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AVAST Internet Security Suite - Persistent Vulnerabilities
From: Vulnerability Lab <research () vulnerability-lab com>
Date: Fri, 05 Jul 2013 00:32:54 +0100

Title:
======
AVAST Internet Security Suite - Persistent Vulnerabilities


Date:
=====
2013-06-27


References:
===========
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=969


VL-ID:
=====
969


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
3.4


Introduction:
=============
AVAST Software (www.avast.com), maker of the world’s most popular antivirus, protects over 184 million computers 
and mobile devices with our security applications. In business for over 25 years, AVAST is one of the oldest 
companies in the computer security business, with a portfolio covering everything from free antivirus for PC, Mac, 
and Android, to premium suites and services for business. In addition to being top-ranked by consumers on popular 
download portals worldwide, AVAST performance is certified by, among others, VB100, AV-Comparatives, 
AV-Test, OPSWAT, ICSA Labs, and West Coast Labs.

Vendor Homepage:        http://www.avast.com/
Product website:        http://www.avast.com/internet-security



Abstract:
=========
The Vulnerability Labs Team has discovered a persistent code injection & local command path injection vulnerability in 
the AVAST Internet Security Suite.


Report-Timeline:
================
2013-06-09: Researcher Notification & Coordination (Ateeq Khan)
2013-06-11: Vendor Notification (AVAST - Security Incident Team)
2013-06-15: Vendor Response/Feedback (AVAST - Security Incident Team)
2013-**-**: Vendor Fix/Patch (AVAST - Developer Team)
2013-06-27: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)


Status:
========
Published


Affected Products:
==================
AVAST!
Product: Internet Security Suite Software 8.0.1489


Exploitation-Technique:
=======================
Local


Severity:
=========
Medium


Details:
========
It has been discovered that the avast Internet Security Suite is vulnerable to persistent code injection and local 
command path injection vulnerability. 
During the testing, I was able to successfully read/load and execute any file/application from local system having the 
local admin privileges.

Initially the bug was an HTML code injection flaw only however, with more deep analysis, it was revealed that the 
severity of 
this vulnerability is far more differnet. A simple <a href> tag bypasses the AVAST Sandbox and drops a locall CMD shell 
on the 
system where AVAST is installed. You can technically access any file / application, execute it. It seems like We can 
control explorer.exe and 
through that we are even able to browse local folders and access any file, we can even browse 
external websites.

The bug exists in the Firewall Module under the Network Utilities Section. Since proper input sanatization is not being 
performed, 
a user can insert any HTML code which then gets executed successfully. For a POC i used the <img> and <a href> tags to 
read/load 
and execute files from my local system. I believe there may be possibilities of multiple attack vectors keeping in mind 
the scope 
of this vulnerability. During the POC, I was able to successfully bypass the AVAST sandbox and I was able to run local 
system level 
commands using the AVAST Interface. 

Proper user input sanatization of the source code should be performed because these sort of basic security controls 
should 
always be intact to meet all regulatory and compliance standards.

Vulnerable Product(s):
                                [+] Avast Internet Security Suite Installer - Latest Release 

Vulnerable Module(s):
                                [+] Firewall

Vulnerable Section(s):
                                [+] Network Utilities

Vulnerable Field(s)
                                [+] IP Address Details
                                [+] Graphical Traceroute


Proof of Concept:
=================
Proof of Concept #1

For reproducing the bug, please follow the below mentioned steps:

a) Open the avast internet security suite, goto Firewall and Click on Network Utilities
b) Enter the following payload under the IP ADDRESS DETAILS 

<h1>Vulnerable</h1> or <iframe src=test.de>

c) Click on "Get Details" and you should be able to see a popup within a few seconds proving the existence of this 
vulnerability.
d) To spawn a Command Shell on the local system, use the payload "><a href="cmd">CLICKME 
e) On the next avast information popup box that appears, click anywhere and you should be able to spawn a local CMD 
shell.


Proof of Concept #2

For reproducing the bug, please follow the below mentioned steps:

a) Open the avast internet security suite, goto Firewall and Click on Network Utilities
b) Enter the following payload under the "Graphical Trace-Route" section

<h1>Vulnerable</h1> or <iframe src=test.de>

c) Click on "Get Details" and you should be able to see a popup within a few seconds proving the existence of this 
vulnerability.
d) To spawn a Command Shell on the local system, use the payload "><a href="cmd">CLICKME 
e) On the next avast information popup box that appears, click anywhere and you should be able to spawn a local CMD 
shell.


POC Technical Description & Fix:

Here, we used the common HTML tags as our payload. The fact that user injected HTML code is being executed successfully 
raises 
concerns for this core applications security. Then, the fact that using just the <a href> tag, we can easily bypass 
AVAST Sandbox 
and gain local system shell with privileges of the user that installed the application initially which in most cases 
will be administrator 
is very critical. I believe this bug can be further escalated to gain more interested results.


Solution:
=========
By default, no user should be allowed to inject HTML code in the application. 
This can be mitigated by performing proper input sanatization of the vulnerable fields. 

All illegal characters should also be escaped and application source code should be hardened overall. 
Proper input sanatization in the source code will fix this issue.



Risk:
=====
The security risk of these kinds of vulnerabilities are estimated as medium.


Credits:
========
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Ateeq Khan (khan () vulnerability-lab com)


Disclaimer:
===========
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                                        Copyright © 2013 | Vulnerability Laboratory

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