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Zikula CMS v1.3.5 - Multiple Web Vulnerabilities
From: Vulnerability Lab <research () vulnerability-lab com>
Date: Thu, 17 Oct 2013 14:03:50 +0200

Document Title:
===============
Zikula CMS v1.3.5 - Multiple Web Vulnerabilities


References (Source):
====================
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=1114


Release Date:
=============
2013-10-16


Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):
====================================
1114


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
6.7


Product & Service Introduction:
===============================
Zikula is an open source MVC web application framework, released under the LGPLv3, that allows you to rapidly 
build websites for any application including all forms of content management. Zikula is fast and flexible and 
easily extendable via a system on plugins, themes and extensions.

No matter what your needs, Zikula can provide the solution. Whether it is a corporate presence with ecommerce, 
a simple blog or a community portal, Zikula can do it all. Best of all, its completely free. Our community forum 
provides you with the support and help you need free of charge.

(Copy of the Vendor Homepage: http://zikula.org/CMS/Zikula/ )


Abstract Advisory Information:
==============================
The Vulnerability Laboratory Research Team discovered multiple web vulnerabilities in the Zikula Content Management 
System v1.3.5 web-application.


Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:
==================================
2013-10-16:    Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)


Discovery Status:
=================
Published


Affected Product(s):
====================
PostNuke e.V.
Product: Zikula Content Management System - Web Application 1.3.5


Exploitation Technique:
=======================
Remote


Severity Level:
===============
High


Technical Details & Description:
================================
1.1
A persistent input validation web vulnerability is detected in the Zikula Content Management System v1.3.5 
web-application.
The bug allows an attacker (remote) to implement/inject malicious own malicious persistent script codes (application 
side).

The persistent web vulnerability is located in the `User Information (Page)` &  `Profile Info (Page)` module. Remote 
attackers 
are able to change the regular real name in the profile info page to own malicious script codes. The script code 
execute occurs 
in the user profile info page of the public cms application.

Exploitation of the persistent web vulnerability requires low user interaction and a low privileged web-application 
user account 
Successful exploitation of the vulnerability can lead to persistent session hijacking (customers), account steal via 
persistent 
web attacks, persistent phishing or persistent module context manipulation.

Request Method(s):
                                [+] [POST]

Vulnerable Module(s):
                                [+] User Information (Page)

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
                                [+] real name (z-formnote)

Affected Module(s):
                                [+] Profile Info


1.2
A client-side POST injection web vulnerability is detected in the official Zikula Content Management System v1.3.5 
web-application.
The non-persistent cross site web vulnerability allows an attacker to manipulate client side web application to browser 
GET method requests.

The client-side cross site web vulnerability is located in the `login` module of the web-application. Remote attackers 
can inject via POST 
request method own malicious script codes as authentication_info (users_login) value.

Exploitation of the vulnerability requires no privileged application user account but low or medium user interaction. 
Successful exploitation 
of the vulnerability results in session hijacking, client-side phishing, client-side external redirects or malware 
loads and client-side 
manipulation of the vulnerable module context.

Request Method(s):
                                [+] [POST]

Vulnerable Module(s):
                                [+] Login

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
                                [+] users_login_login_id > authentication_info > username & password text



1.3
A client-side cross site scripting web vulnerability is detected in the Zikula Content Management System v1.3.5 
web-application.
The non-persistent cross site scripting web vulnerability allows an attacker to manipulate client side web application 
GET method requests.

The first client-side cross site vulnerability is located in the `func` value of the index.php file. Remote attackers 
are able to inject own 
malicious script codes via vulnerable `func` parameter in client-side GET method requests. 

The second client-side cross site vulnerability is located in the display name to path value GET method request. Remote 
attackers are able 
to inject own malicious script codes as regular path. The script code execute occurs in the news display path. 
Attackers can change the 
regular path with script code to execute the client-side malicious context. 

Exploitation of the vulnerability requires no privileged application user account but low or medium user interaction. 
Successful exploitation 
of the vulnerability results in session hijacking, client-side phishing, client-side external redirects or malware 
loads and client-side 
manipulation of the vulnerable module context.

Request Method(s):
                                [+] [GET]

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
                                [+] display path
                                [+] func


Proof of Concept (PoC):
=======================
1.1
The persistent input validation web vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers with low privileged application 
user account 
and low user interaction. For demonstration or reproduce ...

