthorized file access because of a compromise after the 
upload of web-shells.

Vulnerable Module(s):
                                [+] Upload (Files)

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
                                [+] filename (multiple extensions)

Affected Module(s):
                                [+] Index File Dir Listing


Proof of Concept:
=================
1.1
The local command/path inject web vulnerability can be exploited by local attackers with device access and without user 
interaction.
For demonstration or reproduce ...

PoC:

<html><head>
<meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
<title>iPad ¥337 360* >"<[COMMAND/PATH INJECT VULNERABILITY]> Photo Server app's Web Browser Interface 
Page</title></head><body>
<center><h2>iPad ¥337 360* >"<[COMMAND/PATH INJECT VULNERABILITY]">'s
Photo Server App Web Browser Interface 
Page</h2></center><form action="" method="post" 
enctype="multipart/form-data" name="form1" 
id="form1"><label>Choose QuickTime (.MOV) or JPEG (.JPG or 
.jpeg) file to upload to iPad ¥337 360* >"<iframe src=a>: 
<input type="file" name="file" id="file" value="Choose file..." 
/></label><label><input type="submit" name="button" 
id="button" value="Upload" 
/></label></form><hr><p><i>Save videos 
or photos of the links below to hard drive by using context menu's 
(mouse right-click) Save Link As ... 
function.</i><hr><h1>The Video and Photo 
List</h1>
<li><a 
href='assets-library---asset/asset.PNG?id=09FDBC65-D87B-4D3A-A093-EC1CD07D1D22&ext=PNG'><img


--- Request Session Log  ---

Status: 200[OK]

GET http://192.168.2.104:8888/vulnerabilitylab 
Load Flags[LOAD_DOCUMENT_URI  ] 
Content Size[3032] Mime Type[application/x-unknown-content-type]
   

Request Headers:
      
Host[192.168.2.104:8888]
      
User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:22.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/22.0]
      
Accept[text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8]
      
Accept-Language[en-US,en;q=0.5]
      
Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
      
DNT[1]
      

Referer
[http://192.168.2.104:8888/]
      
Connection[keep-alive]
   

Response Headers:
      
Accept-Ranges[bytes]
      Content-Length[3032]
      Date[So., 21 Jul 2013 10:13:51 GMT]





1.2
The file include web vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers without application user account and user 
interaction.
For demonstration or reproduce ...

PoC:
<hr><h1>The Video and Photo List</h1>
<li><a href="http://192.168.2.104:8888/assets-library---asset/../[File Include Vulnerability].PNG
?id=09FDBC65-D87B-4D3A-A093-EC1CD07D1D22&ext=PNG"><img src="iPad%20%C3%82%C2%A5337%20360%20%20Photo%20Server%20app%27s%2
0Web%20Browser%20Interface%20Page_files/../[File Include Vulnerability].PNG">assets-library---asset/../[File Include 
Vulnerability].PNG
?id=09FDBC65-D87B-4D3A-A093-EC1CD07D1D22.PNG</a>



1.3
The arbitrary file upload vulnerability can by remote attackers without application user account and user interaction.
For demonstration or reproduce ...

PoC:
<hr><h1>The Video and Photo List</h1>
<li><a href="http://192.168.2.104:8888/assets-library---asset/pentester23.PNG.jpg.html.php.js.gif.PNG
?id=09FDBC65-D87B-4D3A-A093-EC1CD07D1D22&ext=PNG"><img src="iPad%20%C3%82%C2%A5337%20360%20%20Photo%20Server%20app%27s%2
0Web%20Browser%20Interface%20Page_files/pentester23.PNG.jpg.html.php.js.gif.PNG">assets-library---asset/pentester23.PNG.jpg.html.php.js.gif.PNG
?id=09FDBC65-D87B-4D3A-A093-EC1CD07D1D22.PNG</a>

Note: After the request of the upload you can attacker can open the localhost:8888 webserver again and access the 
folder by an include of the filename


Solution:
=========
1.1
The command/path injection web vulnerability can be patched by a secure parse or encoding of the 2 index location with 
the device name.

1.2
The file include web vulnerability can be patched by a secure parse of the POST method request when processing to 
upload a manipulated file.
Encode, filter or parse also the output listing in the index with the existing file names.

1.3
Disallow multiple extensions by secure filtering of the POST method request when processing to upload a file with 
multiple extensions.
Change the web app http server settings and file access rights to prevent the execution of js, html and php files.



Risk:
=====
1.1
The security risk of the command/path inject web vulnerability is estimated as high.

1.2
The security risk of the file include web vulnerability is estimated as critical.

1.3
The security risk of the arbitrary file upload vulnerability is estimated as high(+).


Credits:
========
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Benjamin Kunz Mejri (bkm () evolution-sec com)


Disclaimer:
===========
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                                Copyright © 2013 | Vulnerability Laboratory [Evolution Security]



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