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R7-0018: OpenBSD isakmpd payload handling denial-of-service vulnerabilities
From: advisory () rapid7 com
Date: Tue, 23 Mar 2004 14:36:54 -0800

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                     Rapid7, Inc. Security Advisory
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Rapid7 Advisory R7-0018
OpenBSD isakmpd payload handling denial-of-service vulnerabilities

   Published:  March 23, 2004
   Revision:   1.0
   http://www.rapid7.com/advisories/R7-0018.html

   CVE:    CAN-2004-0218, CAN-2004-0219, CAN-2004-0220, CAN-2004-0221,
           CAN-2004-0222

1. Affected system(s):

   KNOWN VULNERABLE:
    o OpenBSD 3.4 and earlier
    o OpenBSD-current as of March 17, 2004

2. Summary

   The ISAKMP packet processing functions in OpenBSD's isakmpd
   daemon contain multiple payload handling flaws that allow
   a remote attacker to launch a denial of service attack
   against the daemon.

   Carefully crafted ISAKMP packets will cause the isakmpd daemon
   to attempt out-of-bounds reads, exhaust available memory, or
   loop endlessly (consuming 100% of the CPU).

3. Vendor status and information

   OpenBSD
   http://www.openbsd.org

   OpenBSD has been notified of the issues and they have provided
   source code patches to fix the problems for -current, 3.4-stable,
   and 3.3-stable.  See http://www.openbsd.org/errata.html for
   more information.

   The isakmpd daemon in the upcoming OpenBSD 3.5 release will be
   privilege-separated, which greatly lessens the risk of any
   future vulnerabilities that may be found.

4. Solution

   Update and rebuild the isakmpd daemon:

      cd /usr/src/sbin/isakmpd
      cvs update -dP
      make clean && make obj && make && sudo make install

   You can also apply the appropriate patches from
   http://www.openbsd.org/errata.html instead of using CVS.

5. Detailed analysis

   To test the security and robustness of IPSEC implementations
   from multiple vendors, the security research team at Rapid7
   has designed the Striker ISAKMP Protocol Test Suite.  Striker
   is an ISAKMP packet generation tool that automatically produces
   and sends invalid and/or atypical ISAKMP packets.

   This advisory is the first in a series of vulnerability
   disclosures discovered with the Striker test suite.  Striker
   will be made available to qualified IPSEC vendors.  Please
   email advisory () rapid7 com for more information on obtaining
   Striker.

   OpenBSD's isakmpd daemon performs insufficient validation on
   payload lengths and payload field lengths before attempting to
   read the fields.  This results in out-of-bounds reads in several
   cases.

   Denial of service by 0-length ISAKMP payload
   CVE ID: CAN-2004-0218

      An ISAKMP packet with a malformed payload having a self-reported
      payload length of zero will cause isakmpd to enter an infinite
      loop, parsing the same payload over and over again.

      This issue is similar to CAN-2003-0989, which affected TCPDUMP.

   Denial of service by various malformed ISAKMP IPSEC SA payload
   CVE ID: CAN-2004-0219

      An ISAKMP packet with a malformed IPSEC SA payload will
      cause isakmpd to read out of bounds and crash.

   Denial of service by malformed ISAKMP Cert Request payload
   CVE ID: CAN-2004-0220

      An ISAKMP packet with a malformed Cert Request payload
      will cause an integer underflow, resulting in a failed
      malloc of a huge amount of memory.

   Denial of service by malformed ISAKMP Delete payload
   CVE ID: CAN-2004-0221

      An ISAKMP packet with a malformed delete payload having
      a large number of SPIs will cause isakmpd to read out of
      bounds and crash.

   Denial of service by various memory leaks
   CVE ID: CAN-2004-0222

      Various memory leaks in packet processing can be triggered
      by a remote attacker until all available memory is exhausted,
      resulting in eventual termination of the daemon.

6. Contact Information

   Rapid7 Security Advisories
   Email:  advisory () rapid7 com
   Web:    http://www.rapid7.com/
   Phone:  +1 (617) 603-0700

7. Disclaimer and Copyright

   Rapid7, LLC is not responsible for the misuse of the information
   provided in our security advisories.  These advisories are a service
   to the professional security community.  There are NO WARRANTIES
   with regard to this information.  Any application or distribution of
   this information constitutes acceptance AS IS, at the user's own
   risk.  This information is subject to change without notice.

   This advisory Copyright (C) 2004 Rapid7, LLC.  Permission is
   hereby granted to redistribute this advisory, providing that no
   changes are made and that the copyright notices and disclaimers
   remain intact.
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