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Advisory 15/2004: Cyrus IMAP Server multiple remote vulnerabilities
From: Stefan Esser <s.esser () e-matters de>
Date: Tue, 23 Nov 2004 00:22:48 +0100

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                           e-matters GmbH
                          www.e-matters.de

                      -= Security  Advisory =-



     Advisory: Cyrus IMAP Server multiple remote vulnerabilities
 Release Date: 2004/11/22
Last Modified: 2004/11/22
       Author: Stefan Esser [s.esser () e-matters de]

  Application: Cyrus IMAP Server <= 2.2.8
     Severity: Several vulnerabilities within Cyrus IMAP Server
               allow remote execution of arbitrary code
         Risk: Critical
Vendor Status: Vendor has released a bugfixed version.
    Reference: http://security.e-matters.de/advisories/152004.html


Overview:

   IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) is an Internet standards-
   track protocol for accessing messages (mail, bboards, news, etc). 
   The Cyrus IMAP server differs from other IMAP server implementations 
   in that it is generally intended to be run on sealed servers, where 
   normal users are not permitted to log in. The mailbox database is 
   stored in parts of the filesystem that are private to the Cyrus IMAP
   system. All user access to mail is through the IMAP, POP3, or KPOP 
   protocols.

   During an audit of imapd several vulnerabilities were discovered
   ranging from a standard stack overflow, over out of bounds heap
   corruptions, to a bug caused by the use of programming constructs 
   that are undefined according to the C standard.
   
   All these bugs can lead to remote execution of arbitrary code
   depending on the skills of the attacker.


Details:

   [01 - IMAPMAGICPLUS preauthentification overflow]

   Affected Versions: 2.2.4 - 2.2.8
   
   When the option imapmagicplus is activated on a server the PROXY
   and LOGIN commands suffer a standard stack overflow, because the
   username is not checked against a maximum length when it is copied
   into a temporary stack buffer. This bug is especially dangerous
   because it can be triggered before any kind of authentification
   took place.

   [02 - PARTIAL command out of bounds memory corruption]

   Affected Versions: <= 2.2.6 (because unexploitable in 2.2.7, 2.2.8)
   
   Due to a bug within the argument parser of the partial command an 
   argument like "body[p" will be wrongly detected as "body.peek".
   Because of this the bufferposition gets increased by 10 instead of 5
   and could therefore point outside the allocated memory buffer for
   the rest of the parsing process. 
   In imapd versions prior to 2.2.7 the handling of "body" or "bodypeek"
   arguments was broken so that the terminating ']' got overwritten by
   a '\0'. Combined the two problems allow a potential attacker to
   overwrite a single byte of malloc() control structures, which leads
   to remote code execution if the attacker successfully controls the
   heap layout.
                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                    
   [03 - FETCH command out of bounds memory corruption]
   
   Affected Versions: <= 2.2.8
   
   The argument parser of the fetch command suffers a bug very similiar
   to the partial command problem. Arguments like "body[p", "binary[p"
   or "binary[p" will be wrongly detected and the bufferposition can
   point outside of the allocated buffer for the rest of the parsing
   process.
   When the parser triggers the PARSE_PARTIAL macro after such a
   malformed argument was received this can lead to a similiar one byte
   memory corruption and allows remote code execution, when the heap
   layout was successfully controlled by the attacker.
   
   [04 - APPEND command uses undefined programming construct ]
   
   Affected Version: 2.2.7, 2.2.8
   
   To support MULTIAPPENDS the cmd_append handler uses the global
   stage array. This array is one of the things that gets destructed
   when the fatal() function is triggered.
   When the Cyrus IMAP code adds new entries to this array this is
   done with the help of the postfix increment operator in combination
   with memory allocation functions. The increment is performed on a
   global variable counting the number of allocated stages. Because
   the memory allocation function can fail and therefore internally
   call fatal() this construct is undefined arcording to ANSI C.
   This means that it is not clearly defined if the numstage counter
   is already increased when fatal() is called or not. While older
   gcc versions increase the counter after the memory allocation 
   function has returned, on newer gcc versions (3.x) the counter
   gets actually increased before.
   In such a case the stage destructing process will try to free an
   uninitialised and maybe attacker supplied pointer. Which again
   could lead to remote code execution. (Because it is hard for an
   attacker to let the memory allocation functions fail in the right
   moment no PoC code for this problem was designed)
      

Proof of Concept:

   e-matters is not going to release exploits for any of these
   vulnerabilities to the public.


Disclosure Timeline:

   06. November 2004 - Sent an email to the Cyrus IMAP team
   11. November 2004 - Got reply from the Cyrus developers and
                       shared the information with vendor-sec
   17. November 2004 - Cyurs IMAP team contacted vendor-sec with
                       the official patch
   22. November 2004 - Cyrus IMAP Server 2.2.9 released
   22. November 2004 - Public Disclosure


CVE Information:

   The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures project (cve.mitre.org) has
   assigned the name CAN-2004-1011 to issue 01, the name CAN-2004-1012
   to issue 02 and the name CAN-2004-1013 to issue 03.


Recommendation:

   It is strongly recommended to upgrade to the updated version of 
   Cyrus IMAP Server as soon as possible because there is no 
   workaround.


GPG-Key:

   http://security.e-matters.de/gpg_key.asc

   pub  1024D/3004C4BC 2004-05-17 e-matters GmbH - Securityteam
   Key fingerprint = 3FFB 7C86 7BE8 6981 D1DA  A71A 6F7D 572D 3004 C4BC


Copyright 2004 Stefan Esser. All rights reserved.

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