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Re: CERT: Vulnerability in web redirectors
From: Georgi Guninski <guninski () guninski com>
Date: Sat, 22 Mar 2003 20:29:48 +0200

Like this one?:
--------------------
http://srd.yahoo.com/S=2766679:WS1/R=1/K=microsoft+sux/H=0/T=1048357500/F=131cc5f493bf26b0a115b6debc24d362/*http://www.cryptome.org
--------------------
(may be wrapped)

Georgi

Kurt Seifried wrote:
Like hack4life stated this is a pretty well known problem. Solving it isn't
to hard. Legitimate clients will send an HTTP referer, thus for some
unsuspecting user who clicks on a redirect link in an email they will send a
blank referer, or off a website that referer. So simply add some logic in
your script to check the referer, a quick and dirty in php for example (yes,
this code is horrible and ugly, but it's a reasonably clear example):

<HTML>
<HEAD>
<TITLE>You are now leaving example.org</TITLE>
<?php
if (preg_match ("/example\.org\//i", $_SERVER["HTTP_REFERER"] )) {

  print "<META http-equiv=\"refresh\" content=\"1;URL=";
  echo $_SERVER["QUERY_STRING"];
  print "\">";
  print "</HEAD>";
  print "<BODY bgcolor=\"#ffffff\">";
  print "<P>[1] Redirecting you to:";
  print "<A HREF=\"";
  echo $_SERVER["QUERY_STRING"];
  print "\">";
  echo $_SERVER["QUERY_STRING"];
  print "</A>, if it doesn't work click on the link.</P>";
  print "<P>";
  echo $_SERVER["HTTP_REFERER"];
  print "</P>";
} else {
  print "</HEAD>";
  print "<BODY bgcolor=\"#ffffff\">";
  print "<P>Someone has tried to use this site's web redirector in an
attempt to make a link appear legitimate.</P>";
}
?>

Obviously this is not bullet proof, anyone who hacks their client to send
fake referer's can get around it, but then we aren't trying to block that
kind of person, we're simply trying to prevent widespread abuse by a
spammer/etc.


Kurt Seifried, kurt () seifried org
A15B BEE5 B391 B9AD B0EF
AEB0 AD63 0B4E AD56 E574
http://seifried.org/security/

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Full-Disclosure - We believe in it.
Charter: http://lists.netsys.com/full-disclosure-charter.html


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