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Re: MacOSX -FreeBSD
From: Stephen Menard <smenard () nbnet nb ca>
Date: Sat, 04 Dec 2004 13:08:48 -0400

Danny wrote:

There is a security update, I just noticed it.

Security Update 2004-12-02 delivers a number of security enhancements and is recommended for all Macintosh users. This update includes the following components:

Apache
AppKit
HIToolbox
Kerberos
Postfix
PSNormalizer
Safari
Terminal


For detailed information on this Update, please visit this website: http://www.info.apple.com/kbnum/n61798

On 2-Dec-04, at 3:32 PM, Randall Craig wrote:

    On Thu, 2 Dec 2004 10:58:02 -0600, Randall Craig
    <rgcraig () gmail com> wrote:
    Ok I am super duper new to this list and also new to *nix... i will
    never go back to M$ ceptin for gaming purposes... I am running on OS
    X.3.3 and was wanting to know if the Security Alert pertaining to
    FreeBSD would also affect my system. I know that BSD is running
    underneath OS X... I am fairly sure that Apple is aware of it by
    now-.
    thnx


This _may_ affect OSX  don't have cuurent Mac OSX Access today
BUT because OSX  is  partially FreeBSD based
[I assume that the BSD Mention was simply a slip of the free fingers]
there is a _large difference_ ;

and if you check previous Apple updates they refer to FreeBSD 4 errors fixed

It would be best to assume it is vulnerable [there are probably quite a few undiscovered bugs in OSX Country] BUT Check to see if procfs or linprocfs is anywhere on the system as FreeBSD suggests

I think the relevant info is this:

FreeBSD 4.x does not implement the /proc/self/cmdline pseudofile in
its linprocfs(5) file system, and is therefore only affected if the
procfs(5) file system is mounted.

as you can see from these security updates which mention FreeBSD

4.05.2002 News
*Mac **OS **X **Security* update is available for download. To do so open up the Software update in the System Panel and perform the *security* update or download for Apples web site <http://docs.info.apple.com/article.html?artnum=120111>. This update fixes/upgrades/installs the following: advisory which DOES AFfect MacOSX and was fixed
=-=--==-=-=--==--=-=-=-=-=-=-=-==--=

-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----

=============================================================================
FreeBSD-SA-02:13                                            Security Advisory
                                                               FreeBSD, Inc.

Topic:          OpenSSH contains exploitable off-by-one bug

Category:       core, ports
Module:         openssh, ports_openssh, openssh-portable
Announced:      2002-03-07
Credits:        Joost Pol <joost () pine nl>
Affects:        FreeBSD 4.4-RELEASE, 4.5-RELEASE
               FreeBSD 4.5-STABLE prior to the correction date
               openssh port prior to openssh-3.0.2_1
               openssh-portable port prior to openssh-portable-3.0.2p1_1
Corrected:      2002-03-06 13:57:54 UTC (RELENG_4)
               2002-03-07 14:40:56 UTC (RELENG_4_5)
               2002-03-07 14:40:07 UTC (RELENG_4_4)
               2002-03-06 13:53:38 UTC (ports/security/openssh)
               2002-03-06 13:53:39 UTC (ports/security/openssh-portable)
CVE:            CAN-2002-0083
FreeBSD only:   NO

I.   Background

OpenSSH is a free version of the SSH protocol suite of network
connectivity tools.  OpenSSH encrypts all traffic (including
passwords) to effectively eliminate eavesdropping, connection
hijacking, and other network-level attacks. Additionally, OpenSSH
provides a myriad of secure tunneling capabilities, as well as a
variety of authentication methods. `ssh' is the client application,
while `sshd' is the server.

II.  Problem Description

OpenSSH multiplexes `channels' over a single TCP connection in order
to implement X11, TCP, and agent forwarding.  An off-by-one error in
the code which manages channels can result in a reference to memory
beyond that allocated for channels.  A malicious client or server may
be able to influence the contents of the memory so referenced.

III. Impact

An authorized remote user (i.e. a user that can successfully
authenticate on the target system) may be able to cause sshd to
execute arbitrary code with superuser privileges.

A malicious server may be able to cause a connecting ssh client to
execute arbitrary code with the privileges of the client user.

IV.  Workaround

Do one of the following:

1) The FreeBSD malloc implementation can be configured to overwrite
  or `junk' memory that is returned to the malloc arena.  Due to the
  details of exploiting this bug, configuring malloc to junk memory
  will thwart the attack.

  To configure a FreeBSD system to junk memory, execute the following
  commands as root:

  # ln -fs J /etc/malloc.conf

  Note that this option will degrade system performance.  See the
  malloc(3) man page for full details on malloc options.

2) Disable the base system sshd by executing the following command as
  root:

  # kill `cat /var/run/sshd.pid`

  Be sure that sshd is not restarted when the system is restarted
  by adding the following line to the end of /etc/rc.conf:

  sshd_enable="NO"

  AND

  Deinstall the openssh or openssh-portable ports if you have one of
  them installed.

V.   Solution

Do one of the following:

[For OpenSSH included in the base system]

1) Upgrade the vulnerable system to 4.4-RELEASEp9, 4.5-RELEASEp2,
  or 4.5-STABLE after the correction date and rebuild.

