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SEC Consult SA-20140521-0 :: Multiple critical vulnerabilities in CoSoSys Endpoint Protector 4
From: SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab <research () sec-consult com>
Date: Wed, 21 May 2014 14:00:15 +0200

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SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab Security Advisory < 20140521-0 >
=======================================================================
              title: Multiple vulnerabilities
            product: CoSoSys Endpoint Protector 4
 vulnerable version: all - except issue #1
      fixed version: none - except issue #1
             impact: Critical
           homepage: http://www.endpointprotector.com/
              found: 2013-12-02
                 by: Stefan Viehböck
                     SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab
                     https://www.sec-consult.com
=======================================================================

Vendor/product description:
- -----------------------------
"Protect your network from the threats posed by portable storage devices.
Portable devices such as USB flash drives and smartphones may cause severe
issues when it comes to controlling data use within and outside the company. As
a full DLP (Data Loss Prevention) product, Endpoint Protector 4 prevents users
from taking unauthorized data outside the company or bringing potential harmful
files on USB devices, files which can have a significant impact on your
network's health."

URL: http://www.endpointprotector.com/products/endpoint_protector


Vulnerability overview/description:
- -----------------------------------
1) Unauthenticated access to statistics / information disclosure
Unauthenticated users can access server statistics. These statistics give
details about the webserver status (nginx_status) as well as system level
information (munin system monitoring).

2) Unauthenticated SQL injection
Unauthenticated users can execute arbitrary SQL statements via a vulnerability
in the device registration component. The statements will be executed with the
high-privileges of the MySQL user "root". This user has permissions to read and
write files from/to disk.

3) Backdoor accounts
Several undocumented operating system user accounts exist on the appliance.
They can be used to gain access to the appliance via the terminal but also
via SSH.


Proof of concept:
- -----------------
1) Unauthenticated access to statistics / information disclosure
The information can be accessed via the following URLs:
https://<host>/nginx_status
https://<host>/munin/


2) Unauthenticated SQL injection
The following POST request uses this vulnerability to write a file with the
content "TEST" to /tmp/test_outfile:

Detailed proof of concept exploits have been removed for this vulnerability.

To demonstrate impact of the issue, the following 2 POST requests will create
a MySQL trigger that adds the superadmin user "secconsult" (password:
"secconsult") to the user table. (A reboot mysqld/system is required before the
trigger is enabled.)

Detailed proof of concept exploits have been removed for this vulnerability.

Affected script: /wsf/webservice.php


3) Backdoor accounts
The passwd and shadow file show that the following accounts exist. The
password hashes have been removed from this advisory.

epproot:x:1000:1000:epproot,,,:/home/epproot:/bin/bash
epproot:*removed*:15449:0:99999:7:::

endpoint:x:1001:1001::/home/endpoint:/bin/sh
endpoint:*removed*:15449:0:99999:7:::

eppsupport:x:1002:1002::/home/eppsupport:/bin/sh
eppsupport:*removed*:15449:0:99999:7:::

The "epproot" user can elevate privileges to root easily via the sudo command,
while the remaining users can get shell access and gain root privileges via
kernel exploits etc.


Vulnerable / tested versions:
- -----------------------------
The vulnerability has been verified to exist in CoSoSys Endpoint Protector
version 4.3.0.4, which was the most recent version at the time of discovery.


Vendor contact timeline:
- ------------------------
2013-12-10: Sending responsible disclosure policy and requesting encryption
            keys.
2013-12-10: Vendor provides encryption keys.
2013-12-10: Sending advisory via encrypted channel.
2013-12-17: Vendor confirms receipt of advisory.
2014-01-09: Requesting status update.
2014-01-13: Vendor states that issue
            #1 has been fixed in version 4.4.0.2.
            #2 will be fixed in March
            #3 "accounts for support are available by default on our appliances
               but we remove them on customer requests"
2014-01-14: Stating that resolution of issue #3 is not sufficient.
2014-01-20: Vendor states that backdoor accounts are documented in latest
            version and some will be removed in the future and functionality
                        to disable users is in development.
2014-04-04: Requesting status update regarding remaining issues (#2 and #3).
2014-05-16: Requesting status update regarding remaining issues (#2 and #3,
            2nd try).
2014-05-21: (No answer) SEC Consult releases security advisory.


Solution:
- ---------
CoSoSys has _only_ patched the information disclosure vulnerability (issue #1).
The patched version is 4.4.0.2.

There is no solution/patch for the remaining, critical vulnerabilities!


Workaround:
- -----------
No workaround available.


Advisory URL:
- -------------
https://www.sec-consult.com/en/Vulnerability-Lab/Advisories.htm


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab

SEC Consult
Vienna - Bangkok - Frankfurt/Main - Montreal - Singapore - Vilnius

Headquarter:
Mooslackengasse 17, 1190 Vienna, Austria
Phone:   +43 1 8903043 0
Fax:     +43 1 8903043 15

Mail: research at sec-consult dot com
Web: https://www.sec-consult.com
Blog: http://blog.sec-consult.com
Twitter: https://twitter.com/sec_consult

EOF Stefan Viehböck / @2014
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