Home page logo
/

bugtraq logo Bugtraq mailing list archives

[CVE-2013-4484] DoS vulnerability in Varnish HTTP cache
From: Poul-Henning Kamp <phk () critter freebsd dk>
Date: Wed, 30 Oct 2013 17:35:50 +0000



Summary
=======

Varnish Cache with certain configurations is vulnerable to a denial
of service attack.

Three lines of VCL code solves the problem.

This issue was discovered by Ilia Sharov, Yandex.

This has been assigned CVE-2013-4484.

Details
=======

If Varnish receives a certain illegal request, and the subroutine
'vcl_error{}' restarts the request, the varnishd worker process
will crash with an assert.

The varnishd management process will restart the worker process,
but there will be a brief interruption of service and the cache
will be emptied, causing more traffic to go to the backend.

We are releasing this advisory because restarting from vcl_error{}
is both fairly common and documented.

This is purely a denial of service vulnerability, there is no risk
of privilege escalation.

Proof of concept
================

Given a VCL with the effect of:

    sub vcl_error {
        return(restart);
    }

and a malformed HTTP request like:

    GET<SP><SP><SP><CR><NL>
    Host:<SP>foo<CR><NL>
    <CR><NL>
    
Varnish will assert and restart the child process.

(The precise number of spaces after GET is not magic.)

Cause
=====

A malformed request should never reach the VCL processing in Varnish
in the first place, but for historical reasons we used vcl_error{}
to deliver the error-response for some malformed requests.

In future versions of Varnish, (4.x, 3.0.5) a standard summary 400
response will be returned for all requests which cannot be parsed
correctly, without VCL involvement.

Workaround
==========

Insert this at the top of your VCL file:
    
    sub vcl_error {
        if (obj.status == 400 || obj.status == 413) {
            return(deliver);
        }
    }
    
Or add this test at the top of your existing vcl_error{}.

Versions affected
=================

At least 2.0.x, 2.1.x, 3.0.x, possibly also older versions.


-- 
Poul-Henning Kamp       | UNIX since Zilog Zeus 3.20
phk () FreeBSD ORG         | TCP/IP since RFC 956
FreeBSD committer       | BSD since 4.3-tahoe
Never attribute to malice what can adequately be explained by incompetence.


  By Date           By Thread  

Current thread:
  • [CVE-2013-4484] DoS vulnerability in Varnish HTTP cache Poul-Henning Kamp (Oct 31)
[ Nmap | Sec Tools | Mailing Lists | Site News | About/Contact | Advertising | Privacy ]
AlienVault