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Re: Multiple Vendor Anti-Virus Software Detection Evasion Vulnerability through forged magic byte
From: "Williams, James K" <James.Williams () ca com>
Date: Thu, 27 Oct 2005 04:02:49 -0400


Subject: Re: Multiple Vendor Anti-Virus Software Detection 
Evasion Vulnerability through forged magic byte
From: "Andrey Bayora" <andrey () securityelf ! org>
Date: 2005-10-25 3:07:51

[...]

VULNERABLE vendors and software (tested):

[...]

3.  eTrust CA (ver 7.0.1.4, engine 11.9.1, vir sig. 9229)

[...]
DESCRIPTION:

The problem exists in the scanning engine - in the routine that
determines the file type. If some file types (file types tested
are .BAT, .HTML and .EML) changed to have the MAGIC BYTE of the 
EXE files (MZ) at the beginning, then many antivirus programs 
will be unable to detect the malicious file. It will break the 
normal flow of the antivirus scanning and many existent and 
future viruses will be undetected.

Andrey,

Thank you for the report.  

You are effectively altering existing viruses to the point that 
AV scanners do not detect them.  If your altered virus sample 
still executes correctly, you have simply created a new virus 
variant.  If your altered virus sample does not execute properly, 
you have created nothing more than a corrupt virus sample.

Consequently, the issue that you describe is *not* a 
vulnerability issue, but rather just an example of a new variant
that has not yet been added to an AV vendor's database of "known
viruses".

Note that CA eTrust Antivirus, when running in Reviewer mode, 
should already detect these new variants.

Regards,
Ken 
                                                           
Ken Williams ; Dir. Vuln Research 
Computer Associates ; 0xE2941985

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