Inject via Real Name
http://zikula.localhost:8080/en/profile/modify

Exploitation in Profile
http://zikula.localhost:8080/en/profile/view/[PROFILE NAME]


PoC: Personal Info - Profile (Users)

<div class="z-formrow">
<strong class="z-label">Real name:</strong>
<span class="z-formnote">>"<<>"<[PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT CODE!]"> >"<<>"<[PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT CODE!/a></span>
</div>
<div class="z-formrow">
<strong class="z-label">Site:</strong>
<span class="z-formnote"><a href="http://zikula.localhost:8080"; title="demoadmin's site" 
rel="nofollow">http://zikula.localhost:8080</a></span>
</div>



--- PoC Session Logs (Response/Request) ---

POST http://demo.zikula.de/en/profile/update 
Load Flags[LOAD_DOCUMENT_URI  LOAD_INITIAL_DOCUMENT_URI  ] 
Content Size[20] Mime Type[text/html]
   
Request Headers:
Host[demo.zikula.de]
User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:24.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/24.0]
Accept[text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8]
Accept-Language[en-US,en;q=0.5]
Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
DNT[1]
Referer[http://demo.zikula.de/en/profile/modify]
Cookie[ZKSID2=7d8348a4744c45ab23713f42d621915c4b8a58cd]
Connection[keep-alive]

Post Data:
csrftoken[NTI1ZGQzNWY3OGE1NjguMjUxNTI5ODM6MTY3NDgyMTU3MzlhNDI4NmEzYzhkNjRmMTczZTRkYWU6MTM4MTg4MDY3MQ%3D%3D]
dynadata%5Brealname%5D[%3E%22%3C%3C%3E%22%3C[PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT CODE!%3E]
dynadata%5Bpublicemail%5D[]
dynadata%5Burl%5D[http%3A%2F%2Fdemo.zikula.de]
dynadata%5Btzoffset%5D[1]
dynadata%5Bavatar%5D[010.gif]
dynadata%5Bicq%5D[]
dynadata%5Baim%5D[]
dynadata%5Byim%5D[]
dynadata%5Bmsnm%5D[]
dynadata%5Bcity%5D[]
dynadata%5Boccupation%5D[]
dynadata%5Bsignature%5D[]
dynadata%5Bextrainfo%5D[]
dynadata%5Binterests%5D[]
submit[]
   

Response Headers:
Date[Tue, 15 Oct 2013 23:44:42 GMT]
Server[Apache]
Expires[Thu, 19 Nov 1981 08:52:00 GMT]
Cache-Control[no-store, no-cache, must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0]
Pragma[no-cache]
Set-Cookie[bb2_screener_=1381880682+84.150.67.47; path=//]
X-Frames-Options[SAMEORIGIN]
X-XSS-Protection[1]
Location[http://demo.zikula.de/en/profile/view/demoadmin]
Vary[Accept-Encoding]
Content-Encoding[gzip]
Content-Length[20]
Keep-Alive[timeout=1, max=100]
Connection[Keep-Alive]
Content-Type[text/html; charset=UTF-8]



Status: 200[OK]
GET http://demo.zikula.de/en/profile/view/demoadmin 
Load Flags[LOAD_DOCUMENT_URI  LOAD_REPLACE  LOAD_INITIAL_DOCUMENT_URI  ] 
Content Size[8967] Mime Type[text/html]
   

Request Headers:
Host[demo.zikula.de]
User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:24.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/24.0]
Accept[text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8]
Accept-Language[en-US,en;q=0.5]
Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
DNT[1]
Referer[http://demo.zikula.de/en/profile/modify]
Cookie[ZKSID2=7d8348a4744c45ab23713f42d621915c4b8a58cd]
Connection[keep-alive]
   
Response Headers:
Date[Tue, 15 Oct 2013 23:44:43 GMT]
Server[Apache]
Expires[Thu, 19 Nov 1981 08:52:00 GMT]
Cache-Control[no-store, no-cache, must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0]
Pragma[no-cache]
Set-Cookie[bb2_screener_=1381880683+84.150.67.47; path=//]
X-Frames-Options[SAMEORIGIN]
X-XSS-Protection[1]
Vary[Accept-Encoding]
Content-Encoding[gzip]
Content-Length[8967]
Keep-Alive[timeout=1, max=99]
Connection[Keep-Alive]
Content-Type[text/html; charset=UTF-8]



Status: 200[OK]
GET http://vuln-lab.com/ Load Flags[LOAD_DOCUMENT_URI  ] 
Content Size[65038] Mime Type[text/html]
   
Request Headers:
Host[vuln-lab.com]
User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:24.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/24.0]
Accept[text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8]
Accept-Language[en-US,en;q=0.5]
Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
DNT[1]
Referer[http://demo.zikula.de/en/profile/view/demoadmin]
Cookie[PHPSESSID=68989d80ca49d28477fa69e191ef5653]
Connection[keep-alive]
   

Response Headers:
Cache-Control[no-store, no-cache, must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0]
Pragma[no-cache]
Content-Type[text/html]
Expires[Thu, 19 Nov 1981 08:52:00 GMT]
Server[Microsoft-IIS/7.0]
Drupal[nginx]
X-Powered-By[ASP.NET]
X-Powered-By-Plesk[PleskWin]
Date[Tue, 15 Oct 2013 23:44:07 GMT]
Content-Length[65038]




1.2
The client-side POST inject web vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers without privileged application user 
account and 
low user interaction. For demonstration or reproduce ... 