2) FreeBSD 4.x systems prior to the correction date:

The following patch has been verified to apply to FreeBSD 4.4-RELEASE,
4.5-RELEASE, and 4.5-STABLE dated prior to the correction date.  It
may or may not apply to older, unsupported versions of FreeBSD.

Download the patch and the detached PGP signature from the following
locations, and verify the signature using your PGP utility.

# fetch ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CERT/patches/SA-02:13/openssh.patch
# fetch ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CERT/patches/SA-02:13/openssh.patch.asc

Execute the following commands as root:

# cd /usr/src
# patch < /path/to/sshd.patch
# cd /usr/src/secure/lib/libssh
# make depend && make all
# cd /usr/src/secure/usr.sbin/sshd
# make depend && make all install
# cd /usr/src/secure/usr.bin/ssh
# make depend && make all install

[For the OpenSSH ports]

One of the following:

1) Upgrade your entire ports collection and rebuild the OpenSSH port.

2) Deinstall the old package and install a new package obtained from
the following directory:

[i386]
ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/ports/i386/packages-4-stable/security/

[other platforms]
Packages are not automatically generated for other platforms at this
time due to lack of build resources.

3) Download a new port skeleton for the openssh or openssh-portable
port from:

http://www.freebsd.org/ports/

and use it to rebuild the port.

4) Use the portcheckout utility to automate option (3) above. The
portcheckout port is available in /usr/ports/devel/portcheckout or the
package can be obtained from:

ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/ports/i386/packages-4-stable/Latest/portcheckout.tgz
ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/ports/i386/packages-5-current/Latest/portcheckout.tgz

VI.  Correction details

The following list contains the revision numbers of each file that was
corrected in the FreeBSD ports collection.

Path                                                             Revision
 Branch
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------
[Base system]
src/crypto/openssh/channels.c
 HEAD                                                                1.8
 RELENG_4                                                    1.1.1.1.2.6
 RELENG_4_5                                              1.1.1.1.2.5.2.1
 RELENG_4_4                                              1.1.1.1.2.4.4.1
src/crypto/openssh/version.h
 HEAD                                                               1.10
 RELENG_4                                                    1.1.1.1.2.8
 RELENG_4_5                                              1.1.1.1.2.7.2.1
 RELENG_4_4                                              1.1.1.1.2.5.2.2
src/sys/conf/newvers.sh
 RELENG_4_5                                                1.44.2.20.2.3
 RELENG_4_4                                                1.44.2.17.2.8

[Ports]
ports/security/openssh/Makefile                                      1.81
ports/security/openssh/files/patch-channels.c                         1.1
ports/security/openssh-portable/Makefile                             1.21
ports/security/openssh-portable/files/patch-channels.c                1.1
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------

Branch                       Version string
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------
HEAD                         OpenSSH_2.9 FreeBSD localisations 20020307
RELENG_4                     OpenSSH_2.9 FreeBSD localisations 20020307
RELENG_4_5                   OpenSSH_2.9 FreeBSD localisations 20020307
RELENG_4_4                   OpenSSH_2.3.0 FreeBSD localisations 20020307
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------

To view the version string of the OpenSSH server, execute the
following command:

 % /usr/sbin/sshd -\?

The version string is also displayed when a client connects to the
server.

To view the version string of the OpenSSH client, execute the
following command:

 % /usr/bin/ssh -V

VII. References

<URL:http://www.pine.nl/advisories/pine-cert-20020301.txt>

The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures project (cve.mitre.org) has
assigned the name CAN-2002-0083 to this issue.
 <URL:http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CAN-2002-0083>
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Apache Mod_SSL - updated to version 2.8.7-1.3.23 to address a buffer overflow vulnerability <http://online.securityfocus.com/advisories/3937> which could potentially be used to run arbitrary code in conjuction Apache is updated to version 1.3.23.

groff updated version 1.17.2 to address the vulnerability CVE ID: CAN-2002-0003 <http://online.securityfocus.com/advisories/3859>, where an attacker could gain rights as the 'lp' user remotely.

mail_cmds is updated to fix a vulnerability where users could be added to the mail group

OpenSSH - updated to version 3.1p1 to address the vulnerability reported in *FreeBSD **Security* Advisory *FreeBSD*-SA-02:13 <ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CERT/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-02:13.openssh.asc>, where an attacker could influence the contents of the memory.

PHP - updated to version 4.1.2 to address the vulnerability reported in CERT CA-2002-05 <http://www.cert.org/advisories/CA-2002-05.html>, which could allow an intruder to execute arbitrary code with the privileges of the web server.

rsync - updated to version 2.5.2 addresses a vulnerability which could lead to corruption of the stack and possibly to execution of arbitrary code as the root user. *FreeBSD **Security* Advisory *FreeBSD*-SA-02:10 <ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CERT/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-02:10.rsync.asc>

sudo - updated to version 1.6.5p2 to address the vulnerability reported in *FreeBSD **Security* Advisory *FreeBSD*-SA-02:06 <ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/pub/FreeBSD/CERT/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-02:06.sudo.asc>, where a local user may obtain superuser privileges.


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