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Cisco NAC Appliance Agent Installation Bypass Vulnerability
From: Andreas Gal <gal () uci edu>
Date: Fri, 25 Aug 2006 17:29:36 -0700 (PDT)

Description:
Cisco NAC Appliance (formerly Cisco Clean Access) is an easily deployed Network Admission Control (NAC) product that uses the network infrastructure to enforce security policy compliance on all devices seeking to access network computing resources. With NAC Appliance, network administrators can authenticate, authorize, evaluate, and remediate wired, wireless, and remote users and their machines prior to network access. It identifies whether networked devices such as laptops, IP phones, or game consoles are compliant with your network's security policies and repairs any vulnerabilities before permitting access to the network.

Vendor site:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/ps6128/

Affected versions:
All current (<= 3.6.4.1 at the time of the release)

Discovery Date:
2006-08-15

Report Date:
2006-08-20 (vendor), 2006-08-25 (public)

Severity:
Medium

Remote:
Yes

Related previous reports:
http://www.securityfocus.com/archive/1/408603/30/0/threaded

Discovered by:
Andreas Gal (http://www.andreasgal.com/)
Joachim Feise (http://www.feise.com/)

Vulnerability:
Previous versions of the software allowed users to bypass the "mandatory" installation of the Clean Access Agent by changing the browser user-agent string. With version 3.6.0, Cisco added additional detection mechanisms such as TCP fingerprinting and JavaScript OS detection. By changing the default parameters of the Windows TCP/IP stack and using a custom HTTPS client (instead of a browser) the user can still connect to the network without running any host-based checks. Authentication and remote checks are not affected.

Proof-of-concept implementation:
http://kevin.sf.net/howto.html
http://kevin.sf.net/download/kevin.exe
http://kevin.sf.net/download/kevin.conf
http://kevin.cvs.sourceforge.net/kevin/

Acknowledgements:
The registry settings to masquerade the Windows TCP/IP stack were derived from sec_cloak written by Craig Heffner.

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