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Paypal Bug Bounty #102 QR Dev Labs - Auth Bypass Vulnerability
From: Vulnerability Lab <research () vulnerability-lab com>
Date: Fri, 05 Jul 2013 00:40:33 +0100

Title:
======
Paypal Bug Bounty #102 QR Dev Labs - Auth Bypass Vulnerability


Date:
=====
2013-07-05


References:
===========
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=995

PayPal Security UID: ZVf25kC


VL-ID:
=====
995


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
7.1


Introduction:
=============
Shopping made easy with PayPal QR enabled on your mobile device. You can scan for deals using the QR Code displayed in 
shops, 
trains stations, bus-stops & banners and purchase items in just a few taps. Make shopping experience easy for your 
customer.

(Copy of the Vendor Homepage: https://qr.paypal-labs.com )


Abstract:
=========
An independent vulnerability laboratory researcher discovered an auth bypass web session vulnerability in the PayPal QR 
Labs Service Web Application.


Report-Timeline:
================
2012-05-11:    Researcher Notification & Coordination (Cernica Ionut)
2013-05-14:    Vendor Notification (PayPal Inc Security Incident Team - Bug Bounty Program)
2013-06-20:    Vendor Fix/Patch (PayPal Inc Developer Team)
2013-07-05:    Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)


Status:
========
Published


Affected Products:
==================
PayPal Inc
Product: QR Labs Online Service - Web Application 2013 Q2


Exploitation-Technique:
=======================
Remote


Severity:
=========
High


Details:
========
An auth bypass session web vulnerability is detected in the official PayPal QR Labs Service Web Application.
The vulnerability allows remote attackers to bypass the web- or system user auth of the affected 
vulnerable computer system to compromise paypal accounts.

The bug is located in the application account login module when processing to load manipulated j_password 
parameters via GET method. Attackers are able the decrypt and exchange the information in the request live 
with a session tamper to take-over other accounts. At the end the vulnerability allows remote attackers to 
enter remotely any paypal qr labs account of the web application.

Exploitation of the vulnerability does not require user interaction but a low privileged paypal qr labs 
application user account. Successful exploitation results in account steal or compromise and stable user 
session manipulation with different effects.

Vulnerable Service(s):
                                [+] PayPal Inc – qr.paypal-labs.com

Vulnerable Module(s):
                                [+] Account - Login

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
                                [+] j_password

Affected Module(s):
                                [+] Account System


Proof of Concept:
=================
The vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers with low privilege paypal qr labs application user account and 
without user interaction. For demonstration or reproduce ...

Note:
After some security checks to authenticate in the qr.paypal-labs.com web application, the last request for being 
authenticate 
in this web application it is not secure implemented.

Afected Link:
https://qr.paypal-labs.com/j_security_check?j_username=loger177 () gmail 
com&j_password=96301aa9f02b5d12278b0e902dc5434ed9477d19

Note:
If we look at the request wich is a GET method request we will soon see ...
If we encrypt the j_username parameter value as SHA1 ... 
The result will be the value of the j_password parameter

Note: PoC Video
The username loger177 () gmail com is encrypted in SHA1 it is equals with < 96301aa9f02b5d12278b0e902dc5434ed9477d19
In the demonstration above it seems that the password of the username is encrypted in SHA1 ;)


Solution:
=========
2013-06-20:    Vendor Fix/Patch (PayPal Inc Developer Team)


Risk:
=====
The security risk of the auth bypass web session vulnerability is estimated as high(+).


Credits:
========
Independent Security Researcher – Cernica Ionut Cosmin (ionut.cernica () whit3hat com)


Disclaimer:
===========
The information provided in this advisory is provided as it is without any warranty. Vulnerability-Lab disclaims all 
warranties, 
either expressed or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and capability for a particular purpose. 
Vulnerability-
Lab or its suppliers are not liable in any case of damage, including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential loss 
of business 
profits or special damages, even if Vulnerability-Lab or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such 
damages. Some 
states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages so the foregoing 
limitation 
may not apply. We do not approve or encourage anybody to break any vendor licenses, policies, deface websites, hack 
into databases 
or trade with fraud/stolen material.

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