Inject & Affected by Exploitation
http://zikula.localhost:8080/en/benutzer/login


PoC:  Login - Username & Password

<fieldset>
<div id="users_login_fields">
<div class="z-formrow">
<label for="users_login_login_id">User name</label>
<input id="users_login_login_id" name="authentication_info[login_id]" 
maxlength="64" value=">" <<="" type="text">"<[NON-PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT CODE VIA POST METHOD!]"> >" />
</div>


--- PoC Session Logs (Response/Request) ---
Status: 200[OK]
POST http://zikula.localhost:8080/en/benutzer/login 
Load Flags[LOAD_DOCUMENT_URI  LOAD_INITIAL_DOCUMENT_URI  ] 
Content Size[10101] Mime Type[text/html]
  
Request Headers:
Host[zikula.localhost:8080]
User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:24.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/24.0]
Accept[text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8]
Accept-Language[en-US,en;q=0.5]
Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
DNT[1]
Referer[http://zikula.localhost:8080/en/benutzer/login]
Cookie[ZKSID2=196ab1525de479adc56a04829204d4b389462996]
Connection[keep-alive]
   
Post Data:
authentication_method%5Bmodname%5D[Users]
authentication_method%5Bmethod%5D[uname]
returnpage[]
csrftoken[NTI1ZGQ0M2RkYTE2NDYuMTIwMTA5MjA6MDZmM2JhNmM1YzU0ZDgzYWQzN2JhMTNlYTkzYTUwMDM6MTM4MTg4MDg5Mw%3D%3D]
event_type[login_screen]
authentication_info%5Blogin_id%5D[%3E%22%3C%3C%3E%22%3C[NON-PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT CODE!]%3E+%3E]
authentication_info%5Bpass%5D[%3E%22%3C%3C%3E%22%3C[NON-PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT CODE!]%3A%2F%2F]
rememberme[1]
submit[]



1.3
The client-side cross site scripting web vulnerabilities can be exploited by remote attackers without privileged 
application user account and 
low or medium user interaction. For demonstration or reproduce ...

http://zikula.localhost:8080/en/news/display/camp-zikula-&[CLIENT-SIDE CROSS SITE SCRIPTING VULNERABILITY!]//
http://zikula.localhost:8080/index.php?module=benutzer&type=admin&func=-%27+[CLIENT-SIDE CROSS SITE SCRIPTING 
VULNERABILITY!]&lang=en&userid=3


Solution - Fix & Patch:
=======================
1.1
The first persistent input validation web vulnerability can be patched by a secure encode and parse of the real name 
profile input fields.
Also parse the vulnerable user profile info output page to ensure the issue is fixed.

1.2
Parse the username input field in the login module. Encode also the vulnerable users_login_id and 
authentication_info[login] values.

1.3
Parse and encode the vulnerable func value parameter in the index.php. 
Encode and filter the path value in the display section to prevent client-side attacks.


Security Risk:
==============
1.1
The security risk of the persistent input validation web vulnerability is estimated as high(+).

1.2
The security risk of the non-persistent post inject web vulnerability is estimated as medium(+).

1.3
The security risk of the client-side cross site scripting web vulnerabilities are estimated as low(+)|(-)medium.


Credits & Authors:
==================
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Benjamin Kunz Mejri (bkm () evolution-sec com) [www.vulnerability-lab.com]


Disclaimer & Information:
=========================
The information provided in this advisory is provided as it is without any warranty. Vulnerability Lab disclaims all 
warranties, 
either expressed or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and capability for a particular purpose. 
Vulnerability-
Lab or its suppliers are not liable in any case of damage, including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential loss 
of business 
profits or special damages, even if Vulnerability-Lab or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such 
damages. Some 
states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages so the foregoing 
limitation 
may not apply. We do not approve or encourage anybody to break any vendor licenses, policies, deface websites, hack 
into databases 
or trade with fraud/stolen material.

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                                Copyright © 2013 | Vulnerability Laboratory [Evolution Security]



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